Guaporé River

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This article is about the river. For other uses, see Guaporé (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 11°53′15″S 65°01′53″W / 11.88750°S 65.03139°W / -11.88750; -65.03139
Guaporé
Iténez
River
Rio Guaporé em Pontes e Lacerda1.JPG
Rio Guaporé at Pontes e Lacerda (Brazil)
Countries Brazil, Bolivia
Tributaries
 - left Alegre River, Verde River, Paragúa River, Río Blanco, Machupo River
 - right Guatire River, Branco River, Corumbiara River, Colorado River, Massaco River, Cabixi River
Source Parecis plateau
 - elevation 631 m (2,070 ft)
 - coordinates 14°35′58″S 58°57′11″W / 14.59944°S 58.95306°W / -14.59944; -58.95306
Mouth
 - location Mamoré River, Brazil/Bolivia
 - elevation 131 m (430 ft)
 - coordinates 11°53′15″S 65°01′53″W / 11.88750°S 65.03139°W / -11.88750; -65.03139
Length 1,530 km (950 mi)
Basin 266,460 km2 (102,880 sq mi)
Discharge mouth
 - average 1,530 m3/s (54,030 cu ft/s)
Map of the Amazon Basin with the Guaporé River highlighted

Guaporé River (Portuguese: Rio Guaporé) is a river in western Brazil and northeastern Bolivia. Its Bolivian name is Río Iténez. It is 1,530 km (950 mi) long; 970 km (600 mi) of the river forms the border between Brazil and Bolivia.

The Guaporé River is part of the Madeira River basin, which eventually empties into the Amazon River. The Guaporé River crosses the eastern part of the Beni savanna region.[1]

About 260 fish species are known from the Guaporé River basin, and about 25 of these are endemic.[2] While many fish species in the river essentially are Amazonian, the fauna in the Guaporé also has a connection with the Paraguay River (part of the Paraná River basin). The Guaporé and the Paraguay, while flowing in different directions, originate in the same region of Brazil. Among the fish species shared between these are the black tetra and black phantom tetra, which both are important in the aquarium industry.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robin Sears and Robert Langstroth. "Central South America: Northern Bolivia". Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas and Shrublands. WWF. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Hales, J., and P. Petry (2013). Guapore - Itenez. Freshwater Ecoregions of the World. Retrieved 28 February 2013
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Gymnocorymbus ternetzi" in FishBase. February 2013 version.
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Hyphessobrycon megalopterus" in FishBase. May 2013 version.