Guardian of Scotland

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Great Seal appointed for the Government of the Realm after death of King Alexander III.

The Guardians of Scotland were regents who governed the Kingdom of Scotland from 1286 until 1292 and from 1296 until 1306. During the many years of minority in Scotland's subsequent history, there were many guardians of Scotland and the post was a significant constitutional feature in the course of development for politics in the country.

Guardians of Scotland during the First Interregnum 1286–1292[edit]

In a letter (written in Old French) from the Scots Parliament of 1290, sitting at Birgham, confirming the Treaty of Salisbury, the guardians of Scotland are listed as:[1]

"... Guillaume de Seint Andreu et Robert de Glasgu evesques, Johan Comyn et James Seneschal de Escoce, gardeins du reaume de Escoce..."

English translation: "William [Fraser] of St Andrews and Robert [Wishart] of Glasgow bishops, John Comyn and James the Steward of Scotland, guardians of the kingdom of Scotland".

Guardians of Scotland during the Second Interregnum 1296–1306[edit]

Guardians of the Kingdom of Scotland
(Time in office)
Sir William Wallace and Andrew de Moray
Sir Robert the Bruce
John Comyn III
William de Lamberton
Sir Ingram de Umfraville
Sir John de Soules

Guardians during the minority and reign of David II[edit]

The Guardians during the minority and reign of David II were:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Margaret: Manuscript - 1290, 14 March, Birgham - Parliamentary Records - Letters: confirmation of the treaty of Salisbury" (in Old French and English). Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2009-10-03.


  • Mack, James Logan (1926). The Border Line. Pub. Oliver & Boyd. pp. 317–322.
  • McNaught, Duncan (1912). Kilmaurs Parish and Burgh. Pub. A.Gardner. p. 9.

External links[edit]