Guardians of the Galaxy (1969 team)
|Guardians of the Galaxy|
The Guardians of the Galaxy as featured in Guardians of the Galaxy #1 (June 1990).
Art by Jim Valentino
|First appearance||Marvel Super-Heroes #18 (January 1969)|
|Created by||Stan Lee|
USS Captain America
|Member(s)||List of Guardians of the Galaxy members|
Roy Thomas recounted,
'Guardians of the Galaxy' started out as an idea of mine: about super-guerrillas fighting against Russians and Red Chinese who had taken over and divided the USA. I got a sort of general approval out of [editor-in-chief] Stan [Lee] (I think), and gave the idea to Arnold Drake, since I had not time to write and research it. Arnold went in for a conference with Stan, and Stan (maybe Arnold, too) decided to change it to an interplanetary situation. All the characters and situations in Guardians were created by Arnold and/or Stan.
The team first appeared in the partial reprint title Marvel Super-Heroes with issue #18 (Jan. 1969), written by Arnold Drake and penciled by Gene Colan. Despite strong sales on this issue, the Guardians of the Galaxy would not appear again for over five years, in Marvel Two-In-One #4–5 (July–Sept. 1974). The story's writer, Steve Gerber, liked the team enough to use them again in Giant Size Defenders #5 and Defenders #26–29 (July–Nov. 1975). In each case, other heroes such as Captain America, the Thing, and the Defenders aid them in their war against the alien Badoon, necessitating the liberal use of time travel in these stories.
The Guardians were finally given their own series, Marvel Presents, starting with issue #3 (Feb. 1976). Steve Gerber, still handling the writing chores, reflected, "Most of the stories I was scripting were set in the present. I wanted to do something that combined the standard superhero elements with something a little different, so that I could give my imagination a bit more play. We had Dave Cockrum redesign the costumes, we created a new starship for them to pilot, and we revised the premise of the strip, so that they were no longer fighting the Badoon on Earth, and sent them off amongst the stars." Gerber left the series after seven issues, leaving Roger Stern to take over with Marvel Presents #10. The series was cancelled shortly afterwards due to poor sales, with the final issue being #12 (August 1977). This was followed by a series of appearances in Thor Annual #6 (1977), The Avengers #167–177 (Jan.–Nov. 1978) and #181 (March 1979), Ms. Marvel #23, Marvel Team-Up #86 (Oct. 1979), and Marvel Two-in-One #61–63 & #69 (Nov. 1980). Marvel Two-in-One #69 drastically changed the Guardians of the Galaxy story; due to changes made to the past of one of the members, the future which the Guardians of the Galaxy come from and the mainstream Marvel Universe are permanently separated, becoming alternate timelines to each other. After this, the Guardians of the Galaxy were absent from published stories for over a decade.
In 1989, Marvel editor-in-chief Tom DeFalco decided to revive the Guardians of the Galaxy in order to cash in on the soaring popularity of the TV series Star Trek: The Next Generation. DeFalco worked out a series concept using a new team of Guardians, but when he saw a series proposal for the original team that Jim Valentino had coincidentally been working on at the same time, he green lit Valentino's idea instead. The Guardians' first self-titled comic launched in June 1990 and ran for 62 issues. This series was initially written and illustrated by Valentino, who deliberately gave it an action-oriented, "fun" feel that stood out from the typical "grim 'n' gritty" comics of the 1990s. Though Valentino had plotted the series ahead as far as issue #50, his run was cut short when he co-founded Image Comics. Having taken on two new series and the foundation of a publication company, Valentino asked editor Craig Anderson if he could switch to just writing Guardians of the Galaxy, and in response Anderson dismissed him from the series.
With issue #29 (Oct. 1992) Michael Gallagher commenced writing the title, and continued until its cancellation with issue #62 (July 1995). According to Kevin West, who became the penciller with issue #30 (Nov. 1992), he and Gallagher worked together closely on the series, employing the Marvel method of creation, and soon became good friends. A spin-off four-issue miniseries, Galactic Guardians (July–Oct. 1994), also by Gallagher and West, appeared during this time. West explained why he did not draw the final issue of Guardians of the Galaxy: "When I heard we were getting the hook, I naturally started looking for a new job. I ended up at Malibu. There was a hold-up getting the Guardians plot finished so by the time I got it, I had to pass because I had a Malibu deadline to meet. Arrgh. Despite any minor qualms I had, I really did enjoy working on the series."
A second volume was published in May 2008, written by Dan Abnett and Andy Lanning. The title, set in a different timeline, features a new team, drawn from participants in the Annihilation: Conquest storyline. The 1969 team made guest appearances in #12–17 and #25.
A new ongoing series starring the original Guardians, titled Guardians 3000 and written by Abnett, launched in 2014.
Fictional team history
The Guardians are active in the 31st century in an alternative time-line of the Marvel Universe known as Earth-691. The original members of the team include Major Vance Astro (later known as Major Victory), an astronaut from 20th century Earth who spends a thousand years travelling to Alpha Centauri in suspended animation. He is also the future alternative universe counterpart of Vance Astrovik, the hero known as Justice.
Other original team members are Martinex T'Naga, a crystalline being from Pluto; Captain Charlie-27, a soldier from Jupiter; and Yondu Udonta, a blue-skinned "noble savage" from Centauri-IV (the fourth planet orbiting the star Alpha Centauri B). Each is apparently the last of their kind and they are forced to unite as a team against the actions of the Badoon, an alien race which attempts to conquer Earth's solar system.
During the course of the war against the Badoon, the team gains three more members—the mysterious husband and wife duo, Starhawk and Aleta, as well as Nikki, a genetically engineered young girl from Mercury seeking excitement in her life—and travel back in time, where they encounter several of the heroes of 20th century Earth, including Captain America and the Thing.
The Guardians eventually defeat the Badoon, but soon find themselves facing a new foe called Korvac, who was in part a creation of the Badoon. After teaming with the Thunder God Thor to defeat Korvac in the 31st century, the Guardians then follow Korvac to 20th century mainstream Earth, where together with the Avengers they fight a final battle.
The Guardians reappear years later and have a series of adventures in their future, with several others eventually joining the team: the Inhuman Talon, the Skrull Replica, the second Yellowjacket (alias Rita DeMara of the 20th century), and an aged Simon Williams (now called Hollywood, Man of Wonder).
Wanting to expand the Guardians to a multiple team organization, Martinex eventually leaves the team to look for additional members for a second unit, nicknamed the Galactic Guardians.
Connection to the "Modern" Guardians
During their second mission, the team that was to become the Earth-616 incarnation of the Guardians discover a time displaced Vance Astro in a block of ice floating in space. It is his introduction as "Major Victory of the Guardians of the Galaxy" that inspires the team to take up the name. In #7 and #16 of the series, it was revealed a great "error" in the present day has caused the future to be destroyed—Starhawk is constantly trying to prevent it by time travel, causing the future (and the Guardians) to be altered. Only Starhawk, who is changed with each reboot but is "one who knows" about the changes, realizes anything is different, but each change still ends in a cataclysm. In #17, the universe of the Guardians' future had been taken over by the alien race called the Badoon, and only a small portion remained undestroyed. The Guardians sent a warning to the present day, though at the cost of the end of their own universe.
The Vance Astro of the modern-day Guardians is revealed to be a Major Victory from one of these altered futures, rather than the original. A second alternate Vance Astro appears in #17.
In other media
- The original Guardians appear as playable characters in a DLC pack for Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2 called Classic Guardians of the Galaxy.
- Various members of the original Guardians of the Galaxy team are featured in the film Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2, including Michael Rooker as Yondu Udonta (who was also in the first film), Sylvester Stallone as Stakar Ogord, Michael Rosenbaum as Martinex T'Naga, Ving Rhames as Charlie-27, Michelle Yeoh as Aleta Ogord, Krugarr and an uncredited Miley Cyrus as the voice of Mainframe. They are revealed to be an interstellar group of thieves, smugglers, and pirates known as the Ravagers. The Ravagers are broken into groups that follow a strong code and work ethic. Yondu broke the code by transporting children to Ego unaware of his evil intent. Upon learning of the truth, he saved Peter Quill from the same fate. Nevertheless, his actions resulted in Stakar exiling Yondu's faction from the rest of the Ravagers. In the film's climax, Yondu sacrifices himself to save Quill, earning the respect of the rest of the Ravagers and convincing them to get back together and form their own team.
- Guardians of the Galaxy: Earth Shall Overcome (978-0785137863): Collects Marvel Super-Heroes #18, Marvel Two-in-One #4–5, Giant-Size Defenders #5, and Defenders #26–29.
- Guardians of the Galaxy: The Power of Starhawk (9780785137887): Collects Marvel Presents #3–12.
- Guardians of the Galaxy: Tomorrow's Avengers Vol. 1 (978-0785166870): Collects Marvel Super Heroes #18, Marvel Two-In-One #4–5, Giant -Size Defenders #5, Defenders #26–29, Marvel Presents 3–12
- Guardians of the Galaxy: Tomorrow's Avengers Vol. 2 (978-0785167556): Collects Thor Annual #6; Avengers #167–168, 170–177, 181; Ms. Marvel #23; Marvel Team-Up #86; Marvel Two-In-One #61–63, 69
- Guardians of the Galaxy: Quest for the Shield (0871358794): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #1–6. Released in February, 1992.
- Guardians of the Galaxy by Jim Valentino Vol. 1 (978-0785184201): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #1–7 and Annual #1, plus material from Fantastic Four Annual #24, Thor Annual #16 and Silver Surfer Annual #4
- Guardians of the Galaxy by Jim Valentino Vol. 2 (978-0785185635): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #8–20
- Guardians of the Galaxy by Jim Valentino Vol. 3 (978-0785198123): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #21–29, Annual #2, Marvel Super-Heroes #18
- Guardians of the Galaxy Classic by Jim Valentino Omnibus (978-1302904395): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #1–29, Annual #1–2, and Marvel Super-Heroes #18, plus material from Fantastic Four Annual #24, Thor Annual #16 and Silver Surfer Annual #4
- Guardians of the Galaxy Classic: In the Year 3000 Vol. 1 (978-1302900618): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #30–39, Annual #3, and material from Marvel Comics Present #134
- Guardians of the Galaxy Classic: In the Year 3000 Vol. 2 (978-1302902148): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #40–50, Galactic Guardians #1–4, and material from Annual #4
- Guardians of the Galaxy Classic: In the Year 3000 Vol. 3 (978-1302904432): Collects Guardians of the Galaxy #51–62, and material from Annual #4
- Guardians 3000 Vol. 1: Time After Time (978-0785193128): Collects Guardians 3000 #1–5, and material from Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 #13
- Korvac Saga: Warzones! (978-0785193135): Collects Guardians 3000 #6–8, Korvac Saga #1–4
- Buttery, Jarrod (July 2013). "Explore the Marvel Universe of the 31st Century with... the Guardians of the Galaxy". Back Issue!. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing (65): 24–35.
- DeFalco, Tom; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1960s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. Dorling Kindersley. p. 134. ISBN 978-0756641238.
The Guardians of the Galaxy were a science-fiction version of the group from the movie Dirty Dozen (1967) and were created by writer Arnold Drake and artist Gene Colan.
- Guardians of the Galaxy vol. 2, #1 (May 2008)
- "Marvel's Original Guardians of the Galaxy Get Ongoing Guardians 3000 Series in October". Newsarama. June 25, 2014. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
- Marvel Two-in-One #4–5 (July–September [bi-monthly] 1974)
- Thor Annual #6 (1977)
- Avengers #167–177 (January–November 1978)
- Marvel Super-Heroes #18 (January 1969)
- Guardians of the Galaxy vol. 1, #62 (July 1995)
- Daniell, Mark (April 25, 2017). "Sylvester Stallone's 'Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2' character has a big future in the MCU". The Whig. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Keyes, Rob (April 20, 2017). "Kevin Feige & James Gunn Explain Stallone's Secret MCU Team". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on April 27, 2017. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Guardians of the Galaxy (Earth-691) at the Comic Book DB
- Guardians of the Galaxy (1990) at the Grand Comics Database
- Guardians of the Galaxy (1990) at the Comic Book DB
- Guardians of the Galaxy at the Big Comic Book DataBase
- Marvel Directory entry
- Friday Flashback: Guardians of the Galaxy, Newsarama, June 6, 2008
- Guardians of the Galaxy at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on September 1, 2016.