The Guimet Museum (full name in French: Musée national des arts asiatiques-Guimet; MNAAG), abbr. Musée Guimet, is an art museum located at 6, place d'Iéna in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, France. Literally translated into English, its full name is the National Museum of Asian Arts-Guimet, or Guimet National Museum of Asian Arts.
The museum has one of the largest collections of Asian art outside of Asia.
Founded by Émile Étienne Guimet, an industrialist, the museum first opened at Lyon in 1879 but was later transferred to Paris, opening in the place d'Iéna in 1889. Devoted to travel, Guimet was in 1876 commissioned by the minister of public instruction to study the religions of the Far East, and the museum contains many of the fruits of this expedition, including a fine collection of Chinese and Japanese porcelain and objects relating not merely to the religions of the East, but also to those of ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. One of its wings, the Panthéon Bouddhique, displays Buddhist artworks.
Some of the museum's artifacts, originating from Khmer culture in Cambodia, Buddhist art from Vietnam and Indonesia, were collected from Southeast Asia by French authorities and research institutions during the colonial period.
From December 2006 to April 2007, the museum harboured collections of the Kabul Museum, with archaeological pieces from the Greco-Bactrian city of Ai-Khanoum, and the Indo-Scythian treasure of Tillia Tepe.
Works of art of the museum
Gandhara Buddha, 1st–2nd century CE
Hellenistic decorative scrolls from Hadda, northern Afghanistan
Wine-drinking and music, Hadda, 1st–2nd century CE
A Corinthian capitol with a Buddha at its center, 2nd century, Surk Kotal, Afghanistan
Scene of the life of the Buddha. 2nd–3rd century. Gandhara
Portraits from the site of Hadda, 3rd century
Head of a Bodhisattva, 6th–7th century terracotta, Tumshuq (Xinjiang)
Han Dynasty Horse (1st–2nd century)
Buddha triad, Eastern Wei (534–550), China
Tang dynasty Foreign Merchant
One of the Group of glazed pottery luohans from Yixian, c. 1000
Painting Bodhisattva Who Leads the Way from Mo-kao caves, 900–950 A.D.
Southeast Asian art
- History of the Museum (in French).
- National museum Arts asiatiques – Guimet, Marie-Catherine Rey et al. Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées nationaux, 2001, translation by John Adamson, ISBN 2711838978, Chronology, p. 6.
- Howlett-Martin, Patrick (2012-07-01). "Où ira le buste de Néfertiti ?". Le Monde diplomatique (in French). Retrieved 2021-10-17.