Guaynabo, Puerto Rico

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Guaynabo
City and Municipality
Guaynabo's Central Business District in 2013.
Guaynabo's Central Business District in 2013.
Flag of Guaynabo
Flag
Nicknames: 
"Ciudad de los Conquistadores", "Pueblo del Carnaval Mabó", "Primer Poblado de Puerto Rico"
Anthem: "Con Mi Pueblito Sabanero"
Location of Guaynabo in Puerto Rico
Location of Guaynabo in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°22′00″N 66°06′00″W / 18.36667°N 66.10000°W / 18.36667; -66.10000Coordinates: 18°22′00″N 66°06′00″W / 18.36667°N 66.10000°W / 18.36667; -66.10000
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded1769
Government
 • MayorÁngel Pérez Otero (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.1 - San Juan
 • Representative dist.6 / 9
Area
 • Total70.2 km2 (27.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total97,924
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Guaynabeño(s)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00965, 00966, 00968, 00969, 00971, 00970
Major routesPR primary 2.svg PR urban primary 1.svg PR urban primary 23.svg PR urban primary 165.svg PR urban primary 177.svg PR urban primary 199.svg Ellipse sign 19.svg Ellipse sign 24.svg Ellipse sign 28.svg Ellipse sign 169.svg Ellipse sign 173.svg Ellipse sign 174.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 20.svg PR primary 22.svg
Websiteguaynabocity.gov.pr

Guaynabo (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaiˈnaβo]) is a municipality in the northern part of Puerto Rico (US), located in the northern coast of the island, north of Aguas Buenas, south of Cataño, east of Bayamón, and west of San Juan. Guaynabo is spread over 9 wards and Guaynabo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the suburb).

Guaynabo is considered, along with its neighbors – San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Carolina, Cataño, Trujillo Alto, and Toa Baja – to be part of the San Juan metropolitan area. It is also part of the larger San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area, (the largest MSA in Puerto Rico).

The municipality has a land area of 27.13 square miles (70.3 km2) and a population of 97,924 as of the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The first European settlement in Puerto Rico, Caparra, was founded in 1508 by Juan Ponce de León in land that is today part of Guaynabo. Ponce de León resided there as first Spanish governor of Puerto Rico. This settlement was abandoned in 1521 in favor of San Juan. The ruins of Caparra remain and are a U.S. National Historic Landmark. The Museum of the Conquest and Colonization of Puerto Rico, which features artifacts from the site and others in Puerto Rico, is located on the grounds.

The municipality of Guaynabo was founded in 1769 by Pedro R. Davila (P.R.), after a struggle for division from the municipality of Bayamón. Previously, the municipality was known as "Buinabo", a name that means in Taíno "Aquí hay otro lugar de agua dulce" or "Here is another place of fresh water."

In October 2017, after a couple of hurricanes struck Guaynabo, including Hurricane Maria, President Donald Trump visited the area.

Geography[edit]

Guaynabo[1] is on the northern side.

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Guaynabo with the significant amount of rainfall.[2][3] Due to the municipality's fiscal difficulties, it wasn't until April 2, 2019, over a year and half later, that the overtime pay owed to municipal workers was paid.[4]

Barrios[edit]

Barrios of Guaynabo, Puerto Rico locator map

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Guaynabo is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a smaller barrio referred to as "el pueblo", located near the center of the municipality.[5][6][7][8]


Guaynabo's town square in Guaynabo barrio-pueblo.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
192010,800
193013,50225.0%
194018,31935.7%
195029,12059.0%
196039,71836.4%
197067,04268.8%
198080,74220.4%
199092,88615.0%
2000100,0537.7%
201097,924−2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1920-1930[10]
1930-1950[11] 1960-2000[12] 2010[7]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Museum of Transportation in Guaynabo
Scenic lookout at mirador Gavillan

Economy[edit]

Several businesses have their headquarters or local Puerto Rican branches in Guaynabo. El Nuevo Día,[13] Chrysler, Santander Securities, Puerto Rico Telephone, and many sales offices for large US and international firms (such as Total, Microsoft, Toshiba, Puma Energy and others) have their Puerto Rican headquarters in Guaynabo. WAPA-TV (Televicentro) and Univision Puerto Rico have their main studios in Guaynabo.

Iberia's San Juan-area offices are in Guaynabo.[14]

Special Communities Program[edit]

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[15] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[16] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[17][18] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Guaynabo: Amelia, Buen Samaritano, Camarones barrio, Corea, El Polvorín, Honduras, Jerusalén, Los Filtros, Sector El Laberinto, Sector La Pajilla, Sector Los Ratones (Camino Feliciano), Sector San Miguel, Trujillo, Sector Tomé, Vietnam,[19] and Villa Isleña.[16][20]

Crime[edit]

Carjackings have been an ongoing problem in Guaynabo, Puerto Rico[21][22][23][24][25] and in 2014 the FBI reported a carjacking that occurred in Camarones.[26]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 94
(34)
93
(34)
95
(35)
97
(36)
96
(36)
97
(36)
95
(35)
98
(37)
96
(36)
98
(37)
95
(35)
92
(33)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 84
(29)
85
(29)
86
(30)
87
(31)
88
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
90
(32)
90
(32)
89
(32)
87
(31)
85
(29)
90
(32)
Average low °F (°C) 67
(19)
67
(19)
67
(19)
69
(21)
72
(22)
73
(23)
73
(23)
74
(23)
73
(23)
73
(23)
71
(22)
68
(20)
67
(19)
Record low °F (°C) 50
(10)
45
(7)
45
(7)
60
(16)
59
(15)
55
(13)
55
(13)
60
(16)
62
(17)
60
(16)
55
(13)
50
(10)
45
(7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.79
(122)
3.30
(84)
3.52
(89)
5.80
(147)
7.17
(182)
4.54
(115)
6.70
(170)
6.44
(164)
7.39
(188)
6.79
(172)
8.06
(205)
6.39
(162)
70.89
(1,800)
Source: weather.com[27]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Three Reyes Festival - January
  • Mabó Carnival - March
  • Mothers Tribute - May
  • Patron Festivities - May
  • Salsa National Day - June
  • Bellas Artes Camp - June
  • Bomba & Plena Festival - October
  • Christmas Lighting - November
  • Christmas Balls Giveaway - December

Sports[edit]

Guaynabo's old BSN team, the Guaynabo Mets, won national championships in 1980, 1982 and 1989, commanded by the player whom the Mario Morales Coliseum was named after, Mario "Quijote" Morales. The Conquistadores de Guaynabo, or Guaynabo Conquistadores, are the Guaynabo Mets replacement and still play in the Mario Morales Coliseum. The Mets de Guaynabo are the local women's volleyball team that play in the LVSF, or The Liga de Voliebol Superior Femenino. They have not won any championships yet. They also play in the Mario Morales Coliseum. Guaynabo Fluminense FC is Guaynabo's professional soccer team that plays in the Puerto Rico Soccer League. The league started in 2008 and Guaynabo's current position in the league is 4th place. Guaynabo Fluminense FC play their matches at the Jose Bonano Stadium that was originally made for baseball, but became a soccer arena after the Puerto Rico Baseball League was cancelled for the 2008 season. It was at the same year that the Puerto Rico Soccer League was starting to take place. In the 2009 season, Guaynabo Fluminense FC moved to the Sixto Escobar Stadium.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates two post offices, Guaynabo and Caparra Heights, in Guaynabo.[28][29]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Metropolitan Detention Center, Guaynabo in Guaynabo.[30]

Some regions of the city belong to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district I while others belong to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district II. Both of the Districts are represented by two Senators. In 2016, Henry Neumann and Miguel Romero were elected as Senators for District I, while Migdalia Padilla and Carmelo Ríos have been serving as Senators for District II since being elected in 2004.[31]

Mayors[edit]

Mayors of Guaynabo from 1969 to present[edit]

Mayor Term Party
Ebenezer Rivera 1969–1979 New Progressive Party
Alejandro Cruz Ortiz 1979–1993 New Progressive Party
Héctor O'Neill García 1993–2017 New Progressive Party
Angel Pérez Otero 2017–present New Progressive Party

Mayors of Guaynabo from 1782 to 1969[edit]

Term Name
1782 Cayetano de la Sarna
1800 Pedro Dávila
1812 Dionisio Cátala
1816 Angel Umpierre
1818 Juan José González
1821 Joaquín Goyena
1822 José María Prosis
1823 Simón Hinonio
1825 José R. Ramírez
1827 Antonio Guzmán
1828 Genaro Oller
1836 Andrés Degal
1836 Agustín Rosario
1840 Francisco Hiques
1844 Martínez Díaz
1848 Tomás Cátla
1849 Andrés Vega
1852 Justo García
1856 José Tomás Sagarra
1857 Manuel Manzano
1859 Juan Floret
1859 José Francisco Chiques
1862 Segundo de Echeverte
1862 José de Murgas
1869 Juan J. Caro
1873 Benito Gómez
1874 Manuel Millones
1876 José Otero
1891 Juan Díaz de Barrio
1914 José Ramón
1914 José Carazo
1919 Narciso Val Llovera
1924 Zenón Díaz Valcárcel
1936 Dolores Valdivieso
1944 Augosto Rivera
1948 Jorge Gavillán Fuentes
1956 Juan Román
1964 José Rosario Reyes

Health facilities[edit]

Professional Hospital Guaynabo located on Felisa Rincón Avenue (formerly Las Cumbres Avenue), is the newest hospital infrastructure built in Puerto Rico. Guaynabo is the only city in Puerto Rico to have a hospital specialized in advanced vascular surgery.[32] Some of the first and newest procedures performed in Puerto Rico during 2009 were done in Professional Hospital Guaynabo, including the first AxiaLIF surgery for lumbar fusion.[33]

Transportation[edit]

The Tren Urbano has only one station in the municipality, Torrimar Station.

Guaynabo has a bus network called “Guaynabo City Transport”.

There are 63 bridges in Guaynabo.[34]

Education[edit]

The Japanese Language School of Puerto Rico (プエルトリコ補習授業校 Puerutoriko Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend Japanese school, previously held its classes in Guaynabo.[35] It closed in March 2006.[36]

International relations[edit]

Guaynabo serves as a host city to four foreign consulates with business in Puerto Rico:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Guaynabo Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ https://www.primerahora.com/noticias/gobierno-politica/nota/guaynaboculminapagoaempleadosdehorasextratrabajadasdurantemaria-1335127/
  5. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Map of Guaynabo" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  11. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Contáctanos - El Nuevo Día". www.elnuevodia.com. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Iberia Around the World." Iberia. Accessed September 11, 2008. "In the rest of the world - Puerto Rico" - "San Juan de Puerto Rico. City office - Metro Office Park Calle 1 Lote 3 Oficina 102 Guaynabo, Puerto Rico 00968."
  15. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  19. ^ https://aldia.microjuris.com/2014/05/15/vietnam-una-comunidad-marcada-por-la-expropiacion-forzosa/
  20. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  21. ^ "Carjacking en Guaynabo". La Perla del Sur. 3 March 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  22. ^ Rico, Metro Puerto. "Sacan familia de auto para hacer carjacking en Guaynabo". Metro. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  23. ^ PR, Por TELEMUNDO. "Video: Carjacking en centro comercial de Guaynabo - Telemundo Puerto Rico". Telemundo PR. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  24. ^ VOCERO, Nicole Candelaria, Especial para EL. "Investigan carjacking en Guaynabo". El Vocero de Puerto Rico. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  25. ^ "Mujer víctima de carjacking a punta de pistola en Guaynabo". Primera Hora. 19 January 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  26. ^ "Arrests of Elvin Manuel Otero Tarzia, Sebastian Angelo Saldana, Kevin Rivera Ruiz, and a Male Juvenile". FBI. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  27. ^ "Average Conditions Guaynabo". weather.com. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  28. ^ "Post Office Location - GUAYNABO Archived 2010-03-15 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  29. ^ "Post Office Location - CAPARRA HEIGHTS Archived 2010-03-15 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  30. ^ "MDC Guaynabo Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on January 12, 2010.
  31. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  32. ^ "New hospital and medical building developing in Guaynabo" Caribbean Business Newspaper, Issued : 06/12/2008, By : LISA NIDO NYLUND
  33. ^ "Avanza la cirugía de la columna" Primera Hora Newspaper, Alejandra M. Jover Tovarra - 10/02/2009
  34. ^ "Guaynabo Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  35. ^ "北米の補習授業校一覧" (). MEXT. January 2, 2003. Retrieved on April 6, 2015. (Puerto Rico) "(学校所在地) CALLEDELFOS #2119 ALTO APOLO GUAYNABO P.R 00969,U.S.A."
  36. ^ "関係機関へのリンク" (Archive). The Japan School of Doha. Retrieved on March 31, 2015. "ポート・モレスビー補習授業校(2009年8月休校)" and "(ニューメキシコ)アルバカーキ補習授業校(休校)" and "(プエルトリコ)プエルトリコ補習授業校(2006年3月閉校)"

External links[edit]