Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

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Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

广州白云国际机场
Baiyun Aitport Logo.svg
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Terminal 2.jpg
Entrance of Terminal 2
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGuangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
OperatorGuangdong Airport Authority
ServesGuangzhou and Foshan
LocationBaiyunHuadu Districts, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China
Opened5 August 2004; 18 years ago (2004-08-05)
Hub for
Focus city forChina Eastern Airlines
Elevation AMSL15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
Maps
CAAC airport diagram
CAAC airport diagram
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
CAN
Location in Guangdong
CAN is located in China
CAN
CAN
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2021)
Passenger volume40,249,679
Cargo (metric tonnes)2,044,908.97
Aircraft movements362,470
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Simplified Chinese广州白云国际机场
Traditional Chinese廣州白雲國際機場
Cantonese YaleGwóngjāu Baahkwàhn Gwokjai Gēichèuhng
Check-in area

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG) is the major airport of Guangzhou, Guangdong province, in Southern China. Both airport codes were inherited from the former Baiyun Airport, and the IATA code is derived from Guangzhou's historical romanization Canton. Baiyun Airport serves as a hub for China Southern Airlines, FedEx Express, 9 Air, Hainan Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines. In 2020, due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on aviation, it was the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic, handling 43.8 million passengers.[2]

In 2021, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was the world's eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 40.2 million passengers handled, making it also the busiest airport outside the United States, and the busiest in China. As for cargo traffic, the airport was China's second-busiest, as well as the second-busiest airport worldwide in terms of aircraft movements.

Overview[edit]

1932–2004[edit]

The old Baiyun Airport opened in 1932. Due to the expansion of Guangzhou, the airport could not expand to meet passengers needs as buildings surrounded the airport. On 5 August 2004, the new Baiyun Airport opened and the old airport was closed.

Since 2004[edit]

The new airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on 5 August 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named former airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.

Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24 hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.

Data[edit]

  • Runways: 3—3,800 metres (12,500 ft), 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)[3]
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 80 million passengers per year[4]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: 2.5 million tonnes[4]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang

Facilities[edit]

Airport layout
People walking down a hallway in Terminal 2 of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 has three components, Main Terminal, Area A and Area B. All check-in counters and most retail stores are placed at the Main Terminal. The two concourses controlled by individual security checkpoints, named Area A and Area B, are the boarding gates, security checkpoints, border control, customs and quarantine, baggage reclaim and relative facilities.

Since 24 January 2016, East Piers 1 and 2 are dedicated to serve international flights; domestic flights occupy the rest.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 opened on April 26, 2018, with an area measuring over 808,700 square metres, making it one of the world's largest airport terminal facilities. When Terminal 2 officially operates, it will be typically home to China Southern Airlines. Most SkyTeam member airlines will also typically operate in Terminal 2.[5] However, on 31 December 2019, China Southern withdrew from the SkyTeam airline alliance.

Airlines Check-in Counter
Domestic China Southern Airlines, XiamenAir, Sichuan Airlines, Chongqing Airlines, Hebei Airlines C, D, E, F, G, J
International Japan Airlines, Kenya Airways, Saudia, Garuda Indonesia M
Korean Air, China Airlines, Vietnam Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Air France, Thai Airways International, Aeroflot, Sichuan Airlines N
China Southern Airlines P, Q

The new transport centre (GTC) is under construction on the south side of terminal 2; passengers will be able to go to Guangzhou downtown by taking metro, rail, bus or taxi there.[6]

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub[edit]

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub apron

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun Airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[7] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world.[8] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[7] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[9]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[10]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[10]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[11]

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009, with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[12] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[13]

Runways[edit]

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has three runways. The third runway opened on February 5, 2015,[14] which temporarily tackled the long‐standing capacity obstacle. The operation of the third runway expanded Baiyun Airport's capacity, pushing business up.[15] Unfortunately, the third runway can only be used for landing, as its airspace conflicts with Foshan Airport.[16] The airport is planning to build two additional runways.[16]

Expansion[edit]

A China Southern Airbus A330 wearing the Guangzhou 2010 Asian Games special livery taking off to Chengdu in 2017

In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.[17]

It included a third runway, 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) in length and 60 metres (200 ft) in width, located 400 metres (1,300 ft) to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 880,700 m2 (9,480,000 sq ft) Terminal 2. Other facilities comprise new indoor and outdoor car parks and a transportation centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project was estimated to be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2012 and the runway commenced operation in early 2015. The whole project including the new terminal was scheduled to be finished in February 2018, at which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.[4]

The third phase expansion plan has been approved by the National Development and Reform Commission of China. After the expansion, Baiyun Airport will have three terminals, a satellite concourse, five runways and a high-speed railway station. The airport will be able to handle 120 million passengers, 3.8 million tons freight and 775,000 aircraft movements a year. The whole expansion project is estimated to be finished in 2025.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Bangkok–Don Mueang (begins 10 February 2023),[18] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[18] Changchun,[19] Chengde,[19] Chengdu–Tianfu,[19] Chongqing,[19] Dalian,[19] Ezhou,[19] Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou,[19] Harbin,[19] Hefei, Jinchang,[19] Lanzhou, Lianyungang,[19] Nanchang,[19] Nanjing, Qingdao,[19] Qionghai,[19] Sanya,[19] Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang,[19] Tangshan,[19] Urumqi,[19] Wenzhou, Wuhan,[19] Wuxi, Xi'an, Xining,[19] Xinzhou,[19] Xishuangbanna, Zhangye,[19] Zhengzhou,[19] Zhongwei[19]
Aeroflot Krasnoyarsk,[20] Moscow–Sheremetyevo[21]
AirAsia Johor Bahru,[22][23] Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing,[24] Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Luzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Tonghua, Ürümqi, Wanzhou, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Yinchuan,[25] Yuncheng
Air Madagascar Antananarivo, Saint-Denis de la Réunion
Air Peace Lagos[26]
Air Tanzania Dar es Salaam[27]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Batik Air Malaysia Johor Bahru,[28][29] Kuala Lumpur–International[30]
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Lijiang, Qingdao, Yinchuan
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville[31]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[32] Baoshan, Beijing–Daxing, Cangyuan,[33] Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Dali, Datong, Diqing,[34] Hangzhou, Harbin,[35] Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lüliang, Mangshi, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Ürümqi, Weihai,[36] Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xishuangbanna, Yangon,[37] Yichang, Yinchuan
China Southern Airlines[38] Altay,[39] Amsterdam, Ankang,[40] Anqing, Anshan, Auckland, Baku,[41] Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou,[42] Bazhong,[43] Beihai, Beijing–Daxing, Bijie, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chiang Mai, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Dhaka, Dubai–International, Enshi, Frankfurt, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi (resumes 1 February 2023),[44] Harbin, Hechi,[45] Hefei, Heze, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hotan,[46] Huai'an,[47] Huaihua,[48] Huangshan, Islamabad,[49] Istanbul,[50] Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta,[51] Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jingzhou,[52] Jining, Jixi, Karamay, Kashgar, Kathmandu,[53] Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lahore,[54] Langkawi,[55] Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Linfen, Liupanshui, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luoyang, Luzhou,[56] Malé (resumes 20 February 2023),[57] Manila, Meixian, Melbourne, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta,[49] Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nanyang, New York–JFK, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Ordos, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang (resumes 2 March 2023),[44] Phnom Penh, Phuket (resumes 19 February 2023),[44] Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Rome–Fiumicino,[58] Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shangrao,[59] Shennongjia,[60] Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Shiyan,[61] Singapore, Sydney, Taiyuan, Taizhou,[62] Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita,[63] Tongliao, Tongren, Toronto–Pearson, Turpan, Ürümqi, Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuhu,[64] Wushan,[65] Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xichang, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yan'an, Yancheng, Yangon, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin,[45] Yichang, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin (Guangxi),[66] Yulin (Shaanxi), Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhaotong,[67] Zhengzhou, Zunyi–Maotai,[68] Zunyi–Xinzhou
Seasonal: Fukuoka, Jeju
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Wenzhou[69]
Chongqing Airlines Chongqing, Dali,[70] Lijiang,[70] Shennongjia,[70] Wenzhou[70]
Conviasa Caracas[71]
EgyptAir Cairo
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[72]
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki[73]
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
GX Airlines Changsha
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dalian, Da Nang, Dongying,[74] Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hohhot,[75] Jinzhou, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Nha Trang, Ningbo, Phuket (resumes 24 February 2023),[76] Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai,[77] Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Weifang, Wuhai, Xi'an, Xinzhou,[75] Yinchuan, Zhangjiakou, Zhengzhou
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
IrAero Moscow–Domodedovo[78]
IndiGo Kolkata (resumes 27 March 2023)[79]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad[80]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda
JC International Airlines Sihanoukville[81]
Juneyao Airlines Lijiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao
Kenya Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (ends 14 February 2023),[82] Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Kuwait Airways Kuwait City[83]
Lanmei Airlines Phnom Penh,[84] Sihanoukville[85]
Lao Airlines Vientiane
Lion Air Charter: Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Denpasar,[86][unreliable source?] Manado[87]
Loong Air Changchun,[88] Kashgar,[89] Korla,[89] Lanzhou,[89] Xiangyang,[88] Zhengzhou[89]
Lucky Air Kunming
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International
Myanmar Airways International Yangon
Nepal Airlines Kathmandu[90]
Okay Airways Tianjin
Oman Air Muscat
Pacific Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
Pakistan International Airlines Lahore[91]
Pegas Fly Moscow–Sheremetyevo[92]
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippines AirAsia Manila
Qatar Airways Doha
RwandAir Kigali, Mumbai[93]
S7 Airlines Irkutsk[94]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
Scoot Singapore[95]
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Xiamen, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao
Shenzhen Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Dalian, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Phnom Penh, Phuket,[96] Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tengchong, Wenzhou, Wuxi, Xi'an, Yangzhou, Yantai,[97] Yibin, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yinchuan
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chiang Rai,[98] Chongqing, Hangzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Luzhou,[56] Nha Trang, Yibin,[99] Yinchuan
Spring Airlines Bangkok–Don Mueang,[100] Chiang Mai,[101] Dunhuang, Jeju,[102] Lanzhou,[103] Phnom Penh, Phuket, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang
SriLankan Airlines Colombo–Bandaranaike
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai[104]
Tianjin Airlines Tianjin
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Uni Air Taichung
US-Bangla Airlines Dhaka
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
West Air Chongqing, Zhengzhou[105]
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Tianjin, Xiamen
World map showing destinations of Guangzhou Baiyun Airport (CAN) as of 2018

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air New Zealand Auckland, Christchurch[106]
ANA Cargo Naha,[107] Tokyo–Narita[108]
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka,[109] Frankfurt,[110] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, London–Stansted,[111] Los Angeles,[112] Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[113] Qingdao, Taipei–Taoyuan, Vancouver, Vienna,[114] Zhengzhou
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Bangalore, Mumbai, Oslo[115]
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo–Narita
Garuda Cargo Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Chongqing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha[116]
Saudia Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing–Capital,[117] Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Suparna Airlines Cargo Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei–Taoyuan, Xiamen
Turkish Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul

Statistics[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at CAN airport. See Wikidata query.
Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo
(tons)
2004 20,326,138 182,780 506,988.3
2005 23,558,274 211,309 600,603.9
2006 26,222,037 232,204 653,261.3
2007 30,958,467 260,828 694,296.0
2008 33,435,272 280,392 685,867.9
2009 37,048,712 308,863 955,269.7
2010[118] 40,975,673 329,214 1,144,455.7
2011[119] 45,040,340 349,259 1,179,967.7
2012[120] 48,309,410 373,314 1,248,763.8
2013[121] 52,450,262 394,403 1,309,745.5
2014[122] 54,780,346 412,210 1,454,043.8
2015[123] 55,201,915 409,679 1,537,758.9
2016 59,732,147 435,231 1,652,214.9
2017[124] 65,806,977 465,295 1,780,423.1
2018[125] 69,720,403 477,364 1,890,560.0
2019 73,378,475 491,249 1,919,926.9

Ground transportation[edit]

Airport South metro station
Airport Express Bus

Inter-terminal[edit]

There is a free shuttle bus that goes between Terminals 1 and 2.

Road[edit]

The airport is connected to downtown Guangzhou by the S41 Guangzhou Airport Expressway.

Rail[edit]

Guangzhou–Foshan circular intercity railway, which is under construction, will serve Baiyun Airport North railway station (for Terminal 2), Baiyun Airport South railway station (for Terminal 1) and Baiyun Airport East railway station (for Terminal 3) in the airport. The rail will connect the airport to the Panyu railway station and the Huadu railway station.

Metro[edit]

Baiyun International Airport is served by the Airport South Station (serving Terminal 1) and the Airport North Station (serving Terminal 2) on Line 3 of Guangzhou Metro.

In the future, Guangzhou Metro Line 22 may serve the airport, connecting it to downtown Guangzhou.[126]

Bus[edit]

There are 5 Airport Express lines and 6 Airport Non-stop lines between airport and downtown. Buses take passengers to city's major hotels, grand plaza and transportation center, such as Garden Hotel, Guangdong Hotel, CITIC Plaza, Haizhu Square, Tianhe Coach Station, Guangzhou North Station among other destinations.

To service passengers out of Guangzhou city, the airport also provides intercity bus service. The buses will take passengers from/to Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen among other destinations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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