19 January 1756 Died
1 October 1814 (aged 58) Nationality
Scientific career Fields
Guillaume-Antoine Olivier (19 January 1756, Toulon – 1 October 1814, Lyon) was a French entomologist.
Olivier studied medicine in
Montpellier, where he became good friends with Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet. With Jean Guillaume Bruguière and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, he collaborated in the creation of Journal d'Histoire Naturelle (1792). Afterwards, he served as a naturalist on a 6-year scientific journey that took him to Asia Minor, Persia, Egypt, Cyprus and Corfu. He returned to France in 1798 with a large collection of natural history specimens from his travels. Later, he was associated with the , where in 1811, he was appointed professor of École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort zoology. Olivier was a close friend of  Johan Christian Fabricius and a patron of Pierre André Latreille.
Although primarily an entomologist, Olivieri also worked in the scientific field of
herpetology, describing several new species of Asian lizards.
A plate from
Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des Insectes
Olivier was the author of
Coléoptères Paris Baudouin 1789 -1808 (11 editions),  Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des Insectes (1808) and Le Voyage dans l'Empire Othoman, l'Égypte et la Perse (1807). He was a contributor to .
Today, most of his collection is housed at the
Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris.
species of lizard, , is named in his honor. Mesalina olivieri
References [ edit ]
JSTOR Global Plants (biography)
"Guillaume Olivier 1756–1814". University of Nebraska–Lincoln . Retrieved . October 2, 2010
^ "Olivier". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
Olivier, Guillaume Antoine (1789). . Paris, France: De l'Imprimerie de Baudoin Entomologie, ou, Histoire naturelle des insectes : avec leurs caractères génériques et spécifiques, leur description, leur synonymie, et leur enluminée / Coléoptères . Retrieved . 17 June 2016
University of Nebraska-Lincoln State Museum - Division of Entomology (biographical information)
^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011).
The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Olivieri", pp. 194-195).
External links [ edit ]