Guaynabo, Puerto Rico

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Guaynabo
Municipio Autónomo de Guaynabo
Guaynabo's Central Business District in 2013.
Guaynabo's Central Business District in 2013.
Flag of Guaynabo
Coat of arms of Guaynabo
Nicknames: 
"Ciudad de los Conquistadores", "Pueblo del Carnaval Mabó", "Primer Poblado de Puerto Rico"
Anthem: "Guaynabo, Pueblo Querido"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Guaynabo Municipality
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Guaynabo Municipality
Coordinates: 18°22′00″N 66°06′00″W / 18.36667°N 66.10000°W / 18.36667; -66.10000Coordinates: 18°22′00″N 66°06′00″W / 18.36667°N 66.10000°W / 18.36667; -66.10000
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1769
Barrios
Government
 • MayorEdward O'Neill Rosa (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.1 - San Juan
 • Representative dist.6 / 9
Area
 • Total27.1 sq mi (70.2 km2)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • Total89,780
 • Density3,300/sq mi (1,300/km2)
Demonym(s)Guaynabeño(s)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Codes
00965, 00966, 00968, 00969, 00971, 00970
Area code(s)787/939
Major routesPR primary 2.svg PR urban primary 1.svg PR urban primary 23.svg PR urban primary 165.svg PR urban primary 177.svg PR urban primary 199.svg Ellipse sign 19.svg Ellipse sign 24.svg Ellipse sign 28.svg Ellipse sign 169.svg Ellipse sign 173.svg Ellipse sign 174.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 20.svg PR primary 22.svg
Websiteguaynabocity.gov.pr

Guaynabo (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwajˈnaβo]) is a city, suburb of San Juan and municipality in the northern part of Puerto Rico, located in the northern coast of the island, north of Aguas Buenas, south of Cataño, east of Bayamón, and west of San Juan. Guaynabo is spread over 9 barrios and Guaynabo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the suburb). Guaynabo is considered, along with its neighbors – San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Carolina, Cataño, Trujillo Alto, and Toa Baja – to be part of the San Juan metropolitan area. It is also part of the larger San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area, (the largest MSA in Puerto Rico).

The municipality has a land area of 27.13 square miles (70.3 km2) and a population of 89,780 as of the 2020 census. The municipality is known for being an affluent suburb of San Juan and for its former Irish heritage. The studios of WAPA-TV is located in Guaynabo.

History[edit]

The first European settlement in Puerto Rico, Caparra, was founded in 1508 by Juan Ponce de León in land that is today part of Guaynabo. Ponce de León resided there as first Spanish governor of Puerto Rico. This settlement was abandoned in 1521 in favor of San Juan. The ruins of Caparra remain and are a U.S. National Historic Landmark. The Museum of the Conquest and Colonization of Puerto Rico, which features artifacts from the site and others in Puerto Rico, is located on the grounds.

The municipality of Guaynabo was founded in 1769 by Pedro R. Davila (P.R.), after a struggle for division from the municipality of Bayamón. Previously, the municipality was known as Buinabo, a name that it is popularly said to mean in Taíno "Here is another place of fresh water." Irish officer Thomas O'Daly and fellow Irishman Miguel Kirwan settled the area in the late 18th century and developed a farm and sugarcane plantation he named Hacienda San Patricio. The plantation no longer exists but the land on which it was located is now the central business district of Guaynabo and the San Patricio Plaza shopping mall.

In October 2017, after a couple of hurricanes struck Guaynabo, including Hurricane Maria, President Donald Trump visited the area.

Mayoral Scandals[edit]

After 24 years as mayor, Héctor O'Neill García resigned in 2017 when allegations surfaced of sexual harassment toward a female municipal employee.[2] He was replaced in a run-off election by Angel Pérez Otero, who in turn was forced out due to his arrest for Federal corruption allegations in 2021.[3] Héctor O'Neill's son Edward O'Neill Rosa won the following run-off election to succeed him as mayor in January of 2022.[4]

Geography[edit]

Guaynabo is on the northern side.[5]

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Guaynabo with the significant amount of rainfall.[6][7] Due to the municipality's fiscal difficulties, it was not until April 2, 2019, over a year and half later, that the overtime pay owed to municipal workers was paid.[8]

Barrios[edit]

Barrios of Guaynabo, Puerto Rico locator map

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Guaynabo is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a smaller barrio referred to as "el pueblo", located near the center of the municipality.[9][10][11][12]


Guaynabo's town square in Guaynabo barrio-pueblo

Sectors[edit]

Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions)[13] in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.[14][15][16]

Special Communities[edit]

Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Guaynabo: Amelia, Buen Samaritano, Camarones barrio, Corea, El Polvorín, Honduras, Jerusalén, Los Filtros, Sector El Laberinto, Sector La Pajilla, Sector Los Ratones (Camino Feliciano), Sector San Miguel, Trujillo, Sector Tomé, Vietnam,[17] and Villa Isleña.[18][19]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
192010,800
193013,50225.0%
194018,31935.7%
195029,12059.0%
196039,71836.4%
197067,04268.8%
198080,74220.4%
199092,88615.0%
2000100,0537.7%
201097,924−2.1%
202089,780−8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[20]
1920-1930[21]
1930-1950[22] 1960-2000[23] 2010[11] 2020[24]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Museum of Transportation in Guaynabo
Scenic lookout at mirador Gavillan

Economy[edit]

Several businesses have their headquarters or local Puerto Rican branches in Guaynabo. El Nuevo Día,[26] Chrysler, Santander Securities, Puerto Rico Telephone, and many sales offices for large US and international firms (such as Total, Microsoft, Toshiba, Puma Energy and others) have their Puerto Rican headquarters in Guaynabo. WAPA-TV (Televicentro) and Univision Puerto Rico have their main studios in Guaynabo.

Iberia's San Juan-area offices are in Guaynabo.[27]

Crime[edit]

Carjackings have been an ongoing problem in Guaynabo, Puerto Rico[28][29][30][31][32] and in 2014 the FBI reported a carjacking that occurred in Camarones.[33]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 94
(34)
93
(34)
95
(35)
97
(36)
96
(36)
97
(36)
95
(35)
98
(37)
96
(36)
98
(37)
95
(35)
92
(33)
98
(37)
Average high °F (°C) 84
(29)
85
(29)
86
(30)
87
(31)
88
(31)
90
(32)
90
(32)
90
(32)
90
(32)
89
(32)
87
(31)
85
(29)
90
(32)
Average low °F (°C) 67
(19)
67
(19)
67
(19)
69
(21)
72
(22)
73
(23)
73
(23)
74
(23)
73
(23)
73
(23)
71
(22)
68
(20)
67
(19)
Record low °F (°C) 50
(10)
45
(7)
45
(7)
60
(16)
59
(15)
55
(13)
55
(13)
60
(16)
62
(17)
60
(16)
55
(13)
50
(10)
45
(7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.79
(122)
3.30
(84)
3.52
(89)
5.80
(147)
7.17
(182)
4.54
(115)
6.70
(170)
6.44
(164)
7.39
(188)
6.79
(172)
8.06
(205)
6.39
(162)
70.89
(1,800)
Source: weather.com[34]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

Guaynabo celebrates its patron saint festival in April. The Fiestas Patronales de San Pedro Martir is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.[5][35]

Other festivals and events celebrated in Guaynabo include:

  • Three Kings Festival – January
  • Mabó Carnival – February
  • Mothers’ Day celebration – May
  • National Salsa Day – June
  • Fine Arts camp and recreation and sports camp – June
  • Bomba and Plena (folkloric music and dance) Festival – October
  • Official lighting of Christmas Lights – November

Sports[edit]

Guaynabo's old BSN team, the Guaynabo Mets, won national championships in 1980, 1982 and 1989, commanded by the player whom the Mario Morales Coliseum was named after, Mario "Quijote" Morales. The Conquistadores de Guaynabo, or Guaynabo Conquistadores, are the Guaynabo Mets replacement and still play in the Mario Morales Coliseum. The Mets de Guaynabo are the local women's volleyball team that play in the LVSF, or The Liga de Voliebol Superior Femenino. They have not won any championships yet. They also play in the Mario Morales Coliseum. Guaynabo Fluminense FC is Guaynabo's professional soccer team that plays in the Puerto Rico Soccer League. The league started in 2008 and Guaynabo's current position in the league is 4th place. Guaynabo Fluminense FC play their matches at the Jose Bonano Stadium that was originally made for baseball, but became a soccer arena after the Puerto Rico Baseball League was cancelled for the 2008 season. It was at the same year that the Puerto Rico Soccer League was starting to take place. In the 2009 season, Guaynabo Fluminense FC moved to the Sixto Escobar Stadium.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates two post offices, Guaynabo and Caparra Heights, in Guaynabo.[36][37]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Metropolitan Detention Center, Guaynabo in Guaynabo.[38]

Some regions of the city belong to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district I while others belong to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district II. Both of the Districts are represented by two Senators. In 2016, Henry Neumann and Miguel Romero were elected as Senators for District I, while Migdalia Padilla and Carmelo Ríos have been serving as Senators for District II since being elected in 2004.[39]

Mayors[edit]

Mayors of Guaynabo from 1969 to present[edit]

Mayor Term Party
Ebenezer Rivera 1969–1979 New Progressive Party
Alejandro Cruz Ortiz 1979–1993 New Progressive Party
Héctor O'Neill García 1993–2017 New Progressive Party
Angel Pérez Otero 2017–2021 New Progressive Party
Edward O'Neill Rosa 2022–Present New Progressive Party

Mayors of Guaynabo from 1782 to 1969[edit]

Term Name
1782 Cayetano de la Sarna
1800 Pedro Dávila
1812 Dionisio Cátala
1816 Angel Umpierre
1818 Juan José González
1821 Joaquín Goyena
1822 José María Prosis
1823 Simón Hinonio
1825 José R. Ramírez
1827 Antonio Guzmán
1828 Genaro Oller
1836 Andrés Degal
1836 Agustín Rosario
1840 Francisco Hiques
1844 Martínez Díaz
1848 Tomás Cátla
1849 Andrés Vega
1852 Justo García
1856 José Tomás Sagarra
1857 Manuel Manzano
1859 Juan Floret
1859 José Francisco Chiques
1862 Segundo de Echeverte
1862 José de Murgas
1869 Juan J. Caro
1873 Benito Gómez
1874 Manuel Millones
1876 José Otero
1891 Juan Díaz de Barrio
1914 José Ramón
1914 José Carazo
1919 Narciso Val Llovera
1924 Zenón Díaz Valcárcel
1936 Dolores Valdivieso
1944 Augosto Rivera
1948 Jorge Gavillán Fuentes
1956 Juan Román
1964 José Rosario Reyes

Symbols[edit]

The municipio has an official flag and coat of arms.[40]

Flag[edit]

This municipality has a flag.[41]

Coat of arms[edit]

This municipality has a coat of arms.[41]

Health facilities[edit]

Professional Hospital Guaynabo located on Felisa Rincón Avenue (formerly Las Cumbres Avenue), is the newest hospital infrastructure built in Puerto Rico. Guaynabo is the only city in Puerto Rico to have a hospital specialized in advanced vascular surgery.[42] Some of the first and newest procedures performed in Puerto Rico during 2009 were done in Professional Hospital Guaynabo, including the first AxiaLIF surgery for lumbar fusion.[43]

Transportation[edit]

The Tren Urbano has only one station in the municipality, Torrimar Station. Guaynabo has a bus network called “Guaynabo City Transport”. There are 63 bridges in Guaynabo.[44]

Notable people[edit]

Education[edit]

Guaynabo is home to Atlantic University College, which specializes in new media art.

The Japanese Language School of Puerto Rico (プエルトリコ補習授業校 Puerutoriko Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend Japanese school, previously held its classes in Guaynabo.[45] It closed in March 2006.[46]

International relations[edit]

Guaynabo serves as a host city to four foreign consulates with business in Puerto Rico:

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau, US Census. "PUERTO RICO: 2020 Census". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  2. ^ "Puerto Rico governor reacts to mayor's resignation". Caribbean Business. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  3. ^ "Puerto Rico mayor, official charged in US corruption case". ABC News. Associated Press. December 9, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  4. ^ Rolón Cintrón, Heidi (February 15, 2022). "Edward O'Neill se proclama nuevo alcalde de Guaynabo". El Nuevo Día. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Guaynabo Municipality". enciclopediapr.org. Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH). Archived from the original on April 4, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  6. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  7. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 3, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969. Archived from the original on December 26, 2018. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  10. ^ Gwillim Law (May 20, 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved December 25, 2018.
  11. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 20, 2017. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  12. ^ "Map of Guaynabo" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 30, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  13. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Archived from the original on May 13, 2017. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  14. ^ "Agencia: Oficina del Coordinador General para el Financiamiento Socioeconómico y la Autogestión (Proposed 2016 Budget)". Puerto Rico Budgets (in Spanish). Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  15. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza: Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (first ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  16. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 28, 2019. Retrieved June 28, 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). August 8, 2011. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  19. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  20. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  21. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  22. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  23. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 24, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  24. ^ Bureau, US Census. "PUERTO RICO: 2020 Census". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  25. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 28, 2019. Retrieved September 28, 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ "Contáctanos - El Nuevo Día". www.elnuevodia.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  27. ^ "Iberia Around the World[permanent dead link]." Iberia. Accessed September 11, 2008. "In the rest of the world - Puerto Rico" - "San Juan de Puerto Rico. City office - Metro Office Park Calle 1 Lote 3 Oficina 102 Guaynabo, Puerto Rico 00968."
  28. ^ "Carjacking en Guaynabo". La Perla del Sur. March 3, 2019. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved June 24, 2019.
  29. ^ Rico, Metro Puerto. "Sacan familia de auto para hacer carjacking en Guaynabo". Metro. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  30. ^ PR, Por TELEMUNDO. "Video: Carjacking en centro comercial de Guaynabo - Telemundo Puerto Rico". Telemundo PR. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  31. ^ VOCERO, Nicole Candelaria, Especial para EL. "Investigan carjacking en Guaynabo". El Vocero de Puerto Rico. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  32. ^ "Mujer víctima de carjacking a punta de pistola en Guaynabo". Primera Hora. January 19, 2019. Archived from the original on June 23, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  33. ^ "Arrests of Elvin Manuel Otero Tarzia, Sebastian Angelo Saldana, Kevin Rivera Ruiz, and a Male Juvenile". FBI. Archived from the original on December 1, 2015. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  34. ^ "Average Conditions Guaynabo". weather.com. Archived from the original on January 9, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  35. ^ J.D. (May 2, 2006). "Guaynabo". Link To Puerto Rico.com (in Spanish). Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  36. ^ "Post Office Location - GUAYNABO Archived 2010-03-15 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  37. ^ "Post Office Location - CAPARRA HEIGHTS Archived 2010-03-15 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  38. ^ "MDC Guaynabo Contact Information Archived 2009-05-07 at the Wayback Machine." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on January 12, 2010.
  39. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  40. ^ "Ley Núm. 70 de 2006 -Ley para disponer la oficialidad de la bandera y el escudo de los setenta y ocho (78) municipios". LexJuris de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  41. ^ a b "GUAYNABO". LexJuris (Leyes y Jurisprudencia) de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). February 19, 2020. Archived from the original on February 19, 2020. Retrieved September 22, 2020.
  42. ^ "New hospital and medical building developing in Guaynabo" Caribbean Business Newspaper, Issued : 06/12/2008, By : LISA NIDO NYLUND
  43. ^ "Avanza la cirugía de la columna" Primera Hora Newspaper, Alejandra M. Jover Tovarra - 10/02/2009
  44. ^ "Guaynabo Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Archived from the original on February 22, 2019. Retrieved February 20, 2019.
  45. ^ "北米の補習授業校一覧" (). MEXT. January 2, 2003. Retrieved on April 6, 2015. (Puerto Rico) "(学校所在地) CALLEDELFOS #2119 ALTO APOLO GUAYNABO P.R 00969,U.S.A."
  46. ^ "関係機関へのリンク" (Archive). The Japan School of Doha. Retrieved on March 31, 2015. "ポート・モレスビー補習授業校(2009年8月休校)" and "(ニューメキシコ)アルバカーキ補習授業校(休校)" and "(プエルトリコ)プエルトリコ補習授業校(2006年3月閉校)"

External links[edit]