Guangzhou South railway station

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Guangzhounan
广州南
China Railway High-speed
Guangzhou Metro
GuangZhouNanStation.jpg
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese广州南站
Traditional Chinese廣州南站
General information
Other namesGuangzhou South
LocationNanzhan Road, Panyu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong
China
Coordinates22°59′15″N 113°16′07″E / 22.987472°N 113.268586°E / 22.987472; 113.268586Coordinates: 22°59′15″N 113°16′07″E / 22.987472°N 113.268586°E / 22.987472; 113.268586
Operated byGuangzhou Railway Group
Line(s)
Platforms
  • CRH; 13 island platforms and 2 side platforms
  • Metro; 1 island platform and 2 side platforms
Tracks
  • CRH; 28
  • Metro; 4
Connections
  • Bus terminal
Construction
Structure type
  • Elevated (main line)
  • Underground (Guangzhou Metro)
History
Opened
  • 30 January 2010 (2010-01-30) (main line)
  • 25 September 2010 (2010-09-25) (Guangzhou Metro line 2)
  • 28 December 2017 (2017-12-28) (Guangzhou Metro line 7)
Services
Preceding station   Guangzhou Metro   Following station
TerminusLine 2
TerminusLine 7
New Guangzhou station
Traditional Chinese新廣州站
Simplified Chinese新广州站
Shibi station
Chinese石壁站


Guangzhou South railway station (Chinese: 广州南站), also known as New Guangzhou station (新广州站) or Shibi station (石壁站), is located in Shibi, Panyu District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. It is a large modern rail terminal 17 kilometres south of central Guangzhou. For a brief time it was Asia's largest railway station (by area) when it officially opened operations in early 2010.[1]

The station, designed by TFP Farrells, remains the largest in Guangzhou. It is one of the four largest railway passenger transportation hubs in China.[2][3] It is an interchange station and a terminus between Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL, Guangzhou-Maoming Railway, Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Railway and Beijing-Guangzhou HSR.[4][5][6] This station is intended to replace the existing Guangzhou railway station in being the dominant station in Guangzhou. Together with Guangzhou main station, Guangzhou East and Guangzhou North railway stations, they will be jointly form one of six planned National Railway Passenger Transportation Centres by the Chinese Ministry of Railways.[7] Expected 2020 passenger delivery volume will be 80.14 million passengers.

Guangzhou South railway station is also a comprehensive transportation hub; passengers can interchange between high-speed long distance trains, Metro, long distance and local buses, taxi, etc. Guangzhou Metro Line 2 and Line 7 subway lines are located at or near the bottom of station complex Metro station. The formation of a centralized transfer center will see connections with the future Guangzhou Metro Lines 18 & 20, as well as the FMetro Line 2.[8]

History[edit]

  • December 30, 2004 - Construction commenced.[9]
  • January 30, 2010 - Partial opening of the station with services north to Wuhan[10]
  • September 25, 2010 - Metro station opened
  • December 26, 2011 - Service to Shenzhen North commences
  • December 26, 2012 - Service to Beijing West commences
  • December 26, 2014 - Services to Nanning East and Guiyang North commences

Station structure[edit]

Platforms
3F Departure Level
1F Arrivals Level
Level 3 Elevated Waiting Area Ticket Offices and Security Checkpoint
Level 2 Platforms VIP Waiting Rooms, HK departure Customs and Immigration
Level 1 Arrivals Hall
HK arrivals Customs and Immigration
Ticket Offices
Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway Waiting Room
Bus and Airport Shuttle
Underground Ground Transportation Level Bus
Metro rail interchange
Taxi, Car Parking

The total construction area of the station is 370,000 square metres. The whole building including the main station house is under a single canopy with no pillar support. It was built with a total investment of 13 billion yuan. The total station construction amounted to use of 79,000 tons of steel, about 1.7 times the amount of steel required for the Beijing National Stadium (Bird's Nest Stadium), as well as the use of 1.5 million cubic meters of concrete.

28 tracks serve 15 platforms, including 13 island platforms and two side platform. Station building area is of approximately 168,000 square meters ( calculated only waiting room, ticket hall and other railway passenger facilities ). Station waiting room using online elevated structures, including two station house and stuff Elevated house, and set before overhead and drop-off station platforms. The total height of the whole building stations rises to more than 50 meters, with a large central arch structure across a 64-metre span. In addition, the station roof has an installed area of about 2,000 square metres of solar panels, directing power to the station.

The main structure consists of 4 layers, including three above ground and a basement level. The underground basement level contains the Guangzhou Metro and future Foshan Metro station hall, as well as to provide 1,808 parking spaces. The ground floor is mostly the arrivals hall and also the Hong Kong cross border port of entry and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport transfer hall. The second floor has a hall and a VIP waiting rooms, as well as the platform layer; arranged in order from east to west, these are used by southbound Beijing-Guangzhou services, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong trains, northbound Beijing-Guangzhou services, Guangzhou-Zhuhai intercity trains, Guangzhou-Maoming intercity trains, Guangzhou-Xian trains, Guangzhou-Nanning, and Guangzhou-Guizhou trains. Level three features an elevated passenger waiting room, of 71,722 square meters, plus an area 14,694 square meters of commercial space. The station also has space reserved for future high speed and local rail developments, such as the Guangzhou Zhaoming Intercity Railway.

Guangzhou Metro[edit]

Metro Station Hall
Platform of Metro
Entrance I2
G - Arrival hall of Guangzhou South Railway Station
L1
Concourse
Lobby Customer Service, Shops, Vending machines, ATMs, Nursery
L2
Platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Platform 2  2  termination platform
Platform 1  2  towards Jiahewanggang (Shibi)
Island platform, doors will open on the right (Line 2 & Line 7)
Platform 4  7  termination platform
Platform 3  7  towards Higher Education Mega Center South (Shibi)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Exits[edit]

Exit number Exit location
Exit B Guangzhounan railway station (Arrival, West Hall)
Exit C Guangzhounan railway station (Departure for Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Railway only, Tickets, West Entrance)
Exit D Guangzhounan railway station (Arrival)
Exit E Guangzhounan railway station (Tickets, West Entrance)
Exit F Guangzhounan railway station (Arrival)
Exit G Guangzhounan railway station (Tickets, East Entrance)
Exit H Guangzhounan railway station (Arrival)
Exit I I2 Nanzhan Nanlu
Exit J Guangzhounan railway station (Tickets, East Entrance)
Exit K Guangzhounan railway station (Tickets, West Entrance)
Exit L Guangzhounan railway station (Departure for Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Railway only, Tickets, West Entrance)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" 亚洲最大火车站广州南站正式开通运营 (in Chinese). Sina News. 31 January 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Better late than never". Archived from the original on 13 July 2008. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
  3. ^ 廣州新火車站選址番禺](2006年3月14日),新浪網 (in Chinese). Sina Corp Hong Kong. 14 March 2006.
  4. ^ Guangzhou plans new rail station
  5. ^ "New Guangzhou (Shibi) Station" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
  6. ^ 珠三角建城际轨道交通网 广州至深圳将如坐公交 (in Chinese). Sina Corp. 31 December 2004.
  7. ^ 广州铁路新客站规划建全国大铁路客运枢纽 (4-29) (in Chinese). 19 July 2006.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ 4条地铁线直通广州新火车站 (in Chinese). Xinhua News. 19 April 2009.
  9. ^ 新广州火车站今动工,铁路四大客运中心呼之欲出 Archived 2015-02-04 at the Wayback Machine.-南方网
  10. ^ 武广线广州南站开始“封顶” Archived 24 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine.-新华网广东频道
Preceding station   ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext.svg China Railway High-speed   Following station
towards Beijing West
Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway
TerminusGuangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway
towards Zhuhai