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Guillermo Gómez-Peña is a Chicano performance artist, writer, activist, and educator. Gómez-Peña has created work in multiple media, including performance art, experimental radio, video, photography and installation art. His ten books include essays, experimental poetry, performance scripts and chronicles in both English, Spanish and Spanglish. He is a founding member of the art collective Border Arts Workshop/Taller de Arte Fronterizo and director of the performance art troupe La Pocha Nostra.
Gómez-Peña has contributed to cultural debates for nearly 30 years staging seminal performance art pieces including "The Couple in the Cage (with Coco Fusco, 1992-93), “The Crucifiction Project” (with Roberto Sifuentes, 1994), “Temple of Confessions” (1995), “The Mexterminator Project” (1997–99),The Living Museum of Fetishized Identities, (1999-2002), the “Mapa/Corpo” series (2004-2009), Corpo Ilicito (2010-2011) and most recently Corpo Insurrecto (2012-2013). His performance work mixes experimental aesthetics, activist politics, Spanglish humor and audience participation to create a "total experience" for the audience member/reader/viewer.
Guillermo Gómez-Peña was born in Mexico City in 1955. He studied Linguistics and Latin American Literature at National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) from 1974–1978. He moved to the US in 1978 and studied at California Institute of the Arts, earning a B.A. in 1981 and an M.A. in 1983.
From 1983 until 1990, Gómez-Peña lived in the San Diego/Tijuana border region. Most of his artistic and intellectual work concerns the interface between North and South (Mexico and the U.S.), border culture and the politics of the brown body. His original interdisciplinary arts projects and books explore borders, physical, cultural and otherwise, between his two countries and between the mainstream U.S. and the various Latino cultures: the U.S.-Mexico border itself, immigration, cross-cultural and hybrid identities, and the confrontation and misunderstandings between cultures, languages and races. Gómez-Peña was a founding member of Border Arts Workshop/Taller de Arte Fronterizo, an international arts collective based at the Centro Cultural de la Raza in San Diego.
His artwork and literature also explore the politics of language, the side effects of globalization, "extreme culture," the culture of violence and new technologies from a Latino perspective. He is a patron of the London-based Live Art Development Agency and a Senior Fellow of the Hemispheric Institute of Performance and Politics (NYU).
La Pocha Nostra
Gómez-Peña is the artistic director of the international performance troupe La Pocha Nostra. La Pocha Nostra is a trans-disciplinary arts organization that provides a support network and forum for artists of various disciplines, generations and ethnic backgrounds. La Pocha is devoted to erasing the borders between art and politics, art practice and theory, artist and spectator. La Pocha Nostra has intensely focused on the notion of collaboration across national borders, race, gender and generations as an act of radical citizen diplomacy and as a means to create temporary communities of rebel artists. Every year, La Pocha conducts a summer and a winter performance art school in which Pocha’s radical pedagogy (a performance methodology that has been developed during the last 10 years) is shared with an international group of rebel artists.
Gómez-Peña's work with La Pocha Nostra has been presented across the US, Canada, Mexico, Latin America, Europe, Russia, Australia and South Africa. In recent years, the troupe has presented work at Tate Modern (London), Arnolfini (Bristol), the Guggenheim Museum (New York), LACMA (Los Angeles), the House of World Cultures and the Volksbuhne (Berlin), MACBA (Barcelona), El Museo de la Ciudad (Mexico City) and the Encuentros Hemisféricos in Lima, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Buenos Aires and São Paulo. Gomez-Peña and La Pocha Nostra have participated in the following Biennales: Havana,The Withney, Sydney, Liverpool, Thessaloniki and Mercosur. The troupe’s photo performances are now in the permanent collection of Daros Foundation (Zurich) and Galeria Artificios (Gran Canaria).
Collaboration with Coco Fusco
Gómez-Peña traveled internationally for two years with fellow artist Coco Fusco performing The Year of the White Bear and Two Undiscovered Amerindians Visit the West (1992–1994), a satirical performance piece in which the two artists were exhibited in a cage in museums and at arts festivals as "authentic" Amerindians from a previously undiscovered island off the Mexican coast. The pair dressed up in a hodgepodge of ethnic drag and bits of Americana such as a baseball cap and grass skirt in the case of Fusco, and face paint and a leopard-skin wrestling mask for Gómez-Peña. Coco Fusco described the piece as "a satirical commentary both on the Quincentenary celebrations and on the history of this practice of exhibiting human beings from Africa, Asia, and Latin America in Europe and the United States in zoos, theaters, and museums." During its run, the critically acclaimed piece was performed at major museums and arts festivals in New York, Washington, DC, Los Angeles, Chicago and Madrid, Spain, amongst others.
The Year of the White Bear was sometimes accompanied by a performance piece entitled New World (B)Order, which Chicago Reader art critic Carmela Rago called "the denouement of the performance installation at the Field Museum; using irony and humor Gomez-Pena and Fusco allowed us to contemplate the next step--being part of a world border culture, reclaiming our humanity and our hearts." The artists also worked with filmmaker Paula Heredia to create The Couple in the Cage: Guatianaui Odyssey, a documentary that records several performances for The Year of the White Bear as well as viewer reactions to the work.
Besides working in an ongoing basis with La Pocha Nostra (Emma Tramposch, Roberto Sifuentes, Michele Ceballos, Violeta Luna, Dani d'Emilia, Saul Garcia Lopez, Erica Mott and Daniel Brittany Chavez) Gómez-Peña has done collaborative art projects with James Luna, Reverend Billy, Tania Bruguera, Richard Montoya and Sara Shelton Mann.
Awards and honors
- United States Artists Fellow award, 2012
- The Free Culture Award, 2012
- Cineaste Lifetime Achievement Award, 2000
- The American Book Award for New World Border, 1997
- Viva Los Artistas Award, 1993
- John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Fellowship, 1991. Gómez-Peña was the first Chicano artist to receive this award.
- Prix de la Parole, 1989
- The Bessie Award, 1989
- The Fleishhacker Foundation Eureka Fellowship, 2016
- Warrior for Gringostroika (book, Graywolf Press, 1993, ISBN 1-55597-199-7)
- The New World Border: Prophecies, Poems & Loqueras for the End of the world (book, City Lights, 1996) ISBN 978-0-87286-313-2
- Temple of Confessions: Mexican Beasts and Living Santos (book, powerHouse Books, 1997, ISBN 978-1576870044)
- Dangerous Border Crossers (book, Routledge, 2000)
- Codex Espangliensis (book, City Lights, 2000) ISBN 978-0-87286-367-5
- "Ethno-Techno: Writings on Performance, Activism and Pedagogy (book, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 978-0415362481)
- El Mexterminator (book, Oceano, 2005) Spanish.
- Bitacora del Cruce (book, Fondo de Cultura Economica, 2006) Spanish and Spanglish.
- Conversations Across Borders (book, Seagull Books, 2011) Laura Levin ed.
- Exercises for Rebel Artists (book, Routledge, 2011)
- Border Clasicos (An anthology of all his video works, 1988-2008, Video Data Bank)
- Homo Fronterizus (A collection of his collaborations with filmmaker Gustavo Vazquez, 2008, Onbound store, Live Art Development Agency, London)
- "Ethno-techno: Los video grafitis" (A collaboration with Daniel Salazar, Gustavo Vazquez, and Jethro Rothe-Kushel, 1990–2005)
Selected performances and events
- The International Theatre is in the Festival of the Americas, Montreal (1988)
- The Demons of Los Angeles. France, Spain, and Sweden (1989)
- Bienal de la Habana, Cuba (1989)
- The Decade Show, New York (1990)
- Time Festival, Ghent, Belgium (1990)
- EDGE ’90. Newcastle, England (1990)
- The Los Angeles Festival, Los Angeles (1990)
- The Next Wave Festival. Brooklyn Academy of Music New York (1991)
- The Festival of the Worlds, Finland (1991)
- EDGE ’92. Madrid, London (1992)
- The Sydney Biennial, Australia (1992)
- The Los Angeles Festival, Los Angeles (1993)
- Whitney Biennial, New York (1993)
- Fundación Banco Patricios, Buenos Aires (1993)
- Rompeforma, Puerto Rico (1993)
- The Hamburg Theatre Festival, Germany (1993)
- LIFT, London (1993)
- Banff Centre, Canada (1994)
- 3er Festival de Performance, Mexico City (1994)
- Ante-América. Colombia, Dominican Republic, Mexico and the US (1994)
- Helsinki Act, Finland (1995)
- LIFT, London (1995)
- X-Teresa Museum, Mexico City (1995)
- Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (1996)
- 5Cyberconf, Madrid (1996)
- Polverigi Theatre Festival, Italy (1996)
- Szene Festival, Salzburg, Austria (1996)
- Neutral Ground artist centre, Regina, SK (1997)
- ARS Electronica. Lintz, Austria (1997)
- Root/less Festival, Hull, England (1997)
- Inroads, Arts International, Miami (1998)
- Caribe 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico. (1999)
- Le Lieu International Performance Festival, Quebec, Canada (1999)
- Sonart (MACBA), Barcelona, Spain (1999)
- Encontro Hemisferico, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (2000)
- Eventa 5, Sweden (2000)
- International Theater Festival, Havana, Cuba (2001)
- Experiències: Barcelona Art Report, La Capella, Barcelona, Spain (2001)
- Ayuntamiento de la Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (2001)
- Performance Space, Sydney, Australia (2001)
- Espacio C. Santander, Spain (2001)
- Encuentro Hemisférico, Lima, Peru (2002)
- House of World Cultures, Berlin, Germany (2002)
- Liverpool Biennale, Liverpool, England (2002)
- Tate Modern, London, UK (2003)
- Performance Space, Sydney, Australia (2003)
- Center for Performance Research, Aberystwyth, Wales (2003)
- Muffathalle, Munich, Germany (2003)
- Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY (2004)
- Cervantino Festival, Guanajuato, Mexico (2004)
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), Los Angeles, CA (2005)
- Bienal del Mercosur, Porto Alegre, Brazil (2005)
- Galeria Artificios, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands (2005)
- Center for Performance Research, Aberystwyth, Wales (2006)
- PSI (Performance Studies Internacional), London (2006)
- de Young Museum, San Francisco (2006)
- Festival “Escrita na Paisagem,” Evora, Portugal (2007)
- Centro Cultural La Recoleta, Buenos Aires, Argentina (2007)
- The “Prognoses” Festival, HAU Theater, Berlin (2008)
- DIA Museum, Detroit (2008)
- La Habana Biennial, Habana, Cuba (2009)
- The Maison Folie, Mons, Belgium (2009)
- Thessaloniki Biennal, Greece (2009)
- Gala Theater, Washington, DC (2010)
- The Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (2010)
- Instituto Buena Bista, Curacao, Netherlands (2010)
- Smithsonian Museum of American History, Washington, DC (2010)
- Danube Festival, Vienna, Austria (2010)
- National Review of Live Arts, Glasgow, Scotland (2010)
- Gordon Institute for Performing Arts, Cape Town South Africa (2010)
- Museo de Las Americas, Denver, CO (2011)
- Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (2011)
- FIT, São José do Rio Preto, Brazil (2012)
- KIASMA, Helsinki, Finland (2012)
- Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno (CAAM), Gran Canaria, Spain (2012)
- Steirischer Herbst, Graz, Austria (2012)
- Brooklyn International Performance Art Festival Brooklyn, New York (2013)
- San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA (2013)
- Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil (2013)
- Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA (2013)
- REDCAT, Los Angeles, CA (2013)
- University of British Columbia, Canada (2014)
- The Fort Mason Center, San Francisco, CA (2014)
- Venice Performance Art Week, Italy (2014)
- University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (2014)
- MACBA, Barcelona, Spain (2015)
- "TAPS presents Guillermo Gómez-Peña". Stanford University, Theater and Performance Studies. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "Guillermo Gómez-Peña". Video Data Bank. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Allatson, Paul. "Guillermo Gómez-Peña." The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Multiethnic American Literature. Ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 2005. Vol. 2: pp. 858-59
- "Biographical Sketch: Guillermo Gómez-Peña". A World of Art. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "Mission Statement". Border Art Workshop. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Fox, Claire F. The Fence and The River: Culture and Politics at the U.S.-Mexico Border. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.
- Johnson, Anna (Winter 1993). "Coco Fusco and Guillermo Gómez-Peña". BOMB Magazine. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Rago, Carmela (January 28, 1993). "Specimens From the New World". Chicago Reader. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- "The Couple in the Cage: Guatianaui Odyssey". Video Data Bank. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- United States Artists Official Website
- "Guillermo Gómez-Peña". Retrieved 2006-12-06.
- Biographical note on the site of Graywolf Press
- Guillermo Gómez-Peña at Video Data Bank; this includes detailed descriptions of his videos.
- Interview on Art Practical
- Guillermo Gómez-Peña & La Pocha Nostra on the Hemispheric Institute Digital Video Library (HIDVL)
- Official site of Gómez-Peña and La Pocha Nostra (requires Macromedia Flash)
- Official Photo Blog of Gomez-Peña
- Official Guide to La Pocha Nostra Online