High Court of Gujarat
|Gujarat High Court|
ગુજરાત ઉચ્ચ ન્યાયાલય
The Gujarat High Court Building
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Decisions are appealed to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||mandatory retirement by age of 62|
|No. of positions||52|
|Chief Justice of Gujarat|
|Currently||Hon'ble Mr. Justice Anantkumar Surendraray Dave (Acting)|
|Since||15 November 2018|
The seat of the court is Ahmedabad. The present strength of the Gujarat High court is 29 against sanctioned strength of 52.
This high court was established on 1 May 1960 as a result of bifurcation of the former State of Bombay into two States of Maharashtra and Gujarat. The High Court started functioning near Akashwani, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad. The High Court has later shifted to the new building at Sola, Ahmedabad, from 16 January 1999.
The Gujarat High Court has jurisdiction over the entire state of Gujarat. It has jurisdiction on all district, administrative and other courts in Gujarat. This high court is a Court of record and empowered to punish anyone for contempt of court.
Unlike Union Judiciary, the state judiciary possesses wide powers which includes powers such as Appellate, Second Appellate in some cases, Revisionary, Review etc. It also has power to issue various writs to courts and authority under its jurisdiction. Intra-Court appeals, when permissible under Clause - 15 of Letters Patent, also lie within the same court from decision of a Single Judge to a Division Bench which comprises two Judges. It has power of superintendence on all courts under it under Article 227 of the Constitution of India. The High Courts are also empowered to hear Public Interest Litigations.
The Chief Justice
The bench of high court is presided by the Chief Justice. They are appointed by President of India under warrant. However, the president is required to consult the Governor of Gujarat and the Chief Justice of India before making such appointment. The Governor of Gujarat administers the oath of office at the time of appointment.
All judges of the high court are appointed by the President of India after consulting the Governor of Gujarat, Chief Justice of India and Chief Justice of Gujarat. They hold constitutional post and there are ample safeguards provided in the constitution to ensure the independence of the judiciary. Any judge can resign by writing to the President of India. Terms of appointment of judges cannot be altered to their disadvantage after their appointment.
The following are qualifications to be judge of Gujarat High Court.
- The individual must be citizen of India.
- The individual must have held a judicial office in India for at least ten years; or
- Been advocate in any high court or two or more courts in succession for at least 10 years.
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice Anant S Dave (ACJ)
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice S R Brahmbhatt
- Hon'ble Ms. Justice Harsha N. Devani
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice K M Thaker
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice R M Chhaya
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice J B Pardiwala
- Hon'ble Ms. Justice Bela Trivedi
- Hon'ble Ms. Justice Sonia Gokani
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice C L Soni
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A J Desai
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice N V Anjaria
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice Paresh Upadhyay
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice S H Vora
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice G R Udhwani
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A G Uraizee
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice R P Dholaria
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice Vipul M Pancholi
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A J Shastri
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice Biren A. Vaishnav
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A Y Kogje
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A S Supehia
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice B N Karia
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice Umesh A Trivedi
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice A C Rao
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice V B Mayani
- Hon'ble Dr. Justice A P Thaker
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice V P Patel
- Hon'ble Mr. Justice B D Karia
- Hon'ble Ms. Justice S K Vishen
- Sunderlal Trikamlal Desai (1 May 1960 - 25 January 1961)
- Kantilal Thakoredas Desai (26 January 1961 - 22 May 1963)
- Jaishanker Manilal Shelat (23 May 1963 - 24 February 1966)
- Nomanbhai Mahmedbhai Miabhoy
- Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati
- Bipinchandra Jivanlal Divan
- S. Obul Reddy
- Manharlal Pranlal Thakkar
- Padmanabhan Subramuilanian Poti (28 September 1983)
- P. R. Gokulakrishnan (21 March 1985)
- Ganendra Narayan Ray
- S. Nainar Sundaram
- Bhupinder Nath Kirpal (14 December 1993)
- Gurudas Datta Kamat.
- Kumaran Sreedharan
- K. G. Balakrishnan (16 July 1998)
- D. M. Dharmadhikari
- Daya Saran Sinha
- Bhawani Singh (25 August 2003)
- Y. R. Meena
- K. S. Radhakrishnan Panicker
- S. J. Mukhopadhaya
- Bhaskar Bhattacharya
- Ramayyagari Subhash Reddy
- Anantkumar Surendraray Dave(Now Running)
- "High Court of Gujarat". gujarathighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "High Court of Gujarat: Former Honourable Chief Justices". gujarathighcourt.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-12-04.