Gudivada

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Gudivada
City
Gudivada is located in India
Gudivada
Gudivada
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Gudivada is located in Andhra Pradesh
Gudivada
Gudivada
Gudivada (Andhra Pradesh)
Coordinates: 16°26′N 80°59′E / 16.43°N 80.99°E / 16.43; 80.99Coordinates: 16°26′N 80°59′E / 16.43°N 80.99°E / 16.43; 80.99
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictKrishna
MandalGudivada
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyGudivada Municipality
Area
 • Total12.67 km2 (4.89 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total118,167
 • Density9,300/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
521301
Telephone code+91-08674
Vehicle registrationAP 39
Websitegudivada.cdma.ap.gov.in

Gudivada is a city in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Gudivada mandal in Gudivada revenue division.[2][3] It is one of the cities in the state to be a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[4] It is the twenty-seventh most populous city in Andhra Pradesh and the three-hundredth most populous city in India with a population of 118,167 according to the 2011 Census of India.

History[edit]

Holy relic sites map of Andhra Pradesh
Reliquaries from the stupa at Gudiwada in the British Museum

The name Gudivada was derived from Gudi meaning Temple and Vada means Settlement or town in Telugu language. The presence of Habitation at this city may be dated back to 3rd Century BCE or 2nd Century BCE since the time of Sathavahanas as per some inscriptions.[5] Archaeological excavations[6] conducted at Gudivada yielded an ancient Buddhist stupa mound and Jain relics. Gudivada is religiously diversified city with many Hindu Temples and important Jain Tirth[7][8] of Bhagawan Parshvanath located at market road. Vidarbhapuri was one of its earlier names.[9]

Geography[edit]

It is located in the Coastal Andhra region of the state. Gudivada is located 41 kilometres (25.5 mi) east of the district headquarters, Machilipatnam, and 45 kilometres (27.9 mi) south of by road to Amaravati (state capital)[10] It lies on the Eastern coastal plains. The city is located in zone 3 as per Earthquake zones of India.

Climate[edit]

Gudivada falls in the hot, humid region of the country, and it is less than 35 miles from Bay of Bengal. The climate of the town is very hot in summer and is pleasant during the winter. The hottest day falls in the month of May with shift to June during some years.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, Gudivada had a population of 118,167 with 30,834 households. The total population constitute 59,062 males, 59,105 females and 10,509 in the age group of 0–6 years. It had an average literacy rate of 81.64% with 87,887 literates, significantly higher than the district average of 73.7% and the state average of 67.41%.[2][11]

Government and Politics[edit]

Civic Administration[edit]

Gudivada municipality was constituted in the year 1937 as a "third grade municipality".[12] It was upgraded to "special grade municipality" and is spread over an area of 12.67 km2 (4.89 sq mi) with 36 election wards.[1] YSR Congress Party won the Gudivada municipal elections in 2014 and the present MLA is Kodali Sri Venkateswara Rao.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Agri based economy is the traditional base, consisting of Rice Mills, Tractor Trailer building and other supporting industries.[citation needed] Gudivada is a centre for service industries for the many villages around. The service industries range from Medical, Entertainment and General stores. For the last several decades, Gudivada has transformed into a good educational hub for primary, secondary and higher schools.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Old photo of Gudivada Junction Railway station sign board and Machilipatnam Express halted at Gudivada Junction Railway station

Public transport[edit]

The primary modes of intra-city public transport are auto rickshaws and taxis. Apart from these, other means of transport are cars, motorcycles, cycle rickshaws, and bicycles. The Gudivada bus station and Gudivada Junction railway station are the major transport infrastructure for road and rail transport.[13][14]

Road[edit]

The city has a total road length of 164.00 km (101.90 mi).[15] The national and state highways that pass through the city include, NH 165–connecting Kathipudi and Pamarru;[16].

Rail[edit]

Gudivada Junction railway station is the major railway junction in Krishna district and one of the fourteen B–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Coast Railway zone.[17]

Air[edit]

Gudivada which falls under Andhra Pradesh Capital Region is served by NTR Amaravati International airport at Gannavaram, which is just 37Km away.[18]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[19][20] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.[citation needed]

The private aided colleges are, ANR college and KT Reddy women's college. There are eleven other unaided private colleges for undergraduate and postgraduate education.[21] One-fourth of the passed out school children will enroll for college education.[22] There are colleges for vocational courses such as, Gudivada Vocational Junior College and St.Johns Vocational Junior College;[23] industrial training centres include, Gudivada Industrial Training Centre, Government Industrial Training Institute for Girls.[24] It is home for Regional Research Institute for Homeopathy.[25][26]

Sports[edit]

N.T.R Stadium in the city was built in partnership with Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh, the Sports Authority of India and the Gudivada Municipality. It is the multi-purpose stadium for several sports like, athletics, volleyball, cricket, kho kho, kabaddi, badminton, tennikoit and basketball.[27] In January 2016, the stadium hosted the National Rural Sports and Games competition, under the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Abhiyan.[28]

Temples[edit]

There are six temples under the management of Endowments Department.[29]

  1. Sri Bhimeswara Swamy Temple
  2. Sri Gowri Sankara Swamy Temple
  3. Sri Veeranjaneya Swamy Temple
  4. Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple
  5. Sri Venugopala Swamy Temple
  6. Sri Vigneswara Swamy Temple
  7. Sri Kanaka Durga Temple
  8. Sri Kanchi Kamakshi Temple
  9. Sri Sri Sri Bhagavan Venkayya Swamy Aashram

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Krishna" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 16–17, 48. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Krishna District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 504, 528–529. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Declaration of A.P. Capital Region" (PDF). Andhra Nation. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department. 22 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  5. ^ Spectrum, Digital (5 June 2008). "Gudivada: Gudivada History". Livegudivada.blogspot.in. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  6. ^ "Archaeological Survey of India". Asihyd.ap.nic.in. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  7. ^ Vyas 1995, p. 31.
  8. ^ "Shri Gudivada Tirth – Jain Temples in Rest of India". www.Jinalaya.com. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  9. ^ Gupta, Om (April 2006). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Gyan Publishing House. p. 842. ISBN 9788182053892.
  10. ^ "Gudivada Municipality".
  11. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  12. ^ "About Us | Gudivada Municipality". gudivada.cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  13. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  14. ^ "Security Forced deployed at Bus Stations in AP". The Hindu.
  15. ^ "Details of Roads in Each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Developmemt Department - Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  17. ^ "About District | Krishna District, Government of Andhra Pradesh | India". Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  18. ^ "NTR Amaravati International Airport | AAI".
  19. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  20. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  21. ^ "List of colleges in Krishna district" (PDF). Board of Intermediate Education. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  22. ^ "Gudivada Education". 1989.
  23. ^ "List of colleges offering vocational courses in Guntur district" (PDF). Sakshi Education. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  24. ^ "Government ITI" (PDF). Sakshi Education. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  25. ^ "REGIONAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE".
  26. ^ "Pilot project on 'Integration of Homoeopathy/Yoga' launched in Andhra Pradesh". International Business Times.
  27. ^ "NTR Stadium all set to become more sporty". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  28. ^ "National Rural Sports and Games off to a colourful start". The Hindu. Gudivada. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  29. ^ "Trust Boards Abstract". AP Temples Portal, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 24 July 2018.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]