Gugulethu

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Gugulethu
Gugulethu is located in Western Cape
Gugulethu
Gugulethu
 Gugulethu shown within Western Cape
Location within Cape Town
Gugulethu is located in Cape Town
Gugulethu
Gugulethu
Gugulethu is located in South Africa
Gugulethu
Gugulethu
Gugulethu (South Africa)
Gugulethu is located in Africa
Gugulethu
Gugulethu
Gugulethu (Africa)
Coordinates: 33°59′S 18°34′E / 33.983°S 18.567°E / -33.983; 18.567Coordinates: 33°59′S 18°34′E / 33.983°S 18.567°E / -33.983; 18.567
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
Municipality City of Cape Town
Government
 • Councillor Melody Klaas (ANC) (Ward 40)
(Belinda) Ntombende Landingwe (Ward 41) (ANC)
Mandisa Matshoba (Ward 42) (ANC)
Faiza Adams (Ward 45) (DA)
Area[1]
 • Total 6.49 km2 (2.51 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 98,468
 • Density 15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 98.6%
 • Coloured 0.9%
 • Indian/Asian 0.1%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 88.6%
 • English 3.6%
 • Sotho 1.9%
 • Afrikaans 1.7%
 • Other 4.2%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Postal code (street) 7750, 7752, 7756

Gugulethu or Guguletu is a township 15 km from Cape Town, South Africa.[2] Though much more tranquil than it was under apartheid, Gugulethu is still an area in struggle.

Geography[edit]

The main route, Steve Biko Drive (formerly known as NY1), runs through the township. The town planners did not give names to any of the roads, all were simply numbered. NY1 stood for "Native Yard 1",[3] Gugulethu at the time not having been named as such and being considered simply as an extension of the adjoining township of Nyanga. There has been strong pressure for the NY terminology to be dropped and for the streets to be renamed. This resulted in the City of Cape Town renaming NY1 as Steve Biko Drive in September 2012. The renaming process continues and the City recently announced that streets will be named after, amongst others, Albert Luthuli, Amy Biehl, Ray Alexander and the "Gugulethu Seven" (the latter being a group who were fatally ambushed by security police in Gugulethu in 1986). Currently all the streets have new names but the NY terminology is still predominant as residents are used to it.

History[edit]

The name is a contraction of igugu lethu, which is Xhosa for our pride. Gugulethu, along with Nyanga, was established in the 1960s due to the overcrowding of Langa, which was the only black residential area for Cape Town at the time. During the Apartheid era black South Africans were not permitted to live in the city of Cape Town, and many people were removed from areas such as District Six to Gugulethu, Nyanga and Langa. The predominant language in Gugulethu is Xhosa. Gugulethu is passionately called or referred to as "Gugs" by the locals which is a nickname stemming from the shortening of the name Gugulethu.

Black residents living in Windermere were forcibly moved to Gugulethu when it was declared a black township. Windermere was declared by Apartheid regime to be a colored area. [4]

Gugulethu was one of the first townships in Cape Town to have a community information technology Center to provide training in multimedia and youth development.[5]

Places of Interest[edit]

The 'Gugulethu Seven Memorial' was built to commemorate the life of seven activists that were ambushed and killed by the South African security forces on March 3rd, 1986. The activists were members of uMkhonto weSizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).[6] The seven murdered were Jabulani Godfery Miya, Zandisile Zenith Mjobo, Zola Alfred Swelani, Mandla Simon Mxinwa, Themba Mlifi, Zabonke, John Konile and Christopher Piet. On Human Rights Day 2000, the memorial was unveiled.[7]

The Cape Town Jazz Safari is a tour which highlights musical history and jazz in Gugulethu.[8]

Gugulethu Square was created in 2009 as a central business district in the township.[9][10]

Gugulethu Indoor Sports Complex is an indoor all year round community facility.[11]

Mzoli is a Tshisa Nyama in Gugulethu. It is a a meat market, and a party. Customers buy meat that is cooked on the spot, and accompanied by music. It is stated that it attracts about 30,000 people in a single weekend.[12][13]

iziwe’s Guest House extends a warm welcome and relaxed atmosphere to all it’s visitors. If you have not been to Gugulethu in Cape Town, why not visit us, and experience township life.

Liziwe’s Guest house is owned by Liziwe Ngcokoto. It opened in 2005, and is a member of Cape Town Tourism and Chamber of Commerce.[14]

Maboneng Township Arts Experience in Gugulethu and Langa. Tours that turn homes in to art galleries where local artists and crafters turn their homes into art galleries. This is an entrepreneurship project.[15]

Notable People[edit]

Crime[edit]

According to data collected by the South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR) over 700 people were murdered in Gugulethu between 2005 and 2010. "This amounts to one murder every two-and-a-half days for five consecutive years."[16]

Notable incidents[edit]

  • In March of 1986, South Africa's Apartheid security murdered seven young black men. The incident became known as the Gugulethu Seven. The seven men were; Zandisile Zenith Mjobo; Zola Alfred Swelani, Mandla Simon Mxinwa, Godfrey Jabulani Miya, Themba Mlifi, Zabonke John Konile and Christopher ‘ Rasta’ Piet. They were the military wing of the African National Congress known as the ANC.[17][18]
  • In 2017 Major-General Andre Lincoln made stated in the 1980s that police officers removed evidence from the scenes of what was government ordered crimes in murders such as the Gugulethu Seven.[19] [20]
  • In August 1993, Gugulethu was the site of the violent murder of a young white American woman, Amy Biehl, in the upheaval following the official end of apartheid and before the multi-racial election of 1994.[21]In 1998 four men were convicted of Amy's murder. They were pardoned by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. The murder took place a year before Nelson Mandela's release from prison. Ms Biehl's family supported the release of the four men. They started the Amy Biehl Foundation Trust in the townships to work with youth. The foundation's goal to empower young disadvantaged youth by using education and culture to deter crime and drugs. An Amy Biehl Memorial site was created in Gugulethu and tours into the township to see the memorial and visit some of the schools where programs were created by the Amy Biehl Foundation.
  • In November 2010, Swedish tourist Anni Dewani was murdered in Gugulethu while on her honeymoon.[22] Anni Dewani's husband became a suspect in the trial of her murder. He fought a three and a half year battle against extradition to South Africa. Accusations and confusions by the accused suspects in the murder that the car-jacking and crime was staged by the billionaire husband Shrien Dewani.
  • On June 10, 2014, 62-year-old Mbuyiselo Manona was murdered in Gugulethu by Andrew Chimboza. Chimboza stabbed Manona multible times. Various news outlets stated that Andrew ate Manona's heart. Chimboza denied it.[23][24][25] Chimboza pleaded guilty at the Western Cape High Court of stabbing Mbuyiselo Manona. He did not mention in court anything about removing or eating Manona's heart.[26][27][28]

Active organisations in Gugulethu[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Gugulethu". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Guguletu Today
  3. ^ Letter to The Cape Times from Ed Coombe, 26 September 2012.
  4. ^ https://www.sahistory.org.za/place/gugulethu-township
  5. ^ https://www.sa-venues.com/attractionswc/gugulethu.php
  6. ^ http://www.sahistory.org.za/place/gugulethu-township
  7. ^ https://www.sa-venues.com/attractionswc/gugulethu-7-memorial.htm
  8. ^ http://www.capetown.travel/visitors/city-areas/gugulethu-the-official-guide/
  9. ^ http://www.gugulethusquare.co.za/
  10. ^ https://www.property24.com/articles/gugulethu-gets-large-shopping-mall/11009
  11. ^ http://www.noeroarchitects.com/project/gugulethu-sports-centre/
  12. ^ https://www.capetownmagazine.com/mzoli-directions
  13. ^ http://www.capetown.travel/visitors/city-areas/gugulethu-the-official-guide/
  14. ^ https://www.sa-venues.com/visit/liziwesguesthouse/
  15. ^ https://www.sa-venues.com/things-to-do/westerncape/maboneng-township-arts-experience/
  16. ^ Sapa (16 November 2010). "Over 700 murders in Gugulethu since 2005". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  17. ^ https://www.capetownmagazine.com/news/remembering-the-gugulethu-seven/10_22_8700
  18. ^ https://m.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/apartheid-security-police-lured-youth-to-their-slaughter-ex-mandela-cop-20170322
  19. ^ https://m.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/apartheid-security-police-lured-youth-to-their-slaughter-ex-mandela-cop-20170322
  20. ^ https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/apartheid-era-police-officers-decorated-for-violent-acts-ex-mandela-cop-20170322
  21. ^ Jan Herman (27 January 1994). "Amy Biehl Was a Casualty of the System". Los Angeles Times. 
  22. ^ Dan Newling (8 December 2014). "Dewani trial: what really happened and how did police get it so wrong?". The Guardian. 
  23. ^ https://ewn.co.za/2015/02/16/Very-little-chance-of-rehabilitation-for-Cannibal-killer
  24. ^ "CTown man alive when heart ripped out – cop". The Citizen. 7 October 2014. Archived from the original on March 19, 2015. 
  25. ^ Simon Tomlinson, "Businessman who ripped out a man's heart and ATE it 'to prove he was not gay' apologises to victim's family and admits he 'exceeded the boundaries of self-defence'", Daily Mail, 3 February 2015.
  26. ^ https://www.thesouthafrican.com/gugulethu-heart-eater-pleads-guilty-to-murder/
  27. ^ https://www.iol.co.za/news/cannibal-sentenced-to-18-years-1851595
  28. ^ https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/Cannibal-was-coerced-into-ripping-out-heart-court-hears-20150428

Sources[edit]