Guia Fortress

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Capela de Nossa Senhora da Guia and Guia Lighthouse at the Guia Fortress.
Distant view of Guia Hill and Guia Fortress (center left of the picture).

The Guia Fortress (Portuguese: Fortaleza da Guia; Chinese: 東望洋炮台) is a 17th-century colonial military fort, chapel, and lighthouse complex. It is in the St. Lazarus Parish, Macau Peninsula, Macau. The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Macau.

Architecture[edit]

The fort and chapel were constructed between 1622 and 1638, after an unsuccessful attempt by the Netherlands to capture colonial Portuguese Macau from Portugal.

Lighthouse[edit]

The lighthouse was constructed between 1864 and 1865, the first western style lighthouse in east Asia or on the China coast. The lighthouse stands at Guia Hill, which stands at 91.4 metres (300 ft) tall, and has a light visible for some 20 miles in clear weather conditions. The complex was built upon the highest point on Macau, Guia Hill, and named after the same location. Today, the site is a tourist destination.

Chapel[edit]

The chapel (Portuguese: Capela de Nossa Senhora da Guia; Chinese: 聖母雪地殿教堂) was built around 1622 inside the Guia Fortress.

In 1998, frescoes were uncovered in the chapel during routine conservation work, representing both western and Chinese themes.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°11′47″N 113°33′00″E / 22.1965°N 113.55°E / 22.1965; 113.55

Macauheritage infobox.jpg
Main article:Historic Centre of Macau
A-Ma Temple | Moorish Barracks | Mandarin's House | St Lawrence's Church | St. Joseph's Seminary and Church | Dom Pedro V Theatre | St. Augustine's Church
Sir Robert Ho Tung Library | Leal Senado Building | Sam Kai Vui Kun | Holy House of Mercy | Cathedral of the Nativity of Our Lady | Lou Kau Mansion | St. Dominic's Church | Ruins of St. Paul's | Na Tcha Temple
Walls of Macau | Fortaleza do Monte | St. Anthony's Church | Casa Garden | Old Protestant Cemetery (including the Macau Protestant Chapel) | Guia Fortress (including Guia Chapel and Guia Lighthouse)