Guitar Slim

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Guitar Slim
Birth name Eddie Jones
Born (1926-12-10)December 10, 1926
Greenwood, Mississippi, United States
Died February 7, 1959(1959-02-07) (aged 32)
New York City, United States
Genres Blues, Electric blues, New Orleans blues, R&B, rock & roll
Occupation(s) Musician
Instruments Guitar, electric guitar, vocals

Eddie Jones (December 10, 1926 – February 7, 1959),[1] better known as Guitar Slim, was a New Orleans blues guitarist in the 1940s and 1950s, best known for the million-selling song "The Things That I Used to Do", produced by Johnny Vincent for Specialty Records.[2] It is listed in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll.[3] Slim had a major impact on rock and roll and experimented with distorted overtones on the electric guitar a full decade before Jimi Hendrix.[4]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Jones was born in Greenwood, Mississippi, United States.[5] His mother died when he was five, and his grandmother raised him. In his teen years he worked in cotton fields and spent his free time at juke joints, where started sitting in as a singer or dancer; he was good enough as a dancer that he was nicknamed "Limber Leg".[6]

Recording career[edit]

After returning from military service during World War II, he started playing in clubs around New Orleans, Louisiana. Bandleader Willie D. Warren introduced him to the guitar. He was particularly influenced by T-Bone Walker and Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown.[5] About 1950 he adopted the stage name Guitar Slim and became known for his wild stage act. He wore bright-colored suits and dyed his hair to match them. He had an assistant who followed him around the audience with up to 350 feet of cord between his guitar and his amplifier,[7] and occasionally rode on his assistant's shoulders or even took his guitar outside the club, bringing traffic to a stop.[8][9] His sound was just as unusual—he played his guitar with distortion more than a decade before rock guitarists did, and his gospel-influenced vocals were easily identifiable.[10]

He got together with Muddy Waters in Los Angeles, California, for some lively playing.[11]

Recordings[edit]

His first recording session was in 1951. He had a minor rhythm and blues hit in 1952 with "Feelin' Sad", which Ray Charles covered. His biggest success was "The Things That I Used to Do" (1954),[5] produced by the young Ray Charles and released by Art Rupe's Specialty Records.[12] The song spent weeks at number one on the Billboard R&B chart and sold over a million copies,[2] soon becoming a blues standard.[1] It also contributed to the development of soul music.[13]

He recorded for several labels, including Imperial, Bullet, Specialty, and Atco.

Death[edit]

His career having faded, Jones became an alcoholic. He died of pneumonia in New York City, at the age of 32.[14] He is buried in a small cemetery in Thibodaux, Louisiana, where his manager, Hosea Hill, resided.

Influence[edit]

Buddy Guy, Albert Collins[7] and Frank Zappa[15] were influenced by Guitar Slim. So was Jimi Hendrix, who recorded a version of "The Things That I Used to Do", with Steve Stills playing bass guitar, in 1969. Stevie Ray Vaughan also recorded a cover version of the song.[16]

One of Jones's sons bills himself as Guitar Slim, Jr. around the New Orleans circuit. His repertoire includes many of his father's songs.[7]

Other users of the name[edit]

Other musicians have used the nickname Guitar Slim. The North Carolina blues guitarist James Stephens had several releases under this billing.[17] Joe Richardson, often billed as "Tender Slim", released records credited to Tender Guitar Slim and Fender Guitar Slim.[18] Edgar Moore, also of North Carolina, used the name as a soul musician.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins. pp. 68–9. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  2. ^ a b Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins. pp. 68–69. ISBN 0-214-20512-6. 
  3. ^ "Specialty Album Discography". Archived from the original on November 16, 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-25. 
  4. ^ Aswell, Tom (2010). Louisiana Rocks! The True Genesis of Rock & Roll. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing. pp. 61–5. ISBN 1589806778. 
  5. ^ a b c Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books. p. 115. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 
  6. ^ Darwin Coleman (SHS). "Guitar Slim, Mississippi Musician". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on September 15, 2008. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  7. ^ a b c "Biography by Bill Dahl". Allmusic.com. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  8. ^ Broven, John (1974). Rhythm and Blues in New Orleans. Gretna, Louisiana: Pelican Publishing. pp. 52–53. ISBN 0-88289-433-1.
  9. ^ Hannusch, Jeff (1985). I Hear You Knockin'. Ville Platte, Louisiana: Swallow Publications. p. 177. ISBN 0-9614245-0-8.
  10. ^ Braun, Hans-Joachim (2002). Music and Technology in the Twentieth Century. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 194. ISBN 0801868858. 
  11. ^ Oliver, Paul (1984). Blues Off the Record. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-306-80321-6. 
  12. ^ Erlewine, Michael; Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas, eds. (1997). Allmusic. Los Angeles: Miller Freeman Press. p. 501. ISBN 0-87930-423-5. 
  13. ^ R. Unterberger, "Louisiana blues", in V. Bogdanov, C. Woodstra, S. T. Erlewine, eds, All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues (Milwaukee, WI: Backbeat Books, 3rd edn., 2003), ISBN 0-87930-736-6, pp. 687–8.
  14. ^ Scott, Frank (1991). The Down Home Guide to the Blues. Chicago: Chicago Review Press. p. 59. ISBN 1-55652-130-8. 
  15. ^ Electric Don Quixote by Neil Slaven
  16. ^ [1] Archived March 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Illustrated James "Guitar Slim" Stephens Discography". Wirz.de. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  18. ^ "Joe Richardson Discography – USA". 45cat. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  19. ^ "Soul Stories from N.C. An". Yumpu.com. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 

External links[edit]