Guasca

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For the plant named Guasca, see Galinsoga parviflora.
Guasca
Municipality and town
View of Guasca from the west
View of Guasca from the west
Flag of Guasca
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Guasca in the Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Guasca in the Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Guasca is located in Colombia
Guasca
Guasca
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°51′57″N 73°52′38″W / 4.86583°N 73.87722°W / 4.86583; -73.87722Coordinates: 4°51′57″N 73°52′38″W / 4.86583°N 73.87722°W / 4.86583; -73.87722
Country  Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Guavio Province
Founded 21 June 1600
Founded by Luis Enríquez
Government
 • Mayor Miguel Arturo Garavito Diaz
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 346 km2 (134 sq mi)
 • Urban 8.8 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Elevation 2,710 m (8,890 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 14,759
 • Density 43/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Urban 5,203
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Guasca is a Colombian town and municipality in the Guavio Province, part of the Cundinamarca Department located approximately 55 km from Bogotá passing through the town of La Calera, Cundinamarca or 65 km passing through Sopó. Guasca borders the municipalities Guatavita in the north, Junín in the east, in the south La Calera and Fómeque and in the west Sopó.[1]

History[edit]

Before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca of the central highlands of the Colombian Andes, the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, the area was inhabited by the Muisca who spoke Chibcha. Guasca was ruled by a cacique who was loyal to the cacique of Guatavita.[1] In the religion of the Muisca, the Siecha Lakes were considered sacred.[2]

Etymology[edit]

According to friar and Muisca scholar Bernardo de Lugo the name Guasca is derived from guâ, "mountain range" and shucâ; "skirt". The name thus means "skirt of the mountain range", indicating the position of the village with respect to the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes.[3]

Economy[edit]

Main economical activities of Guasca are agriculture; potatoes, carrots, flowers and strawberries and dairy farming.[1]

Tourism[edit]

Guasca is known for ecotourism and has access to Chingaza Natural National Park. Other natural areas are Los Encenillos and the Siecha Lakes. One of the oldest hotels and restaurants in the area is Café la Huerta.

Born in Guasca[edit]

Trivia[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Spanish) Official website Guasca - accessed 05-05-2016
  2. ^ Ocampo López, Javier (2013). Mitos y leyendas indígenas de Colombia [Indigenous myths and legends of Colombia] (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A. p. 226. ISBN 978-958-14-1416-1. 
  3. ^ (Spanish) Etymology Guasca according to Bernardo de Lugo - accessed 05-05-2016
  4. ^ Data related to Anapis at Wikispecies
  5. ^ Data related to Deinopis at Wikispecies
  6. ^ Data related to Dognina at Wikispecies

External links[edit]