The toponym Gogarene, an integral part of Caucasian Iberia, is derived from their name. The region is first mentioned by Strabo who records it as a province of Iberia. Later it was renamed Gugark, after the conquests of Arshakid Armenian rulers in the 2nd century BC.
- Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, vol. 3, pg. 289, Tb., 1978
- Iv. Javakhishvili, Introduction to the History of the Georgian Nation, Book 1 — Ethnological and historical problems of Georgia, Caucasus and the Middle East, Tb., 1950;
- D. Muskhelishvili,Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pg. 196, Tbilisi., 1978