Guugu Yalandji language

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Guugu Yalandji
Region Queensland
Native speakers
323 (2016 census)[1]
Pama–Nyungan
Dialects
  • Kuku-Yalanji
  • Kuku-Njungkul
  • Kuku-Bididji
  • Kuku-Dungay
  • Kuku-Buyundji
  • Kuku-Kulunggur
  • Kuku-Yalaja (Kuku-Yelandji)
  • Koko-Walandja
  • (Kuku-)Wakura
  • (Kuku-)Wakaman
  • (Kuku-)Djangun
  • (Kuku-)Muluridji
  • Kuku-Jakandji[2]
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
gvn – Kuku-Yalanji
djf – Djangun
vmu – Muluridyi
Glottolog yala1261[3]
AIATSIS[4] Y78

Guugu Yalandji (Kuku-Yalanji) is an Australian Aboriginal language of Queensland. It is the traditional language of the Kuku Yalanji people. Despite conflicts between the Kuku Yalanji people and British settlers in Queensland, the Kuku Yalanji language has a healthy number of speakers, and that number is increasing. Though the language is threatened, the language use is vigorous and children are learning it in schools. All generations of speakers have a positive languages attitudes. The Kuku Yalanji still practice their traditional religion, and they have rich oral traditions. Many people in the Kuku Yalanji community also use English, but use is discouraged. 100 Kuku Yalanji speakers can both read and write in Kuku Yalanji.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Kuku-Yalanji uses the typical three-vowel system, /a, u, i/, used in other Aboriginal Australian languages.[5]

Consonants[edit]

This table uses the standard orthography used by both linguists and the speech community. Stop sounds can range between voiced and voiceless releases. Where the orthography differs from the IPA representation, the orthography is bolded.[5]

Labial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar
Stop b /p, b/ d /t, d/ j /c, ɟ/ g /k, g/
Nasal /m/ /n/ ny /ɲ/ ng /ŋ/
Approximant /w/ /l/ r /ɻ/ y /j/
Trill rr /r/

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". stat.data.abs.gov.au. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2017-10-29.
  2. ^ RMW Dixon (2002), Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development, p xxxii
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yalandyic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Guugu Yalandji at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  5. ^ a b Patz, Elisabeth (2002). A Grammar of the Kuku Yalanji Language of North Queensland. Australian National University.

External links[edit]