Guernsey County, Ohio

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Guernsey County
Guernsey County Courthouse
Official seal of Guernsey County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Guernsey County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°03′N 81°30′W / 40.05°N 81.5°W / 40.05; -81.5
Country United States
State Ohio
FoundedJanuary 31, 1810[1]
Named forIsle of Guernsey
SeatCambridge
Largest cityCambridge
Area
 • Total528 sq mi (1,370 km2)
 • Land522 sq mi (1,350 km2)
 • Water6.0 sq mi (16 km2)  1.1%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
38,875
 • Density77/sq mi (30/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.guernseycounty.org

Guernsey County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,087.[2] Its county seat is Cambridge,[3] and it is named for the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel, from which many of the county's early settlers emigrated.[4]

Guernsey County comprises the Cambridge, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Guernsey County, located in the Appalachian foothills, was first formed and organized on 10 March 1810 from portions of Muskingum and Belmont counties, after the Ohio Legislature acted. The first county commissioners were sworn in on 23 April 1810. It lost some land area during the formation of neighboring counties until it reached its present boundaries in 1851, after Buffalo, Beaver, Olive, and Seneca townships were gained by Noble county. After dispute whether the county seat should be established in Cambridge or Washington, it was established in Cambridge after two individuals proposed to donate the land and furnish the public buildings if built in Cambridge.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 528 square miles (1,370 km2), of which 522 square miles (1,350 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18103,051
18209,292204.6%
183018,03694.1%
184027,74853.8%
185030,4389.7%
186024,474−19.6%
187023,838−2.6%
188027,19714.1%
189028,6455.3%
190034,42520.2%
191042,71624.1%
192045,3526.2%
193041,486−8.5%
194038,822−6.4%
195038,452−1.0%
196038,5790.3%
197037,665−2.4%
198042,02411.6%
199039,024−7.1%
200040,7924.5%
201040,087−1.7%
2019 (est.)38,875[7]−3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2019[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 40,792 people, 16,094 households, and 11,233 families living in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km2). There were 18,771 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.28% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.7% spoke English, 1.3% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 16,094 households, out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,110, and the median income for a family was $35,660. Males had a median income of $30,142 versus $20,804 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,542. About 12.90% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.50% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,087 people, 16,210 households, and 10,949 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 76.8 inhabitants per square mile (29.7/km2). There were 19,193 housing units at an average density of 36.8 per square mile (14.2/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 96.0% white, 1.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 22.3% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 12.4% were English, and 9.6% were American.[15]

Of the 16,210 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, and 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,573 and the median income for a family was $48,445. Males had a median income of $37,642 versus $29,348 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,187. About 13.6% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Guernsey County has been dominated by Republican Party candidates in presidential elections, with Democrats only winning the county in six presidential elections from 1856 on. The most recent of these Democrats to win the county was Bill Clinton in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Guernsey County, Ohio[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 13,407 73.41% 4,577 25.06% 280 1.53%
2016 11,445 68.75% 4,359 26.18% 843 5.06%
2012 8,993 53.37% 7,450 44.22% 406 2.41%
2008 9,197 52.93% 7,625 43.88% 553 3.18%
2004 9,962 55.84% 7,768 43.54% 110 0.62%
2000 8,181 53.02% 6,643 43.05% 606 3.93%
1996 5,970 39.52% 6,731 44.55% 2,407 15.93%
1992 5,749 35.17% 6,428 39.32% 4,171 25.51%
1988 8,507 58.42% 5,926 40.69% 130 0.89%
1984 10,252 66.81% 4,967 32.37% 125 0.81%
1980 8,180 58.08% 5,121 36.36% 783 5.56%
1976 7,746 49.90% 7,573 48.78% 205 1.32%
1972 9,648 66.00% 4,757 32.54% 214 1.46%
1968 7,336 49.44% 5,815 39.19% 1,686 11.36%
1964 6,429 40.35% 9,503 59.65% 0 0.00%
1960 10,396 61.41% 6,532 38.59% 0 0.00%
1956 10,224 66.51% 5,149 33.49% 0 0.00%
1952 9,749 59.52% 6,631 40.48% 0 0.00%
1948 7,651 53.21% 6,639 46.17% 90 0.63%
1944 8,878 57.69% 6,512 42.31% 0 0.00%
1940 10,125 53.76% 8,710 46.24% 0 0.00%
1936 8,532 42.51% 11,404 56.82% 134 0.67%
1932 8,750 48.33% 9,026 49.85% 330 1.82%
1928 11,174 74.10% 3,709 24.60% 197 1.31%
1924 8,997 59.56% 3,604 23.86% 2,505 16.58%
1920 8,764 54.36% 6,888 42.72% 470 2.92%
1916 4,228 44.76% 4,312 45.65% 906 9.59%
1912 3,426 37.68% 2,726 29.98% 2,940 32.34%
1908 5,210 53.92% 3,449 35.69% 1,004 10.39%
1904 5,427 62.89% 2,448 28.37% 755 8.75%
1900 5,014 59.44% 3,120 36.99% 301 3.57%
1896 4,337 55.78% 3,258 41.90% 180 2.32%
1892 3,439 53.53% 2,510 39.07% 476 7.41%
1888 3,560 54.40% 2,520 38.51% 464 7.09%
1884 3,409 55.18% 2,570 41.60% 199 3.22%
1880 3,318 55.78% 2,568 43.17% 62 1.04%
1876 3,106 55.60% 2,460 44.04% 20 0.36%
1872 2,629 57.78% 1,901 41.78% 20 0.44%
1868 2,743 58.46% 1,949 41.54% 0 0.00%
1864 2,677 57.52% 1,977 42.48% 0 0.00%
1860 2,510 55.18% 1,933 42.49% 106 2.33%
1856 2,392 52.76% 1,932 42.61% 210 4.63%


Communities[edit]

Map of Guernsey County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

[18]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Guernsey County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 145.
  5. ^ Williams, T. F. (1990). The household guide and instructor, with biographies: history of Guernsey County, Ohio. Heritage collection from Unigraphic. Biography and history. Ohio Genealogical Society. Mt. Vernon, IN : Evansville, IN: Windmill Publications, Inc. ; Whipporwill Publications. pp. 429–430. OCLC 21320147.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  18. ^ "TOWNSHIP WEBSITES - Ohio Township Association". 15 July 2016. Archived from the original on 15 July 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°03′N 81°30′W / 40.05°N 81.50°W / 40.05; -81.50