Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey

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The Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey (GZTS) is a personality test measuring normal personality developed by J. P. Guilford and Wayne S. Zimmerman in 1948. It is no longer widely available. The GZTS has been used in longitudinal studies, and was effective in tracking common personal developments over time, such as an increase in restraint, and an eventual decline in general activity.[1]

The GZTS was also used in Italy to determine the most common personality profiles of their pilots in the military.[2][3]


General Activity (G)[edit]

Restraint (R)[edit]

Ascendance (A)[edit]

Sociability (S)[edit]

Emotional Stability (E)[edit]

Objectivity (O)[edit]

Friendliness (F)[edit]

Thoughtfulness (T)[edit]

Personal Relations (P)[edit]

Masculinity (M)[edit]


  1. ^ Terracciano, Antonio; McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul T. (March 2006). "Longitudinal Trajectories in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey Data: Results from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging". The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 61 (2): P108–P116. doi:10.1093/geronb/61.2.p108. ISSN 1079-5014. PMC 2754731. PMID 16497954.
  2. ^ Giambelluca, A.; Zizolfi, S. (April 1985). "[The Guilford Zimmerman Temperament Survey (GZTS): concurrent criterion validity. Study of a sample of 150 pilot cadets of the Aeronautics Academy of Pozzuoli]". Rivista di Medicina Aeronautica e Spaziale. 52 (2): 139–149. ISSN 0035-631X. PMID 3880032.
  3. ^ Giambelluca, A.; Zizolfi, S. (January 1985). "[The Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey (GZTS). The results of its first use in military aeronautics: descriptive statistics, intercorrelation matrix and competitive validity with the MMPI. A study on a sample of 150 student officer pilots of the Pozzuoli Aeronautics Academy]". Rivista di Medicina Aeronautica e Spaziale. 52 (1): 29–46. ISSN 0035-631X. PMID 3880382.