Guernsey County, Ohio

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Guernsey County, Ohio
Guernsey County Courthouse Cambridge Ohio.jpg
Seal of Guernsey County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Guernsey County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded January 31, 1810[1]
Named for Isle of Guernsey
Seat Cambridge
Largest city Cambridge
Area
 • Total 528 sq mi (1,368 km2)
 • Land 522 sq mi (1,352 km2)
 • Water 6.0 sq mi (16 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 40,087
 • Density 77/sq mi (30/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.guernseycounty.org

Guernsey County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,087.[2] Its county seat is Cambridge,[3] and it is named for the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel, from which many of the county's early settlers emigrated.[4]

Guernsey County comprises the Cambridge, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Guernsey County, located in the Appalachian foothills, was first formed and organized in 1810 from portions of Muskingum and Belmont counties. It lost some land area during the formation of neighboring counties until it reached its present boundaries in 1851.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 528 square miles (1,370 km2), of which 522 square miles (1,350 km2) is land and 6.0 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 3,051
1820 9,292 204.6%
1830 18,036 94.1%
1840 27,748 53.8%
1850 30,438 9.7%
1860 24,474 −19.6%
1870 23,838 −2.6%
1880 27,197 14.1%
1890 28,645 5.3%
1900 34,425 20.2%
1910 42,716 24.1%
1920 45,352 6.2%
1930 41,486 −8.5%
1940 38,822 −6.4%
1950 38,452 −1.0%
1960 38,579 0.3%
1970 37,665 −2.4%
1980 42,024 11.6%
1990 39,024 −7.1%
2000 40,792 4.5%
2010 40,087 −1.7%
Est. 2015 39,258 [6] −2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 40,792 people, 16,094 households, and 11,233 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 18,771 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.28% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.7% spoke English, 1.3% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 16,094 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,110, and the median income for a family was $35,660. Males had a median income of $30,142 versus $20,804 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,542. About 12.90% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.50% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,087 people, 16,210 households, and 10,949 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 76.8 inhabitants per square mile (29.7/km2). There were 19,193 housing units at an average density of 36.8 per square mile (14.2/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 96.0% white, 1.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 22.3% were German, 15.2% were Irish, 12.4% were English, and 9.6% were American.[14]

Of the 16,210 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were non-families, and 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 40.9 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,573 and the median income for a family was $48,445. Males had a median income of $37,642 versus $29,348 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,187. About 13.6% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[16]
Year Republican Democrat
2012 53.37% 8,993 44.22% 7,450
2008 52.93% 9,197 43.88% 7,625
2004 55.84% 9,962 43.54% 7,768
2000 53.02% 8,181 43.05% 6,643

Communities[edit]

Map of Guernsey County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Guernsey County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 145. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2016-03-27. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°03′N 81°30′W / 40.05°N 81.50°W / 40.05; -81.50