F.Allam. ex L.
Guarea is a genus of evergreen trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to tropical Africa and Central and South America. They are large trees 20–45 m tall, with a trunk over 1 m trunk diameter, often buttressed at the base. The leaves are pinnate, with 4–6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet present. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with 4–5 yellowish petals. The fruit is a four or five-valved capsule, containing several seeds, each surrounded by a yellow-orange fleshy aril; the seeds are dispersed by hornbills and monkeys which eat the fleshy aril.
- Selected species
The timber is important; the African species are known as bossé, guarea, or pink mahogany, and the South American species as cramantee or American muskwood. It is said to possibly cause hallucinations if ingested.
- Guarea glabra (Spanish).
- Guarea grandifolia (Spanish).
- "Scientists get dirt on mystery plant". STLtoday.com. 5 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-07. External link in
- United States Department of Agriculture: Germplasm Resources Information Network
- Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases
- C. W. Ballard (1922) Histology of cocillana and substitute barks. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association 11(10):781–787
- "Corinthos 1954–5". UK: Tate Gallery. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
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