Guaporé River

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This article is about the river. For other uses, see Guaporé (disambiguation).
Guaporé River
Iténez River
Rio Guaporé em Pontes e Lacerda1.JPG
Rio Guaporé at Pontes e Lacerda (Brazil)
Countries Bolivia, Brazil
Tributaries
 - left Alegre River, Verde River, Paragúa River, Río Blanco, Machupo River
 - right Guatire River, Branco River, Corumbiara River, Colorado River, Massaco River, Cabixi River
Source Parecis plateau
 - location Mato Grosso, Brazil
 - elevation 631 m (2,070 ft)
 - coordinates 14°35′58″S 58°57′11″W / 14.59944°S 58.95306°W / -14.59944; -58.95306
Mouth Mamoré River
 - location Brazil/Bolivia
 - elevation 131 m (430 ft)
 - coordinates 11°53′15″S 65°1′53″W / 11.88750°S 65.03139°W / -11.88750; -65.03139Coordinates: 11°53′15″S 65°1′53″W / 11.88750°S 65.03139°W / -11.88750; -65.03139
Length 1,210 km (750 mi) [1]
Basin 266,460 km2 (102,880 sq mi)
Discharge mouth
 - average 1,530 m3/s (54,030 cu ft/s)
Guaporerivermap.png
Map of the Amazon Basin with the Guaporé River highlighted

Guaporé River (Portuguese: Rio Guaporé) is a river in western Brazil and northeastern Bolivia. Its Bolivian name is Río Iténez. It is 1,530 km (950 mi) long; 970 km (600 mi) of the river forms the border between Brazil and Bolivia.

The Guaporé River is part of the Madeira River basin, which eventually empties into the Amazon River. The Guaporé River crosses the eastern part of the Beni savanna region.[2] It forms the border of the 615,771 hectares (1,521,600 acres) Guaporé Biological Reserve, and is fed by rivers originating in the reserve, the São Miguel, Branco, São Simão, Massaco and Colorado.[3]

About 260 fish species are known from the Guaporé River basin, and about 25 of these are endemic.[4] While many fish species in the river essentially are Amazonian, the fauna in the Guaporé also has a connection with the Paraguay River (part of the Río de la Plata Basin). The Guaporé and the Paraguay, while flowing in different directions, both originate in the Parecis plateau of Brazil.[5] Among the fish species shared between these rivers are the black phantom tetra (important in the aquarium industry) and golden dorado (important in fisheries).[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ziesler, R.; Ardizzone, G.D. (1979). "Amazon River System". The Inland waters of Latin America. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 92-5-000780-9. Archived from the original on 8 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Robin Sears and Robert Langstroth. "Central South America: Northern Bolivia". Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands. WWF. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Unidade de Conservação: Reserva Biológica do Guaporé (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-04-26 
  4. ^ Hales, J., and P. Petry (2013). Guapore - Itenez. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World. Retrieved 28 February 2013
  5. ^ Ohara, W.M.; and F.C.T. Lima (2015). Moenkhausia uirapuru, a new species from the upper rio Guaporé, Chapada dos Parecis, Mato Grosso, Brazil (Teleostei: Characidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 26(2): 159-170.
  6. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Hyphessobrycon megalopterus" in FishBase. May 2013 version.
  7. ^ Ziegler, M.F. (29 April 2013). Estudo descobre 78 novas espécies de peixes no Rio Madeira. Ultimosegundo.com. Retrieved 28 February 2017.