Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

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For the old Guangzhou airport with the same name, see Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (former).
Guangzhou Baiyun
International Airport

Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun Aitport Logo.png
Guangzhou Baiyun Airport 2.JPG
Airport type Public
Operator Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Guangzhou, China
Location Baiyun-Huadu, Guangzhou, China
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
Website GBIA
CAN is located in Guangdong
Location in Guangdong Province
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passenger volume 54,780,346
Cargo (metric tonnes) 1,454,043.8
Aircraft movements 412,210
Sources: Statistics from CAAC[1]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Simplified Chinese 广州白云国际机场
Traditional Chinese 廣州白雲國際機場

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the old airport, and the IATA code reflects Guangzhou's former romanization Canton. It is the main hub of China Southern Airlines, FedEx Express, 9 Air, Hainan Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines and a focus city for Air China and China Eastern Airlines.

In 2014, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's second busiest and world's 13th busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 54,780,346 passengers handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was the third busiest in China and the 19th busiest worldwide. Baiyun airport was also the second busiest airport in China in terms of aircraft movements.


The airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on August 5, 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named old airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport, is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.

Once commissioned, the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport overcame most of the problems associated with the old and dilapidated airport including limited space, overcrowding and a lack of room for expansion. Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24-hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.

Baiyun International Airport is served by the Airport South Station on Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro.

Future development[edit]

In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.[2]

It includes a third runway, 3800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equal to the size of the current terminal building. Other facilities include new indoor and outdoor car parks, a transportation centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project will be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2012 and was completed in 2014. The whole project including the new terminal is estimated to be finished in 2018, at which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.[3]

According to the master plan, the airport will eventually have five runways and a third terminal building, located between the third and fifth runways. Although no completion date is given, preliminary study and preparation has been carried out by the airport management company.


  • Runways: 3—3,800 metres (12,500 ft) 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)[4]
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 80 million passengers per year[3]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: 2.5 million tonnes[3]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang


The terminal has three components, Main Terminal, Area A and Area B. All check-in counters and most retail stores are placed at the Main Terminal. The two concourses controlled by individual security checkpoints, named Area A and Area B, are the boarding gates, security checkpoints, border control, custom & quarantine, baggage reclaim and relative facilities.

Area A located on the east part of the terminal, compositing with East Pier 1 (Gate A01-A04, A101-A112), East Pier 2 (Gate A07-A11, A113-A123) and East Pier 3 (Gate A13-A18, A124-A133).

Area B located on the west part of the terminal, compositing with West Pier 1 (Gate B01-B04, B201-B213), West Pier 2 (Gate B07-B10, B214-B223), West Pier 3 (Gate B13-B18, B124-B133) and nine outer-bay boarding gates, Gate B901-B909.

Since 24 January 2016, East Pier 1 & 2 are dedicated to service international flights, domestic flights occupy the rest.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Drop off zone outside Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1
The departure lobby of Terminal 1
The transporting system
Air China Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Guangzhou International Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal/
9 Air Changchun, Harbin, Hailar, Manzhouli, Nanjing, Urumqi, Wenzhou A
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo International
AirAsia Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi[5] International
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Luzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Tonghua, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yuncheng A
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle International
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita International
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon International
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Sanya A
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap International
Cebu Pacific Manila International
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu B
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan International
China Eastern Airlines Baoshan, Beijing-Capital,[6] Chengdu, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lincang, Luliang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tianjin, Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan B
China Eastern Airlines Charter: Laoag[7] International
China Southern Airlines Anqing, Anshan, Anshun, Baishan, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Datong, Enshi, Frankfurt1, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jixi, Kaili,[8] Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Liping, Liuzhou, Luoyang, Meixian, Mianyang, Moscow-Sheremetyevo1, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rome-Fiumicino1, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tongren, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yanji, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi B
China Southern Airlines Amsterdam, Auckland, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Busan, Chiang Mai, Christchurch,[9] Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Dubai-International, Fukuoka, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Kathmandu (resumes 27 March 2016),[10] Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo (begins 20 June 2016),[11] Nagoya-Centrair, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Nha Trang, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phuket, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Vancouver, Yangon
Seasonal: Cairns, Koh Samui, Sapporo
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing B
China United Airlines Beijing-Nanyuan, Shijiazhuang B
Dragonair Hong Kong International
EgyptAir Cairo International
Emirates Dubai-International International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa International
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan International
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki (resumes 6 May 2016)[12][13] International
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta International
Hainan Airlines Baise, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou A
Hainan Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan International
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang B
Iraqi Airways Baghdad International
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Haneda International
Juneyao Airlines Lijiang, Shanghai-Hongqiao A
Kenya Airways2 Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta International
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon International
Kunming Airlines Kunming A
Lao Airlines Vientiane International
Loong Air Hangzhou A
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini International
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International International
Myanmar Airways International Yangon International
Okay Airways Tianjin A
Philippine Airlines Manila International
Qatar Airways Doha International
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi (both begin 21 March 2016)[14] International
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh International
Scoot Singapore[15] International
Shaheen Air Lahore International
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai, Xiamen A
Shanghai Airlines Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Xiamen B
Shenzhen Airlines Baotou, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Haikou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Yibin, Yichun (Jiangxi), Yinchuan, Zhoushan A
Shenzhen Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
Siam Air Bangkok-Don Mueang International
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Yinchuan B
Sichuan Airlines Saipan International
Singapore Airlines Singapore International
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang A
Spring Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo International
T'way Airlines Charter: Jeju International
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Krabi International
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
Tigerair Singapore International
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk International
Uni Air Taichung International
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang International
West Air Chongqing A
Xiamen Air Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen B

1: Despite being an international destination, these flights make a stop at a domestic destination and therefore depart from the domestic terminal/concourse.

2: Some of Kenya Airways's flights from Guangzhou to Naroibi make a stop in Hanoi. The airline, however, does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Guangzhou and Hanoi.

Countries served by flights from Baiyun International Airport (includes seasonal, charter and future destinations).


Airlines Destinations
ANA Cargo Okinawa,[16] Tokyo-Narita[17]
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago, Chongqing, Dhaka,[18] Frankfurt,[19] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, London-Stansted,[20] Los Angeles,[21] Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[22] Qingdao, Taipei-Taoyuan, Vienna,[23] Zhengzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chittagong
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Chongqing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha[24]
Saudia Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing-Capital,[25] Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Turkish Airlines Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul-Atatürk
Yangtze River Express Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei-Taoyuan, Xiamen

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub[edit]

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[26] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world .[27] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[26] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[28]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[29]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[29]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[30]

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[31] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[32]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 2014年全国机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2015-04-03. 
  2. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  3. ^ a b c 白云机场高管谈扩建二期项目融资方案待定 (in Chinese). Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  4. ^ 在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话 (in Chinese). 广州市交通委员会. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "China Eastern to Launch Beijing - Guangzhou Route from June 2015". 14 May 2015. Retrieved 14 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Guangdong-Laoag chartered flight to resume at Laoag airport". Philippines News Agency. June 10, 2015. Retrieved November 1, 2015. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "【@中国南方航空 将开通广州-基督城航线】". July 29, 2015. Retrieved July 29, 2015. 
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Finnair Adds Guangzhou / Fukuoka Service from May 2016". 7 October 2015. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ "貨物事業会社「株式会社ANA Cargo」が始動します|プレスリリース|企業情報|ANA". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  17. ^
  18. ^ "China Southern Cargo Adds New Routes in W14". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  19. ^ China Southern begins Guangzhou-Frankfurt freighter service | Air Cargo World News. (2013-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  20. ^
  21. ^ "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  22. ^ "China Southern Cargo Adds New European Routes from late-June 2015". 24 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  23. ^ DVV Media Group GmbH. "China Southern Airlines adds Vienna to B777-200 Frankfurt freighter". Air Cargo News. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  24. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo commences operations to three new destinations". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  25. ^ 图片 顺丰快递7月1日新开通“广州——北京航线” 民航新闻 民航资源网. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  26. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  27. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  28. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (PDF) (Press release). FedEx. February 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  29. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  30. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  31. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  32. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 

External links[edit]