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Diana monkey (C. diana)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Cercopithecidae
Subfamily: Cercopithecinae
Tribe: Cercopithecini
Genus: Cercopithecus
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Simia diana

See text

The guenons (UK: /ɡəˈnɒnz/, US: /ˈɡwɛn.ənz/) are Old World monkeys of the genus Cercopithecus (/ˌsɜːrkəˈpɪθəkəs/). Not all members of this genus have the word "guenon" in their common names; also, because of changes in scientific classification, some monkeys in other genera may have common names that include the word "guenon". Nonetheless, the use of the term guenon for monkeys of this genus is widely accepted.[citation needed]

All members of the genus are endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, and most are forest monkeys. Many of the species are quite local in their ranges, and some have even more local subspecies. Many are threatened or endangered because of habitat loss. The species currently placed in the genus Chlorocebus, such as vervet monkeys and green monkeys, were formerly considered as a single species in this genus, Cercopithecus aethiops.

In the English language, the word "guenon" is apparently of French origin.[2] In French, guenon was the common name for all species and individuals, both males and females, from the genus Cercopithecus. In all other monkey and apes species, the French word guenon only designates the females.[3] The 3 species such as the L'hoest's monkey, Preuss's monkey and the sun-tailed monkey were formerly included in the genus and now listed in a different genus Allochrocebus[1][4][5]

Species list[edit]

Genus Cercopithecus

Guenons in Mefou Sanctuary, Cameroon
  • C. diana group
  • C. mitis group
    • Greater spot-nosed monkey, Cercopithecus nictitans
      • Cercopithecus nictitans nictitans
      • Bioko putty-nosed guenon, Cercopithecus nictitans martini
    • Blue monkey, Cercopithecus mitis
      • Pluto monkey, Cercopithecus mitis mitis
    • Silver monkey, Cercopithecus doggetti
    • Golden monkey, Cercopithecus kandti
    • Sykes' monkey, Cercopithecus albogularis
      • Zanzibar Sykes' monkey, Cercopithecus albogularis albogularis
      • Pousargues' Sykes' monkey, Cercopithecus albogularis albotorquatus
      • Cercopithecus albogularis erythrarchus
      • Cercopithecus albogularis francescae
      • Cercopithecus albogularis kibonotensis
      • Cercopithecus albogularis kolbi
      • White-lipped monkey, Cercopithecus albogularis labiatus
      • Cercopithecus albogularis moloneyi
      • Cercopithecus albogularis monoides
      • Cercopithecus albogularis phylax
      • Cercopithecus albogularis schwarzi
      • Zammarano's white-throated guenon, Cercopithecus albogularis zammaranoi
  • C. mona group
  • C. cephus group
    • Lesser spot-nosed monkey, Cercopithecus petaurista
      • Cercopithecus petaurista petaurista
      • Cercopithecus petaurista buettikoferi
    • White-throated guenon, Cercopithecus erythrogaster
    • Red-eared guenon, Cercopithecus erythrotis
      • Bioko red-eared guenon, Cercopithecus erythrotis erythrotis
      • Cercopithecus erythrotis camerunensis
    • Moustached guenon, Cercopithecus cephus
      • Cercopithecus cephus cephus
      • Cercopithecus cephus cephodes
      • Ngotto guenon, Cercopithecus cephus ngottoensis
    • Red-tailed monkey, Cercopithecus ascanius
      • Cercopithecus ascanius ascanius
      • Cercopithecus ascanius atrinasus
      • Cercopithecus ascanius whitesidei
      • Cercopithecus ascanius katangae
      • Schmidt's guenon, Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti
    • Sclater's guenon, Cercopithecus sclateri
De Brazza's monkey (C. neglectus)
  • C. hamlyni group
    • Hamlyn's monkey, Cercopithecus hamlyni
      • Owl-faced guenon, Cercopithecus hamlyni hamlyni
      • Kahuzi owl-faced guenon, Cercopithecus hamlyni kahuziensis
    • Lesula, Cercopithecus lomamiensis
  • C. neglectus group


The red-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius) is known to hybridize with the blue monkey (C. mitis) in several locations in the wild in Africa.[6]


  1. ^ a b Groves, C. P. (2005). "GENUS Cercopithecus". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 154–158. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ guenon /gəˈnoʊn/ n. M19. [Fr., of uncertain origin.] (The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, Clarendon Press, Oxford, Vol. 1 A-M, 1993 edition, see page 1,157)
  3. ^ guenon [gənɔ̃] n. f. - 1505 ; o. i. ; p.-ê même rad. que guenille 1. vx Cercopithèque, mâle ou femelle. 2. MOD. Singe femelle. [...] (Le Petit Robert, grand format, Dictionnaires Le Robert, Paris, first edition: 1967, Nouveau Petit Robert edition: 1993, grand format edition: 1996, ISBN 2-85036-469-X, see page 1,056)
  4. ^ "Allochrocebus". ITIS. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  5. ^ "Allochrocebus". Mammal Diversity Database. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  6. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonias Press. pp. 139, 143, 154, 185, 223. ISBN 0-9648825-0-7.

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