Guido Stampacchia in Tokyo, 1969 (photo from MFO)
26 March 1926|
|Died||27 April 1978
Guido Stampacchia (26 March 1922 – 27 April 1978) was a 20th-century Italian mathematician, known for his work on the theory of variational inequalities, the calculus of variation and the theory of elliptic partial differential equations.
Life and academic career
Stampacchia was born in Naples, Italy from Emanuele Stampacchia and Giulia Campagnano. He obtained his high school certification from the Liceo-Ginnasio Giambattista Vico in Naples in classical subjects, although he showed stronger aptitude for mathematics and physics.
In 1940 he was admitted to the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa for undergraduate studies in pure mathematics. He was drafted in March 1943 but nevertheless managed to take examinations during the summer before joining the resistance movement against the Germans in the defense of Rome in September. He was discharged in June 1945.
In 1944 he won a scholarship to the University of Naples which allowed him to continue his studies. In the 1945-1946 academic year he declined a specialization at the Scuola Normale in the Faculty of Sciences in favour of an assistant position at the Istituto Universitario Navale. In 1949 he was appointed as assistant with tenure to the chair of mathematical analysis, and in 1951 he obtained his "Libera docenza". In 1952 won a national competition for the chair at the University of Palermo. He was nominated Professor on Probation at the University of Genoa later the same year and was promoted to full Professor in 1955.
He married fellow student Sara Naldini in October 1948. Children Mauro, Renata, Giulia, and Franca were born in 1949, 1951, 1955 and 1956 respectively.
Stampacchia was active in research and teaching throughout his career. He made key contributions to a number of fields, including calculus of variation, variational inequalities and differential equations. In 1967 Stampacchia was elected President of the Unione Matematica Italiana. It was about this time that his research efforts shifted toward the emerging field of variational inequalities, which he modeled after boundary value problems for partial differential equations. He was also director of the Istituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo of Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche from December 1968 to 1974.
Stampacchia accepted the position of Professor Mathematical Analysis at the University of Rome in 1968 and returned to Pisa in 1970. He suffered a serious heart attack in early 1978 and died of heart arrest on 27 April that year.
- with Sergio Campanato, Sulle maggiorazioni in Lp nella teoria delle equazioni ellittiche, Bollettino dell’Unione Matematica Italiana, Bologna, Zanichelli, 1965.
- with Jaurès Cecconi, Lezioni di analisi matematica, I: Funzioni di una variabile, Napoli: Liguori editore, 1974, ISBN 88-207-0127-8
- with Jaurès Cecconi, Lezioni di analisi matematica, II: Funzioni di più variabili, Napoli: Liguori, 1980, ISBN 88-207-1022-6
- with Jaurès Cecconi and Livio Clemente Piccinini, Esercizi e problemi di analisi matematica, Napoli: Liguori, 1996, ISBN 88-207-0744-6, ISBN 978-88-207-0744-6
- with Livio C. Piccinini and Giovanni Vidossich, Equazioni differenziali ordinarie in Rn, Liguori, 1978
- Ordinary Differential Equations in Rn, Springer Verlag, New York, 1983
- with David Kinderlehrer: An introduction to variational inequalities and their applications, NY, Academic Press, 1980
- (Mazzone 2005).
- According to De Angelis & Sbordone (1999, p. 37), he was assistant professor to the chair of mathematical analysis for the academic years 1946/47 and 1947/48.
- The "free professorship" (in a literal free English translation) was an academic title similar to the German "Habilitation", no longer in force in Italy since 1970.
- Guido Stampacchia on The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive
- Silvia Mazzone, Guido Stampacchia
- Brezis, Haim (1982). "Review: An introduction to variational inequalities and their applications by David Kinderlehrer and Guido Stampacchia" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 7 (3): 622–627. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1982-15073-x.
Biographical and general references
- De Angelis, P. L.; Sbordone, C., eds. (1999), "Guido Stampacchia", Matematici all'Istituto Universitario Navale (1926 – 1976) (in Italian), Napoli: Istituto Universitario Navale/RCE Edizioni, pp. 37–38. The chapter on Stampacchia in the book "Mathematicians at the Istituto Universitario Navale (1926 – 1976)" (English translation of the title), collecting brief biographical sketches and bibliographies of the scientific the work produced by the mathematicians who worked at the Parthenope University of Naples during their stay.
- Mazzone, Silvia (2005), "Guido Stampacchia", in Giannessi, Franco; Maugeri, Antonino, Variational analysis and applications, Nonconvex Optimization and Its Applications 79, New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. 47–77, doi:10.1007/0-387-24276-7_5, ISBN 978-0-387-24209-5, MR 2159963, Zbl 1093.01539.