Guillermo Cabrera Infante
Guillermo Cabrera Infante
Portrait of Infante
|Born||Guillermo Cabrera Infante|
April 22, 1929
|Died||February 21, 2005 (aged 75)|
London, United Kingdom
|Pen name||Guillermo Cain|
|Notable awards||Miguel de Cervantes Prize (1997)|
|Spouse||Marta Calvo (1953–1958)|
Miriam Gómez (1961–2005)
|Children||Ana (b. 1954), Carola (b. 1958)|
Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡiˈʎeɾmo kaˈβɾeɾa iɱˈfante]; Gibara, 22 April 1929 – 21 February 2005) was a Cuban novelist, essayist, translator, screenwriter, and critic; in the 1950s he used the pseudonym G. Caín.
A one-time supporter of the Castro regime, Cabrera Infante went into exile to London in 1965. He is best known for the novel Tres Tristes Tigres (literally: "three sad tigers", published in English as Three Trapped Tigers), which has been compared favorably to James Joyce's Ulysses.
Born in Gibara in Cuba's former Oriente Province (now part of Holguín Province), in 1941 he moved with his parents, to Havana, which would be the setting of nearly all of his writings other than his critical works. His parents were founding members of the Cuban Communist Party.
Originally he intended to become a physician, but abandoned that in favor of writing and his passion for the cinema. Starting in 1950, he studied journalism at the University of Havana. Under the Batista regime he was arrested and fined in 1952 for publishing a short story which included several English-language profanities. His opposition to Batista later cost him a short jail term.
He married for the first time in 1953. From 1954 to 1960 he wrote film reviews for the magazine Carteles, using the pseudonym G. Caín; he became its editor in chief, still pseudonymously, in 1957. With the triumph of the Cuban Revolution in 1959 he was named director of the Instituto del Cine. He was also head of the literary magazine Lunes de Revolución, a supplement to the Communist newspaper Revolución; however, this supplement was prohibited in 1961 by Fidel Castro.
He divorced in 1961 and in the same year married his second wife, Miriam Gomez, an actress. Having fallen somewhat out of favor with the Castro regime (the government's ban on a documentary on Havana nightlife made by his brother led to his being forbidden to publish in Cuba), he served from 1962 to 1965 in Brussels, Belgium, as a cultural attaché. During this time, his sentiments turned against the Castro regime; after returning to Cuba for his mother's funeral in 1965, he went into exile, first in Madrid, then in London.
In 1966 he published Tres Tristes Tigres, a highly experimental, Joycean novel, playful and rich in literary allusions, which intended to do for Cuban Spanish what Mark Twain had done for American English, recording the great variety of its colloquial variations. It won the 1964 Premio Biblioteca Breve for best unpublished novel.
Although he is considered a part of the famed "Latin American Boom" generation of writers that includes his contemporary Gabriel García Márquez, he disdained the label. Ever an iconoclast, he even rejected the label "novel" for his masterpieces, such as Tres Tristes Tigres and La Habana para un infante difunto. He was influential to Puerto Rican and Cuban writers such as Luis Rafael Sánchez (La guaracha del Macho Camacho) and Fernando Velázquez Medina (Última rumba en La Habana).
- Así en la paz como en la guerra (1960, "In peace as in war"; a pun on a line from the Lord's Prayer), short story collection
- Twentieth Century Job (1963, published in Spanish as "Un oficio del siglo XX"), collection of film reviews
- Tres Tristes Tigres (1967, published in English as Three Trapped Tigers; the original title refers to a Spanish-language tongue-twister, and literally means "Three Sad Tigers"; portions of this were later republished as Ella cantaba boleros), novel
- Vista del amanecer en el trópico (1974, published in English as "A View of Dawn in the Tropics"), novel
- O (1975), short story / essay collection
- Exorcismos de esti(l)o (1976, "Exorcisms of style"; estilo means style and estío, summertime), novel/short story collection
- La Habana para un Infante Difunto (1979, published in English as Infante's Inferno; the Spanish title is a pun on "Pavane pour une infante defunte", title of a piano piece by Maurice Ravel), novel
- Holy Smoke (1985, in English, later translated into Spanish as Puro Humo), a fictionalized "history" of cigars
- Mea Cuba (1991, the title implies "My Cuba" but also means "Cuba Pisses" or "Cuba is Pissing" and is a pun on "Mea Culpa"), political essays
- Arcadia todas las noches (1995, "Arcadia every night"), essays
- Delito por bailar el chachachá (1995, in English: Guilty of Dancing the ChaChaCha, 2001, translated by himself), short story collection
- Ella Cantaba Boleros (1996, "She Sang Boleros", consists of sections taken from Tres Tristes Tigres), two novellas
- Cine o sardina (1997, "Cinema or sardine", alludes to the choice his mother gave him between eating and going to the movies), collection of articles
- Vidas para leerlas (1998, "Lives to be read"), essays
- El Libro de las Ciudades (1999, "The Book of the Cities"), collection of writings
- Todo está hecho con espejos: Cuentos casi completos (1999, trans. "Everything is Made with Mirrors: Nearly Complete Stories"), short story collection
- Infantería (2000, title is a pun on his name and the Spanish for "infantry"), collection of writings
- La ninfa inconstante (2008, "The Inconstant Nymph", posthumous), novel
- Cuerpos divinos (2010, "Heavenly Bodies", posthumous), autobiographical novel
- Mapa dibujado por un espía (2013, "Map Drawn by a Spy", posthumous), novel
- Cabrera Infante's Tres tristes tigres: the trapping effect of the signifier over subject and text / Hartman, Carmen Teresa., 2003
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante: assays, essays and other arts / Nelson, Ardis L., 1999
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante: two islands, many worlds / Souza, Raymond D., 1996
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante and the cinema / Hall, Kenneth E., 1989
- Novel lives: the fictional autobiographies of Guillermo Cabrera Infante and Mario Vargas Llosa / Feal, Rosemary Geisdorfer., 1986
- Cabrera Infante in the Menippean tradition / Nelson, Ardis L., 1983
- A critical study of Tres tristes tigres by Guillermo Cabrera Infante / C.A.H.J Scheybeler., 1977
- Seven voices; seven Latin American writers talk to Rita Guibert. / Guibert, Rita., 1973
- Tongue Ties: Logo-Eroticism in Anglo-Hispanic Literature/ Pérez Firmat, Gustavo, 2003
- Buscando a Caín / Elizabeth Mirabal y Carlos Velazco., 2012
- Sobre los pasos del cronista/ Elizabeth Mirabal y Carlos Velazco., 2011.
- Acoso y ocaso de una ciudad : La Habana de Alejo Carpentier y Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Yolanda Izquierdo., 2002
- Para leer Vista del amanecer en el trópico de Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Celina Manzoni., 1999
- El heraldo de las malas noticias : Guillermo Cabrera Infante : ensayo a dos voces / Jacobo Machover., 1996
- Cabrera Infante y otros escritores latinoamericanos / Ignacio Díaz Ruiz., 1992
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante : La Habana, el lenguaje y la cinematografía / Ernesto Gil López., 1985
- Discontinuidad y ruptura en Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Isabel Alvarez-Borland., 1982
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Rosa María Pereda., 1979
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante y Tres tristes tigres / Reynaldo L Jiménez., 1977
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante / Julián Ríos., 1974
- La nueva novela hispanoamericana y Tres tristes tigres / José Sánchez-Boudy., 1971
- "Guillermo Cabrera Infante". The New York Times.
- An Interview with Guillermo Cabrera Infante Center for book culture Archived August 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- An appreciation of Guillermo Cabrera Infante by Dionisio D. Martinez Archived September 9, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- Obiols, Isabel (April 15, 1999). "El mexicano Jorge Volpi gana el Biblioteca Breve en la 'resurrección' del premio" [The Mexican Jorge Volpi Wins the Biblioteca Breve in the 'Resurrection' of the Award]. El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
- Greenspun, Roger (March 25, 1971). "Vanishing Point (1971) A Lot of Speed and Loads of Hair". The New York Times.
- Alfred Mac Adam (Spring 1983). "Guillermo Cabrera Infante, The Art of Fiction No. 75". The Paris Review.
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante (in Spanish, part of Biografías y Vidas). Retrieved February 22, 2005.
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante (in Spanish, from a site about the Premio Cervantes). Retrieved February 22, 2005.
- Guillermo Cabrera Infante (in Spanish, from LiteraturaCubana.com). Retrieved February 22, 2005.
- "Cuban-born novelist Guillermo Cabrera Infante dies", Associated Press obituary, on the site of The Guardian. Retrieved February 22, 2005.