Guillermo Silva Santamaria
|Guillermo Silva Santamaria|
7 June 1921|
|Died||29 June 2007
Guillermo Silva Santamaria (7 June 1921 - 29 June 2007) was a Colombian painter, printmaker and Surrealist. He was a recognized master of intaglio and exhibited his works on 4 continents during his lengthy career. He trained many students in his techniques during his teaching career in Mexico before moving to India and settling in Europe.
Guillermo Silva Santamaria was born 7 June 1921 in Bogotá, Colombia. In 1937, he went to Paris and studied with the French master Pierre Daguet an impressionist style similar to Van Gogh. After 2 years, he returned to Colombia, but had no success with his art and took a job in a pharmaceutical company.
He continued to study art, and participated in art shows, holding his first solo exhibit in 1948. That same year, he travelled to the United States and France, returning to Bogatá in 1949 to establish the first stained glass workshop in Colombia with French artist Jean Crotti. Silva began teaching at the Escuela de Bellas Artes (School of Fine Arts) in 1950 and again was studying in Europe in 1951. For a decade, he struggled with his art, but after a vacation to Machu Picchu in Peru, he began producing geometric abstractions. Praise from his contemporaries led him to move to Mexico in 1956, where he studied engraving with Isidoro Ocampo at Escuela Nacional de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado "La Esmeralda". The following year, Silva traveled to St. Louis, Missouri to take a printmaking course at Washington University. His first show in the US occurred in 1957 and he returned to Mexico City and began teaching at the Iberoamericana University and later at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
Silva's works demonstrated his mastery of intaglio and he was credited with being unequaled in Latin America. His technique was praised as "unique" achieving an apparent incision of inks by controlled viscosity. Though often depicting gruesome themes, the works were satirically presented social commentaries. He held his first European show Sweden in 1961 and that same year won the first prize of engraving at The Canadian Painters and Etchers Society exhibition held at the Royal Ontario Museum.
In the 1970s, Silva worked in a studio in Mexico City as well as one in Malaga, Spain and exhibited widely from New York to Toronto, to Spain, to Mexico City, to Arizona, to New Mexico. In addition, his works were exhibited in the Bogotá Museum of Modern Art Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Brooklyn Museum, the Jewish Center of San Diego, the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, the London Museum, Museum of Modern Art in New York, La Escuela Nacional de Belles Artes Arango (The National School of Fine Arts, Arango) in Bogata, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and Santiago Museum of Contemporary Art, among others.
He lived in India for 10 years in the 1980s studying yoga and then returned to Malaga, Spain, where he continued to paint and took up sculpting as well. From 1993 until his death, Silva spent his summers in Norway exhibiting his works. He died in his motor home near Roenland, Norway on 29 June 2007 and was buried in Jevnaker, Norway on 3 July 2007. His exhibit which was scheduled to open August 5 was to continue as planned.
- "El Escultor Guillermo Silva Expone Desde Hoy 24 Obras en El Jardin Botanico la Concepcion" (in Spanish). Malagaes, Spain: Noticia de Malagaes. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Guillermo Silva Santamaria". van Dyk Gallery. van Dyk Gallery. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Moreno Clavijo, Jorge (1966). "Un artista andariego: El pintor Guillermo Silva". Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: Subgerencia Cultural del Banco de la República. 9 (4): 740–741. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Diccionario de Artistas en Colombia, Letra S, Parte 3" (in Spanish). Bogotá, Colombia: Subgerencia Cultural del Banco de la República. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "An Exhibition of Etchings". Phoenix, Arizona: Arizona Republic. 9 November 1969. p. 217. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Cassidy Gallery Exhibits Works of Guillermo Silva Santamaria". Albuquerque, New Mexico: Albuquerque Journal. 14 January 1973. p. 26. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Guillermo Silva Santamaria's 'The Law of the Strongest' Fantasy and Humor Mark His Cassidy Gallery Exhibit". Albuquerque, New Mexico: Albuquerque Journal. 20 January 1974. p. 25. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Montero, Esteban (2007). "Silva" (PDF). Aehcos Magazine (in Spanish). Málaga, Spain: Asociación de Empresarios Hoteleros de la Costa del Sol: 25–27. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- "Guillermo Silva Santamaria Biography". The Annex Galleries. Santa Rosa, California: The Annex Galleries. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Christensen, Anne Gro (21 June 2007). "Ingen sommer uten Silva" (in Norwegian). Hønefoss, Norway: Ringerikes Blad. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Christensen, Anne Gro (3 July 2007). "Silva er død" (in Norwegian). Hønefoss, Norway: Ringerikes Blad. Retrieved 25 April 2015.