Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport

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For the old Guangzhou airport with the same name, see Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (former).
Guangzhou Baiyun
International Airport

Gwong2zau1 Baak6wan4 Gwok3zai3 Gei1coeng4
广州白云国际机场
Guǎngzhōu Báiyún Guójì Jīchǎng
Baiyun Aitport Logo.png
Zggg.jpg
The satellite view of Baiyun Airport, half of the airport terminal is still under construction
IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG
WMO: 592870
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
Serves Guangzhou, China
Location Baiyun-Huadu, Guangzhou, China
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 15 m / 49 ft
Coordinates 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889Coordinates: 23°23′33″N 113°17′56″E / 23.39250°N 113.29889°E / 23.39250; 113.29889
Website GBIA
Map
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
CAN
Location in Guangdong Province
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,600 11,811 Concrete
02L/20R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
02R/20L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passenger volume 55,201,915
Cargo (metric tonnes) 1,537,758.9
Aircraft movements 409,679
Sources: Statistics from CAAC[1]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Simplified Chinese 广州白云国际机场
Traditional Chinese 廣州白雲國際機場

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CANICAO: ZGGG) is the major airport of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong province, China. Both airport codes were inherited from the former Baiyun Airport, and the IATA code is derived from Guangzhou's historical romanization Canton. Baiyun Airport serves as a hub for China Southern Airlines, FedEx Express, 9 Air, Hainan Airlines and Shenzhen Airlines.

In 2015, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport was China's third busiest and world's 17th busiest airport by passenger traffic, with 55,201,915 passengers handled. As for cargo traffic, the airport was China's third busiest and the 19th busiest worldwide. Baiyun airport was also the third busiest airport in China in terms of aircraft movements.

Overview[edit]

The airport is located in Guangzhou's Baiyun District and Huadu District and opened on August 5, 2004 as a replacement for the 72-year-old, identically named old airport, which is now closed. Built at a cost of 19.8 billion yuan, the new airport, is 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of downtown Guangzhou and nearly five times larger than its predecessor. "Baiyun" (白云) means "white cloud" in Chinese and refers to the Baiyun Mountain (Baiyunshan), near the former airport even though the mountain is much closer to downtown Guangzhou than it is to the new airport. It is also referred to as "New Baiyun" to distinguish it from the previous airport, but this is not a part of the official name.

Once commissioned, the New Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport overcame most of the problems associated with the old and dilapidated airport including limited space, overcrowding and a lack of room for expansion. Former curfews and restrictions did not apply to the new airport so it could operate 24-hours a day, allowing China Southern Airlines to maximise intercontinental route utilisation with overnight flights. Other airlines also benefit from the removal of previous restrictions.

Data[edit]

  • Runways: 3—3,800 metres (12,500 ft) 3,800 metres (12,500 ft) and 3,600 metres (11,800 ft)
  • Aircraft parking bays: 173 (passenger apron and cargo apron)[2]
  • Current passenger capacity: 45 million passengers per year
    • Planned passenger capacity in 2020: 80 million passengers per year[3]
  • Current cargo capacity: 1 million tonnes
    • Planned cargo capacity in 2020: 2.5 million tonnes[3]
  • Destinations: 100 (mostly domestic)
  • Branch airports: Jieyang, Meizhou, Zhanjiang

Composition[edit]

Airport Layout

Terminal[edit]

The terminal has three components, Main Terminal, Area A and Area B. All check-in counters and most retail stores are placed at the Main Terminal. The two concourses controlled by individual security checkpoints, named Area A and Area B, are the boarding gates, security checkpoints, border control, custom & quarantine, baggage reclaim and relative facilities.

Area A located on the east part of the terminal, compositing with East Pier 1 (Gate A01-A04, A101-A112), East Pier 2 (Gate A07-A11, A113-A123) and East Pier 3 (Gate A13-A18, A124-A133).

Area B located on the west part of the terminal, compositing with West Pier 1 (Gate B01-B04, B201-B213), West Pier 2 (Gate B07-B10, B214-B223), West Pier 3 (Gate B13-B18, B124-B133) and nine outer-bay boarding gates, Gate B901-B909.

Since 24 January 2016, East Pier 1 & 2 are dedicated to service international flights, domestic flights occupy the rest.

Runways[edit]

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport now has three runways. The 3rd Runway opened on Feb. 5, 2015.[4]

Future development[edit]

In August 2008, the airport's expansion plan was approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.[5]

It includes a third runway, 3800 metres in length and 60 metres in width, located 400 metres to the east of the existing east runway. The centrepiece of the project is a 531,000-square-metre Terminal 2, equal to the size of the current terminal building. Other facilities comprise additional indoor and outdoor car parks, and a transport centre with metro and inter-city train services. The total cost of the entire project is estimated to be around ¥18.854 billion. Construction of the third runway began in 2012 and was completed in 2014. The whole project including the new terminal is scheduled to be finished in 2018, at which time the airport will be able to handle 80 million passengers and 2.5 million tonnes of cargo a year.[3]

According to the master plan, the airport will eventually have five runways and a third terminal building, located between the third and fifth runways. Although no completion date is given, preliminary study and preparation has been carried out by the airport management company.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The departure lobby of Terminal 1
The transporting system
Air China Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Guangzhou International Airport.
Airlines Destinations Terminal/
Concourse
9 Air Changchun, Harbin, Hailar, Manzhouli, Nanjing, Urumqi, Wenzhou A
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo International
Air China Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dazhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jiuzhaigou, Luzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Tianjin, Tonghua, Wanzhou, Wuhan, Yuncheng A
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle International
Air Madagascar1 Antananarivo (resumes 13 February 2017)[6] International
Air Mauritius Mauritius International
AirAsia Johor Bahru, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Langkawi International
All Nippon Airways Tokyo-Haneda, Tokyo-Narita International
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul-Incheon International
Bangkok Airways Koh Samui (begins 15 December 2016)[7] International
Beijing Capital Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Haikou, Hangzhou, Lijiang, Sanya B
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh, Siem Reap International
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong International
Cebu Pacific Manila International
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu B
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan International
China Eastern Airlines Baoshan, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Dali, Datong,[8] Dunhuang, Hangzhou, Hefei, Huai'an, Jiayuguan, Jinan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Lincang, Luliang, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Ordos, Qingdao, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Wenshan, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xichang, Xishuangbanna, Yichang, Yinchuan B
China Eastern Airlines Laoag
Charter: Krabi[9]
International
China Southern Airlines Anqing, Anshan, Anshun, Baishan, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing-Capital, Bijie, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Changzhi, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chizhou, Chongqing, Dali, Dalian, Daqing, Datong, Enshi, Frankfurt2, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Handan, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huaihua, Huangshan, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Jixi, Kaili, Kashgar, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Libo, Lijiang, Liping, Liuzhou, Luoyang, Meixian, Mianyang, Mudanjiang, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nanyang, Ningbo, Nyingchi, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rizhao, Rome-Fiumicino2, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tongren, Urumqi, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xingyi, Xining, Xuzhou, Yancheng, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yanji, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yulin, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zunyi B
China Southern Airlines Adelaide (begins 12 December 2016),[10] Amsterdam, Auckland, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brisbane, Busan, Chiang Mai, Christchurch, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dhaka, Dubai-International, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Kathmandu, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Malé, Manila, Melbourne, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Nagoya-Centrair, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta, New York-JFK, Nha Trang, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Perth, Phnom Penh, Phu Quoc,[11] Phuket, San Francisco, Seoul-Incheon, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Haneda, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Yangon
Seasonal: Fukuoka
Charter: Malacca[12]
International
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing B
China United Airlines Beijing-Nanyuan, Shijiazhuang B
EgyptAir Cairo International
Emirates Dubai-International International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa International
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan International
Finnair Seasonal: Helsinki International
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta International
Hainan Airlines Baise, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Jinzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Xi'an, Yan'an, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou B
Hainan Airlines Da Nang,[13] Taipei-Taoyuan International
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang B
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Haneda International
Jetstar Pacific Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City (both begin 16 January 2017)[14] International
Juneyao Airlines Lijiang, Shanghai-Hongqiao A
Kenya Airways3 Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta International
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon International
Kunming Airlines Kunming A
Lao Airlines Vientiane International
Lion Air Seasonal Charter: Manado[15] International
Loong Air Hangzhou A
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur–International International
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini International
Myanmar Airways International Yangon International
Okay Airways Tianjin A
Oman Air Muscat (begins 10 December 2016)[16] International
Philippine Airlines Manila International
Qatar Airways Doha International
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi (both end 9 January 2017)[17] International
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh International
Scoot Singapore International
Shaheen Air Lahore International
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Qingdao, Wuyishan, Yantai, Xiamen A
Shanghai Airlines Hangzhou, Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Wenzhou, Xiamen B
Shenzhen Airlines Baotou, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Dalian, Haikou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Jinan, Jingdezhen, Kunming, Lanzhou, Linyi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Ningbo, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taizhou, Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiamen, Xining, Yibin, Yichun, Yinchuan, Zhoushan A
Shenzhen Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Singapore International
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Yinchuan B
Sichuan Airlines Hai Phong, Saipan, Surat Thani International
Singapore Airlines Singapore International
Spring Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shijiazhuang A
Spring Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phnom Penh,[18] Siem Reap[19] International
SriLankan Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Colombo International
Thai AirAsia Bangkok-Don Mueang, Krabi International
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi International
Thai Lion Air Bangkok-Don Mueang[20] International
Tigerair Singapore International
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk International
Uni Air Kaohsiung, Taichung International
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Da Nang International
VIM Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo[21] International
West Air Chongqing A
Xiamen Air Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen B
Notes

^1 : Air Madagascar's flights from Guangzhou to Antananarivo makes a stop in Saint–Denis. The airline, however, does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Guangzhou and Saint–Denis

^2 : Despite being an international destination, these flights make a stop at a domestic destination and therefore depart from the domestic terminal/concourse.

^3 : Some of Kenya Airways's flights from Guangzhou to Naroibi make a stop in Hanoi. The airline, however, does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Guangzhou and Hanoi.

Countries served by flights from Baiyun International Airport (includes seasonal, charter and future destinations).

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ANA Cargo Okinawa,[22] Tokyo-Narita[23]
Asiana Cargo Seoul-Incheon
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
China Postal Airlines Nanjing, Shanghai-Hongqiao
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka,[24] Frankfurt,[25] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, London-Stansted,[26] Los Angeles,[27] Paris-Charles de Gaulle,[28] Qingdao, Taipei-Taoyuan, Vienna,[29] Zhengzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chittagong
FedEx Express Almaty, Anchorage, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cebu, Chengdu, Clark, Cologne/Bonn, Delhi, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Kuala Lumpur–International, Manila, Mumbai, Osaka-Kansai, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Penang, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Subic Bay, Sydney, Tokyo-Narita
Korean Air Cargo Seoul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Chongqing, Delhi, Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur–International
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha[30]
Saudia Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing-Capital,[31] Wuhan, Zhengzhou
Turkish Airlines Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul-Atatürk
Yangtze River Express Dhaka, Hangzhou, Nanning, Taipei-Taoyuan, Xiamen

FedEx Asia-Pacific hub[edit]

On July 13, 2005, FedEx Express signed a contract with the airport authority to relocate its Asia-Pacific hub from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines to Baiyun airport. The new Asia-Pacific hub covers an area of approximate 63 hectares (160 acres), with a total floor space of 82,000 square metres (880,000 sq ft).[32] At the beginning of operation, the hub employed more than 800 people and operated 136 flights a week, providing delivery services among 20 major cities in Asia and linking these cities to more than 220 countries and territories in the world .[33] The Guangzhou hub was, at the time of the opening, the largest FedEx hub outside the United States,[32] but it was later surpassed by the expanded hub at Paris' Charles de Gaulle Airport.[34]

The hub has its own ramp control tower, a first for an international air express cargo company facility in China, which enables FedEx to control aircraft movements on the ground, aircraft parking plans as well as loading and unloading priorities. Included at the hub are a unique package and sorting system with 16 high-speed sorting lines, seven round-out conveyor belts and 90 primary and secondary document-sorting splits. With the new advanced system, up to 24,000 packages can be sorted an hour at the start of operations.[35]

Construction began in 2006 and the hub was originally scheduled to open on December 26, 2008. On November 17, 2008, after several months of testing, FedEx announced that the opening date was delayed to the first half of 2009 when the hub was expected to be fully operational. FedEx claimed that the revised operation date "provided FedEx with the necessary time to fully test all systems and processes, as well as work closely with the Guangzhou authorities to ensure all necessary approvals are in place".[35]

On December 17, 2008, the hub completed its first flight operations test. A FedEx MD-11 aircraft took off from Subic Bay International Airport in the Philippines and landed at Baiyun Airport at 5:50 am. The flight was handled by the new FedEx hub team, using the FedEx ramp control tower and the new 24,000 package per hour sort system. Following a successful operations' process, the flight departed on time for its final destination at Charles de Gaulle Airport in Paris, France. This Asia-Europe flight route operated four times per week during test run. FedEx also announced that the hub would start operation on February 6, 2009.[36]

FedEx closed its 13-year-old Asia-Pacific hub at Subic Bay of northern Philippines on February 6, 2009 with the last flight leaving for Taiwan just before dawn, while hub operations have moved to Baiyun Airport.[37] The first flight that arrived at the new FedEx Asia-Pacific hub originated from Indianapolis International Airport. The MD-11 aircraft landed at 11:07 pm at Baiyun International Airport from Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Paris, marking the opening and full operations of the new Asia-Pacific hub.[38]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo
(tons)
2010[39] 40,975,673 329,214 1,144,455.7
2011[40] 45,040,340 349,259 1,179,967.7
2012[41] 48,309,410 373,314 1,248,763.8
2013[42] 52,450,262 394,403 1,309,745.5
2014[43] 54,780,346 412,210 1,454,043.8
2015[44] 55,201,915 409,679 1,537,758.9

Ground transportation[edit]

Airport South metro station

Road[edit]

The airport is connected to downtown Guangzhou by the Airport Expressway.

Metro[edit]

Baiyun International Airport is served by the Airport South Station on Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro. In the future, The Airport North Station will be opened in sync with the Terminal 2.

Bus[edit]

There are 5 Airport Express lines and 6 Airport Non-stop lines to round-trip between airport and downtown. Buses will take passengers to city's major hotels, grand plaza and transportation center, such as Garden Hotel, Guangdong Hotel, CITIC Plaza, Haizhu Square, Tianhe Coach Station, Guangzhou North Station and so on.

To service passengers out of Guangzhou city, the airport also provides intra city bus service. The buses will take up passengers from/to Dongguan, Foshan, Zhongshan, Huizhou, Jiangmen and so on.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2014年全国机场生产统计公报 (in Chinese). Civil Aviation Administration of China. 2015-04-03. 
  2. ^ 在2011年广州地区交通邮电单位协调联席会议上的讲话 (in Chinese). 广州市交通委员会 (Guangzhou City Transport Commission). 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b c 白云机场高管谈扩建二期项目融资方案待定 (in Chinese). Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-11-06. 
  4. ^ Guangzhou Airport Set to Open Its 3rd Runway on Feb. 5. WCARN.com. 2015-01-10. Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  5. ^ "Baiyun Airport expansion project receives approval from NDRC". AvBuyer.com.cn. 2008-08-24. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  6. ^ "Air Madagascar resumes Guangzhou service from Feb 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 6 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "Bangkok Airways delays Koh Samui – China launch to Dec 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 6 September 2016. 
  8. ^ 【旅游季】多条新航线开通,出行更多选择
  9. ^ []http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s?src=3&timestamp=1470936263&ver=1&signature=5jjTCMOEf*8W7SOApfJUP*M2rBqDIGyP0XpMMOkOBxX7Bm10Ymui4Bb0czjSs2iIwdCbQ2jmPX4rVjqEj7VpQt*OfeX-IebTSUXv7bbi9ddUz0k-tdWQYd9O*STsSW0Q99NqBcjN-9XCLpUXFZiT7oTu49ltzC5PmINEk-802IM= 用洪荒之力,送TA一个“甲米”
  10. ^ http://www.traveldailymedia.com/239744/china-southern-to-start-flying-to-adelaide/
  11. ^ "China Southern Adds Guangzhou - Phu Quoc Service from July 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  12. ^ http://www.eturbonews.com/74528/tourism-push-malacca-malaysia-first-chinese-airline-staring-air-
  13. ^ "Hainan Airlines adds Da Nang service from Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 7 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "Jetstar Pacific delays Guangzhou launch to Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "This year there are 37 flights from China to Indonesia Tourism Dive Resort Manado". top-news.top. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "Oman Air delays Guangzhou launch to Dec 2016". Retrieved 11 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "Royal Jordanian extends Guangzhou service to Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  18. ^ "Spring Airlines adjusts planned Guangzhou international routes in Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "Spring Airlines Adds New Guangzhou International Routes from Sep 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  20. ^ http://www.lionairthai.com/en/Guang-Zhou
  21. ^ Liu, Jim (22 July 2016). "VIM Airlines Expand Guangzhou Charter Flights from August 2016". Airlineroute, Routesonline. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  22. ^ "貨物事業会社「株式会社ANA Cargo」が始動します|プレスリリース|企業情報|ANA". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  23. ^ http://www.ana.co.jp/cargo/en/int/news/schedule/2013/131206.html
  24. ^ "China Southern Cargo Adds New Routes in W14". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  25. ^ China Southern begins Guangzhou-Frankfurt freighter service | Air Cargo World News. Aircargoworld.com (2013-07-25). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  26. ^ http://www.stanstedairport.com/about-us/media-centre/press-releases/china-southern-joins-stansted-s-cargo-network/
  27. ^ "New cargo flight to Los Angeles - People's Daily Online". English.peopledaily.com.cn. 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  28. ^ "China Southern Cargo Adds New European Routes from late-June 2015". Airlineroute.net. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  29. ^ DVV Media Group GmbH. "China Southern Airlines adds Vienna to B777-200 Frankfurt freighter". Air Cargo News. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo commences operations to three new destinations". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  31. ^ 图片 顺丰快递7月1日新开通"广州——北京航线" 民航新闻 民航资源网. News.carnoc.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  32. ^ a b "FedEx Expands Leadership in Asia Pacific with Plan to Build Region's Largest Air Cargo Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2005-07-13. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  33. ^ "FedEx Express Guangzhou Hub Fact Sheet" (Press release). FedEx. May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  34. ^ "The Roissy-Charles de Gaulle (CDG) Hub" (PDF) (Press release). FedEx. February 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  35. ^ a b "New FedEx Asia-Pacific Hub Prepares for Opening" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  36. ^ "FedEx Initiates Flight Operations Test at its New Asia Pacific Hub in Baiyun International Airport in Guangzhou" (Press release). FedEx. 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2008-12-19. 
  37. ^ "FedEx closes hub in Philippines". AFP. 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  38. ^ "FedEx Express Opens New Asia Pacific Hub in Guangzhou, China" (Press release). FedEx. 2009-02-09. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  39. ^ "2010年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
  40. ^ "2011年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2013. 
  41. ^ "2012年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  42. ^ "2013年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  43. ^ "2014年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 3 April 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  44. ^ "2015年全国机场吞吐量排名". Civil Aviation Administration of China. 31 March 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 

External links[edit]