Guiguzi

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Guiguzi
Chinese鬼谷子
Wang Xu
Traditional Chinese王詡
Simplified Chinese王诩

Guiguzi (鬼谷子) is collection of ancient Chinese texts compiled between the late Warring States period and the end of the Han Dynasty. The work, between 6,000–7,000 Chinese characters, discusses techniques of rhetoric based in Taoist thinking.

Authorship[edit]

There has been much speculation about the identity of the writer of Guiguzi, the origin of his name (literally 'The Sage of Ghost Valley') and the authenticity of the work as a whole.[1] While there has been no final outcome to this discussion, Chinese scholars believe that the compilation reflects a genuine corpus of Warring States period writings on political lobbying. While most writers doubt the assertion that the Guiguzi was written by a single personality, the Records of the Grand Historian do refer to a Guigu Xiansheng (鬼谷先生) who taught persuaders Su Qin and Zhang Yi.[2] Guigu Xiansheng is said to have taught famous Warring States generals Sun Bin and Pang Juan.[1] The association of the name Wang Xu (王詡) is not generally held to be supported.[1] Whereas books I and II are attributed to the same author, Book III is likely an addition by a later author.[3] There is no material in the text to support the view held by some that Guiguzi is a book on military tactics.

Contents[edit]

Guiguzi comprises three books, with chapters on different strategies of observation and persuasion.[4]

Book I

  1. Open-Shut
  2. Reflect-Respond
  3. Affect-Fortify
  4. Mend-Break

Book II

  1. Captivate-Capture
  2. Resist-Reconcile
  3. Weighing
  4. Gauging
  5. Assessing
  6. Deploying
  7. Decision-Making
  8. Fundamental Principles
  9. Rotation of Small Shots
  10. Solution to Disorder

Book III

  1. The Primary Doctrine on the Seven Arts of the Yin Mystique
  2. Holding the Pivot
  3. The Central Doctrine

Translations[edit]

There have been translations of Guiguzi into modern Chinese, German, English, and Russian (see below). Almost all modern annotated texts and western translations rely heavily on the explanations of the texts attributed to the Eastern Jin scholar Tao Hongjing.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wu, Hui (2016). Guiguzi, China's First Treatise on Rhetoric: A Critical Translation and Commentary. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press. p. 9. ISBN 9780809335268.
  2. ^ Wu, Hui (2016). Guiguzi, China's First Treatise on Rhetoric: A Critical Translation and Commentary. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press. p. 11. ISBN 9780809335268.
  3. ^ Wu, Hui (2016). Guiguzi, China's First Treatise on Rhetoric: A Critical Translation and Commentary. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois Univerity Press. p. 90. ISBN 9780809335268.
  4. ^ Wu, Hui (2016). Guiguzi, China's First Treatise on Rhetoric: A Critical Translation and Commentary. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press. pp. vii–viii. ISBN 9780809335268.
  5. ^ Wu, Hui (2016). Guiguzi, China's First Treatise on Rhetoric: A Critical Translation and Commentary. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press. p. 10. ISBN 9780809335268.

Further reading[edit]

  • 蕭登福《鬼谷子研究》. 2001 文津出版社
  • 陈宇《鬼谷子兵法破解》. ISBN 7-5065-4584-5/E.2024
  • Guiguzi, China's First Treatise on Rhetoric: A Critical Translation and Commentary. Trans. Hui Wu. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 2016.
  • Thunder in the Sky: Secets on the Acquisition and Exercise of Power. Trans. Thomas Cleary. Boston: Shambbala Books, 1994.
  • Michael Robert Borschat. "'Guiguzi': A Textual Study and Translation". University of Washington Ph.D. Thesis, 1985.
  • Chung Se Kimm, "Kuei-Kuh-Tse: Der Philosoph vom Teufelstal," 1927.
  • Robert van Gulik: 'Kuei-ku-tzu, The Philosopher of the Ghost Vale", "China", XIII, no 2 (May 1939).
  • «Гуй Гу-цзы». В кн: Искусство управления. Сост., пер., вступ. ст. и коммент. В.В. Малявина. М.: «Издательство Астрель»: «Издательство АСТ», 2003. С.244-318.
  • Xu Fuhong. Guiguzi Yan Jiu. Shanghai: Shanghai Classics Press, 2008.
  • Xu Fuhong. Guiguzi Jijiao Jizhu. Beihing: Zhonghua shuju, 2008.
  • Chen Puqing, Guiguzi xiangjie. Changsha, Hunan: Yuelu Press, 2005.
  • Du Yong. "On the Time Record of Guiguzi." Journal of Tianjing Normal University:; Social Science 170.6 (2003): 30-32.
  • Xiao Yuhan. Guiguzi zhuaqi: Quan jie zhanguo diyi quiren mieguozhishu. Beijing: Tuanjie shubanshe, 2002.
  • Xiao Dengfu. Guiguzi Yan Jiu. Taibei, Taiwan: Wenjin Press, 2001.
  • Daniel Coyle. "Guiguzi: On the Cosmological Axes of Chinese Persuasion." Dissertation. University of Hawaii, 1999.
  • Fang Lizhong. Guiguzi quanshu. Beijing: Shumu wenxian chubanshe, 1993.
  • Zhang Jianguo. Guiguzi shiyong zhimou daquan. Beijing: Meteorological Press, 1993.
  • Zhang Shixin. "Demystifying Guiguzi." Journal of Zhejiang Teachers University: Social Science Edition 2 (1990): 42-47.

External links[edit]