Guatemala–India relations

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Guatemaala–India relations
Map indicating locations of Guatemala and India



Guatemala–India relations refers to the bilateral ties between India and Guatemala. The countries established diplomatic relations with each other in the 1970s, and have decided to open resident missions in the other country.[1]

Both nations are part of the Non-Aligned Movement.[citation needed]

Country comparison[edit]

Guatemala Republic of Guatemala India Republic of India
Coat of Arms Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg Emblem of India.svg
Flag Guatemala India
Population 16,176,133 1,311,420,165
Area 108,889 km2 (42,042 sq mi) 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)
Population Density 129/km2 (330/sq mi) 391.8/km2 (1,015/sq mi)
Capital Guatemala City New Delhi
Largest City Guatemala City – 2,110,100 (4,500,000 Metro) Mumbai – 12,442,373 (18,414,288 Metro)
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic Federal parliamentary
constitutional republic[2]
First Leaders President: Rafael Carrera President: Rajendra Prasad
Vice President: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Prime Minister:Jawaharlal Nehru
Current Leaders President: Jimmy Morales
Vice President: Jafeth Cabrera
President: Ram Nath Kovind
Vice President: Venkaiah Naidu
Prime Minister: Narendra Modi
Official languages Spanish
GDP (nominal) US$68.389 billion ($4.101 per capita) US$2.607 trillion ($1,965 per capita)

Diplomatic missions[edit]

Diplomatic relations between Guatemala and India were established in 1972. India opened its embassy in Guatemala City on 2 May 2011. Guatemala opened its embassy in New Delhi on 9 April 2013.[3][4]


According to the Ministry of Commerce of the Government of India, total trade between India and Guatemala was worth just $92 million in 2009-10, with India accounting for nearly $87 million worth of the trade or around 95%.[5]

Spice war[edit]

There is increased competition between in the production of cardamom between India and Guatemala, among other spices.[6][7] Some sources have referred to this as a "spice war."[8]

Illegal immigration[edit]

Due to the visa-free entry that Guatemala offers to Indian citizens,[9] there has been a report in the Daily Mail newspaper that a human trafficking network operates, which transports people from India to the United States, by first flying to Istanbul and then travelling on to Guatemala and finally to Texas.[10]


Further reading[edit]