Guanidine nitrate

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Not to be confused with Nitroguanidine.
Guanidine nitrate
Guanidinium nitrate.png
Ball-and-stick models of the constituent ions
Names
IUPAC name
Guanidinium nitrate
Identifiers
506-93-4 YesY
ChemSpider 10049 YesY
EC Number 208-060-1
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
PubChem 10481
Properties
CH6N4O3
Molar mass 122.1
Appearance White solid
Density 1.436 g/cm3
Melting point 213 °C (415 °F; 486 K)
Boiling point Decomposes below boiling point
160 g/l at 20 °C
Hazards
Safety data sheet MSDS
Oxidizing Agent O
R-phrases R20 R21 R22 R36 R38
NFPA 704
Flammability code 1: Must be pre-heated before ignition can occur. Flash point over 93 °C (200 °F). E.g., canola oil Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 4: Readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition at normal temperatures and pressures. E.g., nitroglycerin Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Guanidine nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula [C(NH2)3]NO3. It is a colorless, water-soluble salt. It is produced on a large scale as high energy fuel used as gas generator and solid rocket propellant applications. Its more official name is guanidinium nitrate, but the incorrect term guanidine nitrate is widely used.

Production and properties[edit]

Although it is the salt formed by neutralizing guanidine with nitric acid, guanidine nitrate is produced industrially by the reaction of dicyandiamide (or calcium salt) and ammonium nitrate.[1]

It has been used as a monopropellant in the Jetex engine for model airplanes. It is attractive because it has a high gas output and low flame temperature. It has a relatively high monopropellant specific impulse of 177 seconds (1.7 kN·s/kg).[note 1]

Safety[edit]

The compound is hazardous substance, being an explosive and containing an oxidant (nitrate). It is also harmful to the eyes, skin, and inhalation.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1000 lbf/in2 (700 kPa) chamber pressure, 14.7 lbf/in2 (101 kPa) exit pressure, shifting equilibrium theoretical performance.
  1. ^ a b Thomas Güthner, Bernd Mertschenk and Bernd Schulz "Guanidine and Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a12_545.pub2

External links[edit]