Guimba, Nueva Ecija
Guimba Town Hall
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Guimba
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Jose Francis Steven M. Dizon|
|• Total||245.29 km2 (94.71 sq mi)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class; partially urban|
Guimba is a first class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 104,894 people. It was incorporated by the King of Spain by virtue of a royal decree in 1897. It is known as the Organic Capital of Nueva Ecija and the Mushroom Capital of Nueva Ecija.
Guimba came from the Ilocano term 'Gebba' which was the process of heating molded clay pots in a pit until they turn reddish and durable. Tree stumps were made into large pieces of charcoal. The live charcoals were placed underneath the clay pots. After a few hours these were hardened and ready to bring out from the pit and ready for use.
The story goes, once a Spanish visited the place where most of the residents are engaged in pottery making. The foreigner stopped and asked the earth-bakers this question in a nasalized manner, 'Que jugar este?'. The foreigner asked what this place was. The natives misunderstood the question and were asked what they were doing, so they answered “GEBBA” pointing to the ground. The foreigner repeated the word as they left the place “GHEBHA” in a nasalized way, pronouncing through their aquiline nose. Since full Spanish occupation was done in the area, the place was called Guimba.
The early Ilocano settlers brought with them the wonder image of Apo San Juan so they called the place San Juan de Guimba. In the American period, a resolution on the town separated the term 'Guimba' from 'Apo San Juan', thus its present name. But Apo San Juan remains as its Patron Saint.
What is now the town of Guimba was once a vast ecological rainforest which was part of the Central Luzon Rainforest during precolonial time, before the arrival of the Spanish. The area is believed to be inhabited by no permanent communities, rather, it is inhabited by hunter-gatherer societies, mainly Ilonggots. The area was once part of the huge territory that the Empire of Tondo, with its capital in a much forested Manila. In the collapse of the Empire of Tondo after the subjugaton of Brunei, the area was transitioned into a free zone once again, where hunter-gatherers abounded. The area is also believed to once have been visited by migrating Aetas, Cordillerans, Ilokanos, and Ilonggots.
The first Ilocano settlers, arriving in wooden carts and horsebacks, cleared the thick forests and planted the first rice seeds in February 20, 1865, according to an old and brownish record found by Guimba's former Parish priest, Rev. Agustin "Gus" Polong, MSC. They called the area 'San Juan de Guimba' in honor of the patron saint the settlers brought from Ilocos, San Juan, and combined it with the pot-making industry called 'gebba' which they used to do in the old land. Since then, rice became the primary agricultural crop in the area. Due to this, it became the province of Nueva Ecija’s traditional top rice producing area in the 20th century.
More settlers arrived mostly from the old towns of Bacarra, Paoay, and Candon of the Ilocos provinces. Among the families who came were the Galapons, Mateos, Cudals, Padres, Cayogs, Romanos, Silvestres, Capinpuyans, Batangans, Faigals, Sumawangs, and Catabonas. What would be the town of Guimba is a relatively organized community when the Spanish colonialists arrived and appointed Don Luis De Ocampo as the first Gobernadorcillo, and later, Don Pablo Ramos and Santiago Cudal.
The Spanish left and the Americans came and in 1912, the town’s name was abbreviated to Guimba with Don Alfonso Faigal as the first Alcalde Mayor. St. John the Evangelist though remains to be its patron saint. The first municipal hall was also built during this year in what is now known as Faigal Street. The Plaza Municipal evolved and what will become the public market started its commerce.
A foot bridge was constructed during the administration of the late Hon. Agustin Vigilia, Alcalde Mayor. This foot bridge was constructed across the Binituran River leading to the northern barrios like San Andres, Balbalino, Gueset, Baybayabas, Cinence, Nangabulan to barangay Talugtug from the Parairo Street.
Later this wooden bridge was demolished and transferred it to the present site north of the Faigal St. This was known as Faigal Bridge going to the north, to the municipality of Talugtug. Other infrastructures were put up with the public market and cleared the space for the Municipal Plaza, now the midtown municipal park.
In 1941, during the Japanese regime the late Hon. Juan Villamar was appointed Municipal Mayor. During World War II, the Imperial Japanese military forces entered and occupied Guimba in 1942. At daybreak of January 26, to August 15, 1945, advance reconnaissance units of the American troops under the U.S. Army 6th Infantry Division and aided by the local Filipino soldiers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 2nd, 22nd, 25th and 26th Infantry Division liberated Guimba and, within hours, established outposts nine miles farther to the east along the Licab River and La Paz. Combined U.S. and Philippine Commonwealth military forces liberated the town of Guimba in 1945 and ended World War II.
In 1963, Dr. Virgilio Calica was the Mayor and it was during his term that the old Municipal Hall was constructed, the present site of our new municipal hall constructed in year 2004. This building was demolished during the administration of Jose Bopet Dizon and the new Municipal Hall was constructed and occupied in 2006.
In 2006, Guimba with it progress in terms of income, population and various infrastructure projects, it became a first class A municipality. The municipality is now known not just for its agriculture significance but also for its festival, Ragragsak Ti-Guimba.
It is expected that in the near future, due to Guimba's agricultural, demographic, and economic significance, it will become a full-fledged city.
|Population census of Guimba|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Geography and climate
Guimba is in the Western part of Nueva Ecija Province. It is 153 Kilometers northwest of Manila. It is 36 kilometers away from Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija and 33 Kilometers away from Tarlac City.
- Land Area
Guimba is considered as the biggest town in Nueva Ecija, It covers a land area of 25,853.2330 hectares.
- Political Subdivisions
- Ayos Lomboy
- Bagong Barrio
- Balingog East
- Balingog West
- Caingin Tabing Ilog
- Cawayan Bugtong
- Manggang Marikit
- Narvacan I
- Narvacan II
- Partida I
- Partida II
- Pasong Intsik
- Saint John District (Pob.)
- San Agustin
- San Andres
- San Bernardino
- San Marcelino
- San Miguel
- San Rafael
- San Roque
- Santa Ana
- Santa Cruz
- Santa Lucia
- Santa Veronica District (Pob.)
- Santo Cristo District (Pob.)
- Saranay District (Pob.)
- Tampac I
- Tampac II & III
There are two types of climate in the town. Dry season from November to June. And rainy seasons from July to October, while there are three recognized types of soil in its territory:
- Bantug Clay loam
- Guingua slit loam
- San Fabian Clay loam
Municipal elected official (2013–present):
- Jose Francis Stevens M. Dizon, Mayor
- Nestor A. Bernardino, Vice Mayor
- Jose Eulogio Rosalino M. Dizon
- Florante "Tony" D. Agapito
- Edgardo "Gary" P. Mangalino
- Casimiro Galapon Jr.
- Felix D. R. Lumang
- Eric Mateo
- Lino "Jay-ar" Padre Jr.
- Rodolfo B. Payog
- St. John Parish Church
- Midtown Municipal Park
- Guimba Jose Rizal Monument
- Old Capitol Building
- Philippine National Railway Station in Guimba (lay in ruins)
- Various Spanish Era Ancestral Houses (not preserved and slowly being transformed into cement houses)
- Triala's Mansion (formerly owned by Nueva Ecija's revolutionary leader, General Manuel Tinio)
- Various barangay churches in the municipality
- Historical courts and bridges built in Spanish, American, and Japanese periods like Faigal Bridge (not conserved)
- Historical Guimba Public Cemetery
- Various barangay landmark sculptures like those in Pasong Inchik's intersection road
- Guimba Jose Rizal Monument
- Garlic Oil Paintings (featured in Ripley's, and GMA) now recognized pieces of art
- Faigal Bridge
- Various artifacts and books in the Guimba Heritage Center (1st Floor of the Old Municipal Building)
- 1. Don Luis de Ocampo
- 2. Don Pablo Ramos
- 3. Don Santiago Cudal
American Period to Contemporary Period:
- 1. Don ALFONSO FAIGAL (1865-1868)
- 2. Don GINES ONGJIANGCO (1869-1872)
- 3. Don JUAN SARMIENTO (1873-1876)
- 4. Don SATURNINO SANTIAGO(1877-1880)
- 5. Don PABLO MEDINA (1881-1884)
- 6. Don CENON RICO (1885-1888)
- 7. Don ANDRES AFAN SALVADOR (1889-1891)
- 8. Don MARTIN BAGAIN (1892-1895)
- 9. Don ESTEBAN DUBAL (1896-1899)
- 10. Don LUIS DE OCAMPO (1900-1903)
- 11. Don PABLO RAMOS (1910-1912)
- 12. Don SANTIAGO CUDAL (1912-1916)
- 13. Don SIMON SAWIT (1916-1919)
- 14. Don EUSEBIO TABAQUIN (1921-1922)
- 15. Don FELIX RAMENTO (1922-1925)
- 16. Don AGUSTIN VIGILIA (1925-1928)
- 17. Don ALFONSO FAIGAL (1928-1937)
- 18. Don JUAN VILLAMAR (1941-1943)
- 19. Don PEDRO CORPUS (1943-1945)
- 20. Don ANACLETO RAMOS (1945-1948)
- 21. Hon. GIL DIZON (1948-1952)
- 22. Hon. ARSENIO PADRE (1953-1955)
- 23. Hon. VIRGILIO CALICA (1956-1957)
- 24. Hon. INOCENCIO GARAMPIL (1964-1967)
- 25. Hon. SEVERINO BERNARDINO (1968-1980)
- 26. Hon. VIRGILIO CALICA (1981-1983)
- 27. Hon. ANASTACIO ORTIZ (1983-1984)
- 28. Hon. JOSE DIZON (1988-1992)
- 29. Hon. CESAR V. CUCIO (1992-1995)
- 30. Hon. NESTOR BERNARDINO (1995-1998)
- 31. Hon. JOSE LUCIUS POCHOLO DIZON (1998-2007)
- 32. Hon. JOSE FRANCIS STEVENS DIZON (2007–Present)
The Ragragsak Ti Guimba is the annual festival of Guimba. It is composed of various events that begins at February and ends at March, preparations normally start at January. The highlights include Opening Mass, Ms. Guimba, Basketball Competitions, Ms. Gay, Mr. Teen, Opening Band, and the Street Dance which is the most popular.
Historical Sites in Guimba are also drivers of local tourism like the Midtown Municipal Park, Old Capitol Building, St. John Parish Church, etc.
Other tourist attractions:
- ALOHA RESORT (Brgy. San Rafael)
- CRISTINA`S RESORT (Brgy. Cawayan Bugtong)
- LA MANSION HOSTEL (Brgy. Saranay)
- TABING IROG GARDEN RESORT (Brgy. Sta. Cruz)
- SITIO SAN ROQUE LEISURE PARK (Brgy. San Roque)
- PALOMO FARM RESORT (Brgy. Bacayao)
- VILLA CARLOTA RESORT (Brgy. San Rafael)
- Zealand Tours Travel Agency (Brgy. Cawayang Bugtong)
- Guimba Sports Center (Brgy. Sta. Veronica)
- CHILLI TRAVELLERS INN (Brgy. Bacayao)
- D n D APARTELLE AND INN (Brgy. Cawayang Bugtong)
- MANILA GRILL RESTOBAR (Brgy. Sto Cristo)
- GUIMBA TENNIS COURT (Brgy. Sta. Veronica)
- TABING FIRING RANGE (Brgy. Maturanoc)
- GUZZLE & GIVE ME 5 (Brgy. San Roque)
- Lomboy's Grape farm (Brgy. San Banitan)
The education in Guimba has increasingly been improving over the decade. Education is taught by various educational institutions in the municipality which offer mostly Information Technology, Hotel and Restaurant Management, and Teacher Education. Other courses are subsidized by Nueva Ecija's only state university, Central Luzon State University, located in the municipality of Munoz and other colleges in Cabanatuan City, the province' regional economic center. Guimba's educational institutions include:
- Our Lady of the Sacred Heart College, Inc or OLSHCO (Brgy. St. John)
- La Fortuna College Guimba Branch(Brgy. Sta. Veronica)
- AMA Computer Learning Center Guimba Branch (Ongjianco St, Brgy. St. Veronica)
- College for Research and Technology or CRT (Saranay District)
- World Citi College or WCC (Brgy. Saranay)
- ETO School of Science and Technology (Brgy. Santa Veronica)
- BLUN - Bonifacio Luz Natividad Educational Foundation (St. John District, Guimba, Nueva Ecija)
- Bartolome Sangalang National High School (formerly, Guimba National High School. Brgy. St. John)
- Triala National High School (Brgy. Triala)
- Nagpandayan High School (Brgy. Nagpandayan)
- Galvan National High School (Brgy. Galvan)
- San Andres National High School(Brgy. San Andres)
- Pacac High School (Brgy. Pacac)
- Manacsac High School (formerly Nagpandayan High School Annex. Brgy. Manacsac)
- Bartolome Sangalang National High School Annex (Brgy. Macatcatuit)
- College of Advance Technology and Management (Brgy. San Roque)
Guimba has a literacy rate of 97%.
Financial institutions in Guimba include:
- BANCO DE ORO or BDO (Afan Salvador Street)
- PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK (Brgy. Saranay)
- RIZAL COMMERCIAL BANKING CORPORATION (Afan Salvador Street)
- LAND BANK OF THE PHILIPPINES or LBP (Juliano corner Danzalan Street)
- GM BANK (Brgy. Sto Cristo)
- TOWN CALL BANK (Brgy. Sto Cristo)
- FICO BANK (Brgy. Sto Cristo)
- PRODUCERS BANK (Brgy. Sta. Veronica)
- METRO BANK (Brgy. Saranay)
- Labor Force
Most Guimbanians derive their income from agriculture. As such, the agriculture sector ranks first in terms of generating employment for the populace. At the end of year 2006, Guimba had a total labor force of 38,120
- Economic Activities
Guimba economy revolves mainly on agriculture. However, there are also cottages, small and medium scale industries. Local producers are involved in the manufacture of furniture, food processing, panara making, native rice cakes, palay buying, auto parts, clothing, subdivisions, cosmetics, medicine, and construction.
- LGU Income
As of profile years 2008, Guimba has a Total Income of P114,719,462, which 79% of it is Internal Revenue Allotment, 18% locally generated income which includes business tax and other local taxes, real property taxes, income from economic enterprises, fees and charges, and 3% from other source of income.
The town has an employment rate of 74%.
- ROADS and Total length in km.
- a) National roads....................... 41.760
- b) Provincial roads..................... 44.700
- c) Municipal............................ 15.600
- d) Barangay............................. 153.720
- BRIDGES in length (m)
- Bridge along National Road
- Barangay___________________Length (m)
- 2. Bacayao..............................36.00
- Bridge along Provincial Road
- 1. Cavite...............................24.00
- 2. Tampac I..............................5.00
- Bridge along Barangay Road
- 1. Sinulatan............................12.00
- 2. Sta. Lucia...........................24.00
- 3.1 Sta. Ana............................12.00
- 3.2 Bonsobre............................12.00
- 4.1 Macapabellag........................12.00
- 4.2 Macapabellag.........................6.00
- 5. Balbalino............................36.00
- 6. Casongsong...........................16.00
- 7. Macamias.............................36.00
- 8. San Miguel............................6.00
- 9.1 Nagpandayan.........................36.00
- 9.2 Nagpandayan..........................6.00
- 10. Yuzon................................6.00
- TOTAL:.................................220.00 m.
- Bridge along National Road
- DAM / SWIP ( small water impounding project)
- Covering Barangays:
- a) Brgy. San Marcelino..................(8 has.)
- b) Brgy. Catimon........................(5 has. 15 km long)
- c) Brgy. Lennec (San Felipe)...........(60 has.)
- Covering Barangays:
- NIA (Phase I / Casecnan)
- Covering Barangays
- 1) Naglabrahan
- 2) Bunol
- 3) Cabaruan
- 4) Culong
- 5) Triala
- 6) San Bernardino
- 7) Caballero
- 8) Sta. Cruz
- 9) Tampac II & III
- 10) Tampac I
- 11) Manacsac
- 12) Cardinal
- 13) Nagpandayan
- 14) Agcano
- 15) San Roque
- 16) Bantug
- 17) Banitan
- 18) Catimon
- Covering Barangays
Energy and communications
More than half of Guimba's energy is taken from hydro power plants, making it a sustainable town.
Its communications is mainly handles by Digetel, while Globe, TM, Sun Cellular, and Smart are the predominant cellphone services used.
The Guimbanians speaks two dialects namely Tagalog and Ilocano.
Majority of the population are Roman Catholic, while other religions such as Iglesia ni Cristo, Methodist, Seventh Day Adventist, Jehovah`s Witness, Born Again, Islam, and others also exist.
- Native and Adapted Culture
Guimba up to this day is practicing Filipino traditions like pamanhikan, sinadag, sinakulo, hugas kalawang, Holy Week, Santa Cruzan, Flores de Mayo, Patronal feast and town fiesta. An annual home coming ball is also held every December by the Guimba New Year Association while its national festival, Ragragsak Ti Guimba is held for the town's foundation anniversary.
1. JOEL CALDERON (2009 Padyak Pinoy Champion)
- A farmer by day and a tricycle driver by night, Joel Calderon rode the final stage of the 2009 Padyak Pinoy Tour of Champions on a borrowed bike and with the support of Novo Ecijano riders led by fellow Guimbanian Oscar Rindole to become the second Novo Ecijano to be national tour champion since San Jose City’s Armando Catalan in 1988.
2. MARK LAWRENCE LIBUNAO (Indigenous Visual Artist)
- His paintings in garlic oil were first showcased in GMA 7’s “Jessica Soho Report” then by “Ripley’s Believe it or Not” and are now nationally recognized pieces of art.
3. EDMUNDO M. PAEZ (2002 GAWAD OSCAR M. FLORENDO awardee)
- A retired government employee since 2005 from BFAR and son of the late Salvador Esguerra Paez (a former municipal treasurer of the town) & Luzona Mateo, born in 1942 at Bunol, was a national GAWAD OSCAR M. FLORENDO awardee thru his info-material FOTO DIKIT in 2002 as regional info officer of the Bureau of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources (BFAR).
- He is also the Founding Organizer of the oldest and longest running non-competitive relay-run retracing the infamous 1942 DEATH MARCH Trail from Mariveles, Bataan to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac via San Fernando, Pampanga, and popularly known as the ARAW NG KAGITINGAN ULTRA-MARATHON (A Tribute To World War II Veterans)that started a month and several days after the historic EDSA People Power Revolution of 1986. This event, also received three Sports Communicators Organization of the Philippines (SCOOP)plus another citation from the Philippine Sportswriters Association, Inc. (PSA) in 2011.
- President of the SAFER RUNNERS of San Fernando, Inc. (SAFER RUNNERS) the oldest running club in the country that was established in 1978.
- One of national Tabloid BANDERA's 2006 16 SUPER PINOYS for his advocacy run (Araw ng Kagitingan Ultra-Marathon) that he started in April 8 & 9, 1986 and still hits the dreaded route this year.
4. RUSSEL B. VERA (Professional Boxer)
- Professional boxer since 2008. He started boxing at 13 years old and now has 19 wins, 1 loss, and 8 knockouts in the paperweight division.
5. F.M. REYES (Director of ABS-CBN)
- Director of the famous ABS-CBN network. He is married to Rita Avila (Aha E. Reyes) and he is a cum laude in UP Diliman with the degree of Film & Audio Visual Communications in 1993.
6. Atty. EDWIN F. JACOBA (Politician)
- Was born on January 7, 1944 in Guimba, Nueva Ecija. He finished his High School in Corigidor College. He finished his of Arts in Political Science at the University of the Philippines in 1963. He pursued his interest at U.P. College of Law graduated in 1968 and passed the Bar the year after. In 1981, he was a Fulbright Scholar at the Department of Political Science, University of Kansas Lawrence, U.S.A.
- He served the government in difference capacities from 1964 until his death and had carved a distinction of being an ecellent and respectable administrator in the field of public Service. Among the position he held in government were: Vice President of Development and Assistant Profession in Community Development, Mindanao State University. Marawi City, 1987-1988; Secretary, Senate of the Philippines,19-1991; Executive Director, Senate of the Agriculture and Fisheries Council (NAFC) 1998-1999 Director Agriculture Training Institute, 1999-March 2003.
- He was a project leader in implement in Various project development areas such as education, local government, and mass having with an outstanding experience in public/government and private sector.
- In recognition of his significant contribution of public Service, he was recognized by the Municipality of Guimba as its outstanding citizen, in 1990. He was also bestowed the Fraternity Award of Legal Education by the Sigma Rho Fraternity U.P. College of Law in 1987 and the Guimba Association Award in Education in 1975.
7. EDWIN WILWAYCO (Fine Artist) Born in Guimba, Nueva Ecija on July 18, 1952. In 1982, he graduated in a British Council School for Painting, West Surrey College of Art and Design in Farnham, England. In 1972, he finished Bachelor of Fine Arts in University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City. He has made exhibits all over the world from the Philippines, Germany, USA, Sweden, Iran, Latvia, Estonia, and Japan. 8. Odessa Mae Lucquiao Tadaya (Beauty Queen) (born in Guimba, Nueva Ecija, Philippines) is the first representative of the Philippines in the Miss Heritage pageant, a newly established beauty pageant founded in Zimbabwe. She was crowned Miss Heritage 2014 during the 2nd edition of the pageant held on December 20, 2014 in Johannesburg, South Africa.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guimba, Nueva Ecija.|
- Guimba Official Site
- Pasyalan Nueva Ecija
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
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