|Location in Bolivia|
|Capital||Ascención de Guarayos|
|Population density||0.9 inhabitants/km² (2001)|
Guarayos is one of fifteen provinces in the Santa Cruz Department. It borders Beni Department in the north and northwest, Ichilo Province and Obispo Santistevan Province in the southwest, and Ñuflo de Chávez Province in the south and east.
The Province is situated between 13° 58' and 16° 30' south, and 62° 29' and 64° 44' west, its extension from east to west is up to 320 km, from north to west circa 380 km.
Part of the province is inhabited by indigenous people, called Guarayos "savages". The current indigenous inhabitants seem to have settled here beginning with the 16th century. The province's population went up from 17,697 (census 1992) to 31,577 (census 2001) and 38,448 (estimation 2005).
|1st||Ascención de Guarayos Municipality||Ascención de Guarayos|
|2nd||El Puente Municipality||El Puente|