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Public market of Guindulman
Map of Bohol with Guindulman highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||3rd district of Bohol|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Albino Balo (PDP–Laban)|
|• Vice mayor||Ma Fe Piezas|
|• Town Council|
|• Representative||Arthur Yap|
|• Total||179.17 km2 (69.18 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|• Voter (2016)||20,529|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)38|
|Income class||4th class|
Guindulman is a 4th municipal income class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,408. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 20,529 registered voters.
In the olden days, names of certain places were sometimes ascribed to some usual or common incidents or occurrences as is the case with the town of Guindulman. The place was originally called Guinduluman, from a vernacular expression which means "something or somebody who is overtaken by darkness".
There is no official record to show how the town really got its name. However, folklore has it that during the early part of the Spanish era in the Philippines, there were only two formally organized towns along the southeastern and eastern coastal borders of Bohol, namely, Jagna and Batuanan (now known as Alicia). Because of the distances, travelers starting from either of these towns in the early morning were sure to be overtaken by nightfall before reaching the next place; hence the name "guinduluman".
Folklore further says that the early condition of the area itself had something to contribute to the appropriateness of the term because the center of the town was once surrounded and almost entirely shaded by a dense forest which also made the town dark even during daytime.[a] Travelers from other places passing through this thick forest could observe its surrounding darkness because the sunlight could hardly penetrate through the thick foliage, thus causing darkness in the area at any time of the day. Such actual condition of the particular place, therefore, gave added significance to the created name.
It is hard to fix a definite date when this town was established as official records were destroyed during the war. However, Francisca Libres Piezas cited in her compilation that the town of Guindulman was already established before the Tamblot Rebellion of 1622. So Guindulman may now be around 400 years old.
During the Philippine revolution against the Spanish government there was no fighting in town reported. The people were submissive to the Spanish authorities.
Guindulman was burned down during the Philippine–American War in 1898. Guerrilla warfare was already resorted to by the local insurgents known as "insurectos". A resistance movement was organized under the leadership of Colonel Pedro Samson whose headquarters was in Monte Verde in the upper part of the town. There was no battle fought in the poblacion of Guindulman, but a memorable encounter took place in the barrio of Cabantian wherein both sides suffer heavy casualties.
The historical incident happened when American troops passed by the barrio of Cabantian, the "insurectos" ambushed the troops by jumping from the hilltops and killing many American soldiers with their bolos. However, because of the superiority of the American weapons, the insurgents likewise suffered several casualties. On account of such incident, the furious American patrols then burned the houses of the particular village including the rice stocks in the fields. Still dissatisfied, they shot cows and carabaos on sight.
During the Japanese occupation in 1944, another encounter occurred between the Japanese troops and members of the guerrilla unit which was organized by the Major Esteban Bernido, native of Guindulman who also became a representative of the 3rd Congressional district of Bohol, governor of the province, and who finally occupied one of the important cabinet positions of the country. The memorable incident started with an ambush made by the guerrillas under Major Bernido right on the boundary of Guindulman and Duero. The Japanese suffered heavy casualties while the guerrilla unit escaped unharmed. As reprisal, the Japanese burned the entire poblacion, leaving only the convent and the church which were occupied by their garrison.
Guindulman comprises 19 barangays:
|Population census of Guindulman|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Office|
- At the latitude of Guindulman, daylight is only 12h07 ± 35 minutes throughout the year.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Municipal: Guindulman, Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
- "Municipality of Guindulman". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 2012-09-18.
- "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
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