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Map of Iloilo showing the location of Guimbal
|Region||Western Visayas (Region VI)|
|District||1st district of Iloilo|
|• Mayor||Christine S. Garin|
|• Total||44.61 km2 (17.22 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Density||720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||4th class|
Guimbal is a fourth-class municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. It has been cited by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry as most business-friendly local government unit, 4th -6th class municipal category in Western Visayas, and the cleanest and greenest town in Iloilo. With a 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) shoreline facing the blue waters of the Panay Gulf, it has attracted tourists from different places because of its scenic beaches and inland resorts.
Guimbal produces mango in Iloilo as well as other seasonal fruits. Farming and fishing are among the main sources of livelihood of its people.
Guimbal, a coastal municipality, is located at the south-western part of Iloilo province. It is situated between the coordinates of 1250 57’ longitude, and 100 39’ latitude. It is 29 kilometres (18 mi) from Iloilo City, and has a total land area of 4,461 hectares (11,020 acres). It is only six feet above sea level, and has varying features in terms of its slopes and elevation.
- North: Municipality of Tubungan
- South: Panay Gulf
- East: Municipality of Tigbauan
- West: Municipality of Igbaras
- Southwest: Municipality of Miag-ao
Type I climate, characterized by two district seasons: dry season, which falls from December to May, and the wet season, which is from June to December.
Guimbal is politically subdivided into 33 barangays. 11 within the Poblacion (Town Center) and 22 outside poblacion.
- Bongol San Miguel
- Bongol San Vicente
- Nito-an Lupsag
- Sta. Rosa-Laguna
- Balantad-Carlos Fruto
- Generosa-Cristobal Colon
- Libo-on Gonzales
The first reference to Guimbal by such name in Spanish records appeared in Father Coco’s appendix to Medina’s “The History of the Agustinian Order in the Philippines” Where it referred to the establishment of a convento in Guimbal, Iloilo in 1590.
A closer fact compared to some other writings showed that the name of the municipality was derived from a musical instrument called guimba drum. The Spaniards discovered the settlers using the instrument to warn the people of the coming of the raiding Moro pirates who used to loot the town and capture the natives to be sold as slaves in Mindanao. To show gratitude to the instrument, with high spirit and pride as the unconquered people, the inhabitants named their settlement Guimbal.
|Population census of Guimbal|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
A 45-minute drive from Iloilo City, Guimbal is accessible from all points of Panay Island. its baranggays are served by municipal and other provincial jeepneys and buses that pass through the town and by almost 180 tricycles and 350 motorbikes playing their respective routes. The transport of farm products to the poblacion and the city is made easy by farm-to –market roads.
Elected municipal officials (2010–2013):
- Mayor: Hon. Christine S. Garin
- Vice Mayor: Hon. Mary Anne Suyao-Lujan
- SB Members:
- Hon. Francis Basco
- Hon. Edmund Gomez
- Hon. Mario Louis Garibay, Sr.
- Hon. Marcelino Gelvero, Sr.
- Hon. Patricio Gelasan
- Hon. Kenneth Gersabalino
- Hon. Benito Geolamin
- Hon. Gil Gegato
- Liga. Pres. Leonardo Pilarta
- Camangahan National High School
- Guimbal National High School
- Nalundan National High School
- Particion National High School
- Guimbal Central Elementary School
- Cabasi-Sta. Rosa Elementary School
- Nalundan Elementary School
- Atty. Blas and Maria Gerona Memorial Elementary School
- Particion Elementary School
- P.G. Garin Memorial Elementary School
- Nanga Elementary School
- Igcocolo Elementary School
- Camangahan Elementary School
- Nahapay Elementary School
- Buluangan Elementary School
- Sipitan-Badiang Elem. School
Festivals and events
- Bantayan Festival: A celebration which commemorates the town's foundation.It is celebrated before the Holy Week.
- Disyembre sa Guimbal Celebration: A two-week pompous and extravagant celebration of Christmas usually held on the third week of December until New Year. it has gained popular support from all sector in the municipality that made it successful annual celebration.
- Annual Town Fiesta: Celebrated every 10 September in honor of St. Nicholas of Tolentino, the town's patron saint, and this week-long celebration reflects the kind of people Guimbalanon's are festive. Various activities are lined up, making celebration colorful.
- Holy Week celebration (Bari-Bari): A unique observance in the Lenten season, parishioners religiously preserve the tradition of the catholic faith of remembering and observing the passion of Lord Jesus Christ. People put up the 14 kapiyas depicting the 14 station of the cross along the lansangan. After the procession of Holy Thursday and good Friday, people do the bari-bari taking the route of the procession to take a closer look of the kapiyas. Holy week is also a time of reunions, homecoming and other social gatherings for the Guimbalanons.
Historical sites and landmarks
- Guimbal Church: The newly restored 400-year-old church made of yellow adobe and coral stones, one of the oldest in the country.
- Moro Watchtowers: Originally, there were four structures located in different sites along the shoreline area in the poblacion. Only three are still intact and renovated to its original condition through the Department of Tourism. These are the 17th Century structures used as look-out for raiding Moro pirates. Like the church, it was also constructed through force labor.
- Guimbal Steel Bridge: Constructed during the American period. The construction was ordered by US President Roosevelt. It is approximately 0.350 kilometers long and made of Pittsburgh Steel, which were imported from Virginia, USA. It is the longest steel bridge in Western Visayas.
- Public Plaza: Known for its beautiful ornamental plants and landscapes, the plaza is described by many as the little Luneta of southern Iloilo. It is well-maintained and well-lighted at night. It can be likened to a European labyrinth.
- New Municipal Building: Guimbal’s symbol of public service, the new municipal building houses local and national government offices in the municipality. It is branded by many as the “Parthenon of Western Visayas.” In front of the Athenian conceived open coliseum and an amphitheatre where cultural shows, programs, sports, activities, and public gatherings are held. One can experience being in the golden age of history just walking around.
- Taytay Tigre: A short bridge constructed during the Spanish colonial period. It is commonly known as “Taytay Tigre” because of the tiger stone structure made part of its approaches on both sides guarding the bridge before one enters the poblacion. It was reconstructed through donation from a veteran Guimbalanon.
- Ayaw-ayaw Monument: Situated on a hill, near Nahapay Elementary School. It is a life-size replica of Andres Bonifacio, father of Philippine Revolution standing proud with his bolo on his right hand. Ayaw-ayaw is a word that signifies opposition from anything or anyone. The monument was erected on the site where early American soldiers met resistance from revolutionaries. It is a symbol of bravery, a manifestation of deep love for true freedom and independence shown by revolutionaries who resisted foreign dominion.
- "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guimbal, Iloilo.|
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Municipality of Guimbal Official Website