Guia Fortress

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Fortaleza da Guia Lighthouse
Macau - Fortaleza de Guia.JPG
Capela de Nossa Senhora da Guia and Guia Lighthouse at the Guia Fortress.
Guia Fortress is located in Macau
Guia Fortress
Location São Lázaro, Macau, China
Coordinates 22°11′47.4″N 113°32′58.9″E / 22.196500°N 113.549694°E / 22.196500; 113.549694
Year first constructed 1865
Deactivated 1874-1910
Construction concrete-clad stone tower
Tower shape massive cylindrical tower with double balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white tower, gold trim, red lantern roof
Height 13.5 metres (44 ft)
Focal height 108 metres (354 ft)
Light source mains power
Range 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi)
Characteristic Fl (2) W 10s.
Admiralty number P3416
NGA number 19640
ARLHS number MAC-001
Managing agent Macau Heritage (Guia Fortress)[1][2]

The Guia Fortress (Portuguese: Fortaleza da Guia; Chinese: 東望洋炮台) is a 17th-century colonial military fort, chapel, and lighthouse complex in São Lázaro, Macau, China. The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Macau.

Distant view of Guia Hill and Guia Fortress (center left of the picture).


The fort and chapel were constructed between the 1622 and 1638. The fort was already partly built during the unsuccessful attempt by the Netherlands to capture colonial Portuguese Macau from Portugal, providing an advantageous firing position for defending against naval attacks.


The lighthouse was constructed between 1864 and 1865, the first western style lighthouse in east Asia or on the China coast. The lighthouse stands at Guia Hill, which stands at 91.4 metres (300 ft) tall, and has a light visible for some 20 miles in clear weather conditions. The complex was built upon the highest point on Macau, Guia Hill, and named after the same location. Today, the site is a tourist destination.


The chapel (Portuguese: Capela de Nossa Senhora da Guia; Chinese: 聖母雪地殿教堂) was built around 1622 inside the Guia Fortress.

In 1998, frescoes were uncovered in the chapel during routine conservation work, representing both western and Chinese themes.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Macau The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 15 October 2016
  2. ^ NGA List of Lights – Pub.112 Retrieved 15 October 2016

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°11′47″N 113°33′00″E / 22.1965°N 113.55°E / 22.1965; 113.55

Macauheritage infobox.jpg
Main article:Historic Centre of Macau
A-Ma Temple | Moorish Barracks | Mandarin's House | St Lawrence's Church | St. Joseph's Seminary and Church | Dom Pedro V Theatre | St. Augustine's Church
Sir Robert Ho Tung Library | Leal Senado Building | Sam Kai Vui Kun | Holy House of Mercy | Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady | Lou Kau Mansion | St. Dominic's Church | Ruins of St. Paul's | Na Tcha Temple
Walls of Macau | Fortaleza do Monte | St. Anthony's Church | Casa Garden | Old Protestant Cemetery (including the Macau Protestant Chapel) | Guia Fortress (including Guia Chapel and Guia Lighthouse)