|Directed by||Vijay Anand|
|Produced by||Dev Anand|
|Screenplay by||Vijay Anand|
|Based on||The Guide|
by R. K. Narayan
|Music by||S. D. Burman|
|Edited by||Vijay Anand|
Guide (released in the U.S. as The Guide) is a 1965 Indian romantic drama film starring Dev Anand and Waheeda Rehman. It was directed by Vijay Anand, who contributed to the screenplay. The film is based on the 1958 novel The Guide, by R. K. Narayan.
Guide was highly successful at the box-office upon release. It went on to become a Bollywood classic and proved to be memorable for its highly acclaimed performances by the lead actors and memorable music by S. D. Burman. Time magazine listed it at #4 on its list of Best Bollywood Classics.
A 120-minute U.S. version titled The Guide was written by Pearl S. Buck and directed and produced by Tad Danielewski. The film was screened at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival, 42 years after its release.
Raju is released from jail. Raju is freelance guide who earns his living by taking tourists to historic sites. One day, wealthy archaeologist Marco comes to the city with his young wife Rosie, the daughter of a courtesan. Marco wants to do some research on the caves outside the city and hires Raju as his guide.
While Marco devotes himself to the discovery of the cave, Raju takes Rosie on a tour and appreciates her dancing ability and innocence. He learns about Rosie's background as a daughter of a courtesan and how Rosie has achieved respectability as the wife of Marco but at a terrible cost. She had to give up her passion for dancing as it was unacceptable to Marco. Rosie tries to commit suicide by consuming poison. Marco, upon learning of the incident, returns to see Rosie and is furious with her. He tells her that her suicide attempt was for dramatic purposes; if it had been serious, she would have consumed more sleeping pills to ensure her death. Upon returning to the caves, Rosie learns that Marco is enjoying the company of a native tribal girl. She is enraged at Marco and they argue. Rosie leaves the caves, and she once again wants to end her life.
Raju calms her down by saying that committing suicide is a sin and that she should live to pursue her dream. With Rosie needing a home, Raju gives her shelter. Rosie is considered a prostitute by Raju's community, which leads to many problems, and his mother and her brother insist that Rosie be kicked out. Raju refuses and his mother leaves him, and his friend and driver also disagree with him. Raju loses his business and the town turns against him. Undeterred by these setbacks, Raju helps Rosie embark on a singing and dancing career, and as she becomes a star, Raju indulges in gambling and drinking.
Marco returns, trying to win back Rosie. His agent asks her to release some jewelry from a safe deposit box. Raju, a bit jealous, does not want Marco to have any contact with Rosie and forges her name on the release of the jewels. Rosie, now believing that a man should not live on a woman's earnings, treats Raju coldly and they drift apart. Raju tells her that it was only with his help that she became famous.
Rosie learns of the forgery release and Raju is convicted, resulting in a two-year sentence. On the day of his release, his mother and Rosie come to collect him, but they are told that he had been released six months ago because of good behaviour. Raju wanders alone in despair and poverty until he finds a wandering group of sadhus with whom he spends a night at a derelict temple in a small town. Raju convinces a woman named Bhola that he is a swami, and Bhola spreads the news throughout the village. Raju assumes the role of village holy man and engages in skirmishes with the local pandits. During a drought, Raju fasts for 12 days to bring rain. His mother, friend and Rosie unite with him and reconcile. The rain comes but Raju dies.
- Dev Anand as Raju
- Waheeda Rehman as Rosie Marco / Miss Nalini
- Leela Chitnis as Raju's Mother
- Kishore Sahu as Marco
- Gajanan Jagirdar as Bhola
- Praveen Paul as Bhola's wife
- Anwar Hussain as Gaffoor
- Rashid Khan as Joseph
- Ram Avtar as Pandit (well-built one)
- Narbada Shankar as a pandit
- Nazir Kashmiri as a villager
Dev Anand was approached by American director Tad Danielewski and writer Pearl Buck for an American film based on the 1958 novel The Guide by R. K. Narayan. Anand declined at first, but agreed to collaborate with Danielewski when he met him again at the 1962 Berlin Film Festival. Anand read the novel and contacted Buck, who invited him to the United States to discuss the project. He then reached Narayan to procure the rights to the book.
The Indian and American production teams clashed, causing Anand to postpone the Hindi version, thereby freeing Chetan Anand to direct the highly acclaimed Haqeeqat (1964). It also presented an opportunity for Vijay Anand to step in, and the film would prove to be a landmark achievement in his career and the Hindi film industry.
Buck tutored Waheeda Rehman on her diction for the English part.
The sequence featuring the sond "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai" was shot in the Chittor Fort in Rajasthan. The film's climax was shot in the town of Limbdi, 90 km from Ahmedabad on the Bhogavo River.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Label||The Gramophone Company of India (Private) Limited|
|Producer||Sachin Dev Burman|
|Sachin Dev Burman chronology|
The film's music was composed by Sachin Dev Burman, written by Shailendra and sung by Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey and Sachin Dev Burman. The soundtrack was listed by Planet Bollywood as #11 on their list of 100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks.
|"Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai"||Lata Mangeshkar||Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman|
|"Din Dhal Jaaye"||Mohammed Rafi||Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman|
|"Gaata Rahe Mera Dil"||Kishore Kumar & Lata Mangeshkar||Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman|
|"Kya Se Kya Ho Gaya"||Mohammed Rafi||Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman|
|"Piya Tose Naina Laage Re"||Lata Mangeshkar||Waheeda Rehman|
|"Saiyaan Beimaan"||Lata Mangeshkar||Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman|
|"Tere Mere Sapne"||Mohammed Rafi||Dev Anand & Waheeda Rehman|
|"Wahan Kaun Hai Tera"||Sachin Dev Burman||Dev Anand|
|"He Ram Hamare Ramchandra"||Manna Dey & Chorus||Dev Anand|
|"Allah Megh De Paani De"||Sachin Dev Burman||Dev Anand|
Rafi had originally recorded a song called "Hum Hi Mein Thi Na Koi Baat, Yaad Na Tumko Aa Sake, Tumne Hume Bhula Diya, Hum Na Tumko Bhula Sake", but later this song was replaced by "Din Dhal Jaaye".
Guide received a leading 9 nominations at the 14th Filmfare Awards and won 7 awards, becoming the most-awarded film at the ceremony. Guide was also the first film to win all 4 major awards: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress.
The ceremony also proved to be controversial, as S. D. Burman, who was nominated for Best Music and Lata Mangeshkar, who was nominated for Best Playback Singer for "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai", both lost their respective awards to Shankar-Jaikishan and Mohammed Rafi (for "Baharon Phool Barsao"), both for Suraj, despite being highly-favored for winning in their respective categories.
|38th Academy Awards||Academy Award||India's official submission for Best Foreign Language Film||Dev Anand||Not Nominated||Eighth film submitted by India|
|National Film Awards||13th National Film Awards||Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film||Won|
|Filmfare Awards||14th Filmfare Awards||Best Film||Received on behalf of Navketan Films|
|Best Director||Vijay Anand|
|Best Actor||Dev Anand|
|Best Actress||Waheeda Rehman|
|Best Music Director||S. D. Burman||Nominated||Lost to Shankar-Jaikishan for Suraj|
|Best Playback Singer||Lata Mangeshkar for "Aaj Phir Jeene Ki Tamanna Hai"||Lost to Mohammad Rafi for "Baharon Phool Barsao" from Suraj (the Best Playback Singer award was split into Male and Female categories the following year)|
|Best Story||R. K. Narayan||Won|
|Best Dialogue||Vijay Anand||Won|
|Best Cinematographer (Color Category)||Fali Mistry||Won|
Author R. K. Narayan disliked the film adaptation of his novel. Reviewing the English version of the film for the magazine Life, he called it "The Misguided Guide."
In a review of the American release in The New York Times, critic Bosley Crowther praised the cinematography as "... a succession of colorful views of sightseeing spots, busy cities, temples, dusty landscapes and crowds," but lamented that "... the development of the narrative continuity is so erratic and frequently slurred–so clumsy and artless, to be plain-spoken–that both story and emotion are vague."
- List of submissions to the 38th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Indian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Crowther, Bosley (10 February 1965). "Screen: A Tale of Romance in India". The New York Times. p. 44.
- "Guide; a human odyssey". Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "BoxOfficeIndia Top Earners 1960-1969 (Figures in Indian rupees)". Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- Corliss, Richard (27 October 2010), "Guide - 1965 - Best of Bollywood", Time.com, retrieved 31 July 2012
- "Tad Danielewski Filmography". Fandango.com. 29 March 1921. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
- Gitanjali Roy (1 May 2013). "8 things you didn't know about Guide". NDTV Movies. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
- "Ode to Guide: Celebrating Dev Anand's 97th birth anniversary with his greatest movie". 26 September 2020.
- Anand, Dev (2007). Romancing with Life - an autobiography. Penguin Viking. pp. 182–184. ISBN 0-670-08124-8.
- Suresh Kohli (4 October 2008). "Blast From The Past: Guide 1965". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- "'We hunted for a firang for Dev sahab in 5 hrs'". Pune Mirror. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks Ever-Part 4". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
- Guy, Randor (26 July 2001). "A flood of fond memories". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
- Guide on IMDb
- The 30 Must See Indian Films, Selected By Utpal Datta ( Film critic ). – Lens Eye, Neither tomorrow nor today, it's now 30 Must see Indian Films selected by Critic Utpal Datta