Guatemalan general election, 2011

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Guatemalan presidential election, 2011
Guatemala
2007 ←
11 September 2011 (first round)
6 November 2011 (second round)
→ 2015

  Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg
Nominee Otto Pérez Molina Manuel Baldizón
Party PP LIDER
Popular vote 2,300,979 1,981,003
Percentage 53.74% 46.26%

President before election

Álvaro Colom
UNE

President-elect

Otto Pérez Molina
PP

Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Guatemala
Legislative
Judiciary
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General elections were held in Guatemala on 11 September 2011 in order to elect the President, Vice President, members of Congress, members of the Central American Parliament and mayors and councillors for all municipalities. The Patriotic Party emerged as the largest party in Congress, winning 56 of the 158 seats.

As no candidate received more than 50% of the vote, a second round of the presidential election was held on 6 November with Otto Pérez Molina of the PP facing Manuel Baldizón of Renewed Democratic Liberty. Pérez was elected with 53.7% of the vote.

Campaign[edit]

Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity and other leftist groups ran under the Broad Front of the Left banner, nominating Rigoberta Menchú as their presidential candidate.

Guatemala's high crime rate was a major issue in the campaign as it sits near the Mexican border that is a conduit for drug trafficking.

Baldizon campaigned on the premise of having Guatemala's football team to the World Cup. Additionally he also promised to tackle poverty and crime, as well as assure workers an extra month's salary every year. He also said he would reinstate the death penalty and televise executions.

Opinion polls[edit]

Polls showed Pérez Molina with a lead over other possible candidates.[1]

A poll for the second round showed Pérez Molina with 49.4% to Baldizón's 39.2%; 11% were undecided.[2] A second poll gave Pérez Molina 39.7% to Baldizón's 32.2%, with 28% undecided.[3] A third poll gave Pérez Molina the lead with 45.7% to Baldizón's 37.2% and 17.1% undecided.[4] A final poll had Pérez Molina ahead with 54.6%, Baldizón at 38.7% and undecided at 5.7%.[5]

Former Foreign Minister Edgar Gutierrez said that "the polling methods are inadequate. They've failed to capture how between 25 and 30 per cent of the people intend to vote."

Conduct[edit]

Amongst the oberservers for the election were Oscar Almengor, who led a team University of San Carlos.[6]

According to Article 186(c) of the Constitution, the relatives of the President cannot participate in the Presidential election when the relative holds the Presidency. Sandra Torres, former wife of the current president, got divorced to run for the presidency. There were several requests to have a warrant to forbid Sandra Torres from participating in the election. On 9 August 2011, the Constitutional Court upheld a sentence of the Supreme Court preventing Torres from running.[citation needed]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

On 6 November, Molina declared victory in the election saying that: "For all the Guatemalans who have put their trust in me, I thank you very much. To those Guatemalans who did not vote for Otto Perez, I make a call to unite and to work together in the next four years, leaving aside party colours." Turnout for the runoff was half that of the first round in some regions.[6]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Otto Pérez Molina Patriotic Party 1,611,493 36.01 2,300,979 53.74
Manuel Baldizón Renewed Democratic Liberty 1,038,287 23.20 1,981,003 46.26
Eduardo Suger Commitment, Renewal and Order 732,842 16.38
Mario Estrada National Change Union 383,643 8.57
Harold Caballeros Vision with ValuesEncuentro por Guatemala 275,475 6.16
Rigoberta Menchú Broad Front of the Left (WinaqURNG–MAIZANN) 146,353 3.27
Juan Gutiérrez National Advancement Party 123,648 2.76
Patricia de Arzú Unionist Party 97,381 2.18
Alejandro Giammattei Social Action Centre 46,395 1.04
Adela Camacho de Torrebiarte National Development Action 19,038 0.43
Invalid/blank votes 618,675 183,136
Total 5,093,230 100 4,465,118 100
Registered voters/turnout 7,340,841 69.38 7,340,841 60.83
Source: IFES, IFES

Congress[edit]

Of 158 congressmen to be elected, 126 congressmen sought re-election but only 56 were re-elected and 102 new congressmen were elected for the first time since democratic election took root in Guatemala. About 65% of MPs were first time representatives, which was the first time this occurred since the 1995 election.[citation needed]

Party Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Patriotic Party 1,171,337 26.62 +10.71 56 +26
National Unity of HopeGrand National Alliance 993,198 22.57 –16.57 48 –37
National Change Union 417,935 9.50 +5.44 14 +10
Renewed Democratic Liberty 390,319 8.87 New 14 New
Commitment, Renewal and Order 381,652 8.67 New 12 New
Vision with ValuesEncuentro por Guatemala 346,557 7.87 +1.70 6 +2
Broad Front of the Left (WinaqURNG-MAIZANN) 141,938 3.23 –1.39 3 +1
National Advancement Party 137,390 3.12 –1.46 2 –2
Guatemalan Republican Front 120,455 2.74 –7.06 1 –14
Unionist Party 118,788 2.70 –3.40 1 –7
Victory 71,501 1.62 New 1 New
Social Action Centre 47,390 1.08 –3.81 0 –5
National Development Action 39,251 0.89 New 0 New
National Convergence Front 23,272 0.53 New 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 689,047
Total 5,090,030 100 158 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,340,841 69.34
Source: IFES

References[edit]

External links[edit]