Gujarat Legislative Assembly

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Gujarat Legislative Assembly
14th Legislative Assembly of Gujarat
Coat of arms or logo
State Emblem of Gujarat
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
Speaker
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Deputy Leader of the House
(Deputy Chief Minister)
Structure
Seats 182
Gujarat Legislative Assembly 2017.svg
Political groups

Government (100)

Opposition (82)

Elections
First past the post
Last election
9 and 14 December 2017
Meeting place
SACHIVALAY PANORAMA.jpg
23°13′8″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21889°N 72.65694°E / 23.21889; 72.65694Coordinates: 23°13′8″N 72°39′25″E / 23.21889°N 72.65694°E / 23.21889; 72.65694
Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, Gujarat Vidhan Sabha, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
Website
www.gujaratassembly.gov.in

Gujarat Legislative Assembly or Gujarat Vidhan Sabha is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is situated in the capital Gandhinagar. Presently, 182 members of the Legislative Assembly are directly elected from the single-seat constituencies and one member is nominated. It has term of 5 years unless it is dissolved sooner. 13 constituencies are reserved for scheduled castes and 27 constituencies for scheduled tribes.

History[edit]

Bhavsinhji Gohil, ruler of Bhavnagar State, established The Peoples' Representative Assembly consisting of 38 members appointed by him. His succeeding son, Krishnakumar Sinhji, formed the Bhavnagar legislative assembly in 1941 having 55 members, consisting of 33 elected members, 16 nominated members by him and 6 ex-officio members. They had power to ask questions, move resolutions, discuss the budget and introduce bills in the assembly. This assembly used to meet at least twice in a year. Porbandar state assembly had same powers. Sayajirao Gaekwad III, ruler of Baroda State, had formed the Baroda legislative assembly in 1908.[4]

Since 1921, representative were elected by the people of that area of the present Gujarat state except the princely states, and sent to the Bombay state legislative assembly. In 1952, Saurashtra State legislative assembly was constituted after the independence of India. It was functional till 31 October 1956. Saurashtra State was merged into the Bombay state under the States Reorganization Act, 1956.[4]

On 1 May 1960, the Bombay state was bifurcated into Gujarat and Maharashtra states which resulted in formation of Gujarat legislative assembly. The 132 members of the former Bombay legislative assembly, elected from the territorial constituencies of Gujarat, formed the first Gujarat legislative assembly. The number of the members was increased to 154 in 1962, 168 in 1967 and 182 in 1975.[4]

Location[edit]

After formation of Gujarat state in 1960, Ahmedabad was a capital of the state. The Assembly started functioning from the present day OPD building of Ahmedabad Civil Hospital. The new capital city, Gandhinagar was built in 1971. Later assembly was shifted to Central Library building, sector-17, Gandhinagar on 11 February 1971. The new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, was completed and inaugurated in 1982. Since then the Gujarat legislative assembly functions there.[4]

Building[edit]

President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy laid foundation stone of new assembly building, Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan on 20 March 1978. It was designed by H. K. Mewada, chief planner of Gandhinagar. The construction was completed in July 1982 and it is named after Vithalbhai Patel, the first Indian speaker of Central Legislative Assembly during the British period. It was inaugurated by the Governor Sharda Mukherjee on 8 July 1982.[4]

It is constructed with Reinforced concrete and the outer walls of the building is affixed with Dholpur light pink stones. The building is constructed on the 133 square metre platform amid a water pool having diameter of 200 metres. This central building was linked with the Ministerial Secretariat by bridges formerly but now new buildings are constructed in between known as Swarnim Sankul. The building is 33.45 metres high including its octagonal dome. The constructed area of building is 8100 square metres while the total built up area of square platform is 17689 square metres. It has four floors with total built up area of 43350 square metres or total carpet area of 16180 square metres. The entrance of the building is reached by a flight of steps.[5]

The Assembly hall is situated on the second floor. It is octagonal from inside. The octagonal roof is supported by eight V-shaped pillars and one pillar in the centre. These pillars tapers and forms octagonal dome on the hall. There is an arrangement of white floodlights on the top. The hall has a capacity of 232 seats though currently the assembly has only 182 elected members. The hall is viewed from the galleries on the third floor which has a capacity of 564 seats.[5]

There is a podium just under the Assembly hall which is used for ceremonies and functions. The downward floor of the Assembly hall makes an umbrella-like roof of the podium. The podium has some personal belongings of Mahatma Gandhi and Vallabhbhai Patel on display. There are oil paintings of several national leaders, independence activists and personalities on its walls.[5]

It was constructed at the cost of 6 crores.[5] The assembly building along with other government offices is situated in Sector 10 of Gandhinagar. This capitol complex is spread in area of 370 acres.[4]

History of elections[edit]

Speakers of Gujarat Legislative Assembly[edit]

Name Term
Kalyanji V. Mehta 1 May 1960 – 19 August 1960
Mansinhji Rana 19 August 1960 – 19 March 1962
Fatehali Palejwala 19 March 1962 – 17 March 1967
Raghavji Leuva 17 March 1967 – 28 June 1975
Kundanlal Dholakia 28 June 1975 – 28 March 1977
Manubhai Palkhiwala (Acting Speaker) 28 March 1977 – 21 April 1977
Kundanlal Dholakia 21 April 1977 – 20 June 1980
Natwarlal Shah 20 June 1980 – 8 January 1990
Karsandas Soneri (Acting Speaker) 8 January 1990 – 19 January 1990
Barjorji Pardiwala 19 January 1990 – 16 March 1990
Shashikant Lakhani 16 March 1990 – 12 November 1990
Manubhai Parmar (Acting Speaker) 12 November 1990 – 11 February 1991
Himatlal Mulani 11 February 1991 – 21 March 1995
Harishchandra Patel 21 March 1995 – 16 September 1996
Chandubhai Dabhi (Acting Speaker) 16 September 1996 – 29 October 1996
Gumansinhji Vaghela 29 October 1996 – 19 March 1998
Dhirubhai Shah 19 March 1998 – 27 December 2002
Prof. Mangaldas Patel 27 December 2002 – 18 January 2008
Ashok Bhatt 18 January 2008 – 29 September 2010
Prof. Mangaldas Patel (Acting Speaker) 29 September 2010 – 23 Feb 2011
Ganpat Vasava 23 February 2011 – 26 December 2012
Vajubhai Vala (Acting Speaker) 26 December 2012 - 19 January 2013[6]
Neema Acharya (Acting Speaker)[6] 19 January 2013 – 22 January 2013
Vajubhai Vala 23 January 2013[7] - 30 August 2014[8]
Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel (Acting Speaker) 30 August 2014 – 9 November 2014
Ganpat Vasava 9 November 2014 – 7 August 2016
Parbatbhai Patel (Acting Speaker) 7 August 2016 – 22 August 2016
Ramanlal Vora[9] 22 August 2016 - 16 February 2018
Rajendra Trivedi 16 February 2018 - Incumbent

Current Party Composition[edit]

Parties in constituencies of Gujarat Legislative Assembly. (as of March 2018)
Party Members
BJP 99
INC 78[10]
BTP 2
NCP 1
Independent 2
Total 182

Constituencies and current members[edit]

No. Constituency Member of Legislative Assembly Party
1 Abdasa Pradhyumansinh Jadeja INC
2 Mandvi Virendrasinh Jadeja BJP
3 Bhuj Dr. Nimaben Acharya BJP
4 Anjar Vasanbhai Ahir BJP
5 Gandhidham Maltiben Maheshwari BJP
6 Rapar Santokben Aarethiya INC
7 Vav Geniben Thakor INC
8 Tharad Parbatbhai Patel BJP
9 Dhanera Nathabhai Patel INC
10 Danta Kantiben Kharadi INC
11 Vadgam Jignesh Mevani Ind
12 Palanpur Mahesh Patel INC
13 Deesa Shashikant Pandya BJP
14 Deodar Shivabhai Bhuriya INC
15 Kankrej Kiritsinh Vaghela BJP
16 Radhanpur Alpesh Thakor INC
17 Chanasma Dilipkumar Thakor BJP
18 Patan Kiritkumar Patel INC
19 Sidhpur Chandanji Thakor INC
20 Kheralu Bharatsinhji Dabhi BJP
21 Unjha Dr. Asha Patel INC
22 Visnagar Rushikesh Patel BJP
23 Bechraji Bharatji Thakor INC
24 Kadi Punjabhai Solanki BJP
25 Mehsana Nitinbhai Patel BJP
26 Vijapur Ramanbhai Patel BJP
27 Himatnagar Rajubhai Chavda BJP
28 Idar Hitu Kanodiya BJP
29 Khedbrahma Ashvinbhai Kotwal INC
30 Bhiloda Dr. Anil Joshiyara INC
31 Modasa Rajesndrasinh Thakor INC
32 Bayad Dhavalsinh Zala INC
33 Prantij Gajendrasinh Parmar BJP
34 Dahegam Balrajsinh Chauhan BJP
35 Gandhinagar South Shambhuji Thakor BJP
36 Gandhinagar North Dr. C. J. Chavda INC
37 Mansa Surekhkumar Patel INC
38 Kalol Baldevji Thakor INC
39 Viramgam Lakhabhai Bharwad INC
40 Sanand Kanubhai Patel BJP
41 Ghatlodia Bhupendrabhai Patel BJP
42 Vejalpur Kishor Chauhan BJP
43 Vatva Pradipsinh Jadeja BJP
44 Ellis Bridge Rakesh Shah BJP
45 Naranpura Kaushik Patel BJP
46 Nikol Jagdish Panchal BJP
47 Naroda Balram Thawani BJP
48 Thakkarbapa Nagar Vallabhbhai Kakadiya BJP
49 Bapunagar Himmatsinh Patel INC
50 Amraiwadi Hasmukhbhai Patel BJP
51 Dariapur Gyasuddin Shaikh INC
52 Jamalpur-Khadia Imran Khedawala INC
53 Maninagar Suresh Patel BJP
54 Danilimda Shailesh Parmar INC
55 Sabarmati Arvindkumar Patel BJP
56 Asarwa Pradipbhai Parmar BJP
57 Daskroi Babu Jamna Patel BJP
58 Dholka Bhupendrasinh Chudasama BJP
59 Dhandhuka Rajesh Gohil INC
60 Dasada Naushadji Solanki INC
61 Limdi Soma Ganda Kolipatel INC
62 Wadhwan Dhanjibhai Patel BJP
63 Chotila Rutvik Makwana INC
64 Dhrangadhra Parshottam Sabariya INC
65 Morbi Brijesh Merja INC
66 Tankara Lalit Kagathra INC
67 Wankaner Mohammad Javed Pirjada INC
68 Rajkot East Arvind Raiyani BJP
69 Rajkot West Vijay Rupani BJP
70 Rajkot South Govind Patel BJP
71 Rajkot Rural Lakhabhai Sagathiya BJP
72 Jasdan Kunwarjibhai Mohanbhai Bavaliya INC
73 Gondal Geetaba Jayrajsinh Jadeja BJP
74 Jetpur Jayesh Radadiya BJP
75 Dhoraji Lalit Vasoya INC
76 Kalavad Pravin Musadiya INC
77 Jamnagar Rural Vallabhbhai Dharaviya INC
78 Jamnagar North Dharmendrasinh Jadeja (Hakubha) BJP
79 Jamnagar South R. C. Faldu BJP
80 Jamjodhpur Chirag Kalariya INC
81 Khambhalia Vikram Madam INC
82 Dwarka Pabubha Manek BJP
83 Porbandar Babu Bokhiria BJP
84 Kutiyana Kandhal Jadeja NCP
85 Manavadar Jawahar Chavda INC
86 Junagadh Bhikhabhai Joshi INC
87 Visavadar Harshad Ribadiya INC
88 Keshod Devabhai Malam BJP
89 Mangrol Babubhai Vaja INC
90 Somnath Vimalbhai Chudasama INC
91 Talala Bhagabhai Ahir INC
92 Kodinar Mohanbhai Vala INC
93 Una Punjabhai Vansh INC
94 Dhari J. V. Kakadiya INC
95 Amreli Paresh Dhanani INC
96 Lathi Virjibhai Thummar INC
97 Savarkundla Pratap Dudhat INC
98 Rajula Amarish Der INC
99 Mahuva Raghavbhai Makwana BJP
100 Talaja Kanubhai Baraiya INC
101 Gariadhar Keshubhai Nakrani BJP
102 Palitana Bhikhabhai Baraiya BJP
103 Bhavnagar Rural Parshottam Solanki BJP
104 Bhavnagar East Vibhavari Dave BJP
105 Bhavnagar West Jitu Vaghani BJP
106 Gadhada Pravinbhai Maru INC
107 Botad Saurabh Patel BJP
108 Khambhat Mayur Raval BJP
109 Borsad Rajendrasinh Parmar INC
110 Anklav Amit Chavda INC
111 Umreth Govind Parmar BJP
112 Anand Kantibhai Sodharparmar INC
113 Petlad Niranjan Patel INC
114 Sojitra Punambhai Parmar INC
115 Matar Kesarisinh Solanki BJP
116 Nadiad Pankaj Desai BJP
117 Mehmedabad Arjunsinh Chauhan BJP
118 Mahudha Indrajitsinh Parmar INC
119 Thasra Kanitbhai Parmar INC
120 Kapadvanj Kalabhai Dabhi INC
121 Balasinor Ajitsinh Chauhan INC
122 Lunawada Ratansinh Rathod Ind
123 Santrampur Kuberbhai Dindor BJP
124 Shehra Jethabhai Ahir BJP
125 Morva Hadaf Bhupendrasinh Khant INC[11]
126 Godhra C.K Raulji BJP
127 Kaalol Sumanben Chauhan BJP
128 Halol Jaydrathsinhji Parmar BJP
129 Fatepura Rameshbhai Katara BJP
130 Jhalod Bhavesh Katara INC
131 Limkheda Shaileshbhai Bhabhor BJP
132 Dahod Vajesing Panada INC
133 Garbada Chandrikaben Bariya INC
134 Devgadhbaria Bachubhai Khabad BJP
135 Savli Ketan Inamdar BJP
136 Vaghodia Madhu Shrivastav BJP
137 Chhota Udepur Mohan Rathwa INC
138 Jetpur (ST) Sukhrambhai Rathwa INC
139 Sankheda Abhesinh Tadvi BJP
140 Dabhoi Shailesh Mehta 'Sotta' BJP
141 Vadodara City Manisha Vakil BJP
142 Sayajigunj Jitendra Sukhadia BJP
143 Akota Seema Mohile BJP
144 Raopura Rajendra Trivedi BJP
145 Manjalpur Yogesh Patel BJP
146 Padra Jashpalsinh Thakor INC
147 Karjan Akshay Patel INC
148 Nandod Premsinhbhai Vasava INC
149 Dediapada Maheshbhai Vasava BTP
150 Jambusar Sanjaybhai Solanki INC
151 Vagra Arunsinh Rana BJP
152 Jhagadia Chhotubhai Vasava BTP
153 Bharuch Dushyant Patel BJP
154 Ankleshwar Ishwarsinh Patel BJP
155 Olpad Mukesh Patel BJP
156 Mangrol (ST) Ganpat Vasava BJP
157 Mandvi Anandbhai Chaudhari INC
158 Kamrej V. D. Zalavadiya BJP
159 Surat East Arvind Rana BJP
160 Surat North Kantibhai Balar BJP
161 Varachha Marg Kumarbhai Kanani BJP
162 Karanj Pravinbhai Ghoghari BJP
163 Limbayat Sangita Patil BJP
164 Udhna Vivek Patel BJP
165 Majura Harsh Sanghavi BJP
166 Katargam Vinodbhai Moradiya BJP
167 Surat West Purnesh Modi BJP
168 Choryasi Zankhana Patel BJP
169 Bardoli Ishwarbhai Parmar BJP
170 Mahuva Mohanbhai Dhodiya BJP
171 Vyara Punabhai Gamit INC
172 Nizar Sunil Gamit INC
173 Dang Mangalbhai Gavit INC
174 Jalalpore R. C. Patel BJP
175 Navsari Piyush Desai BJP
176 Gandevi Naresh Patel BJP
177 Vansda Anantkumar Patel INC
178 Dharampur Arvind Patel BJP
179 Valsad Bharat Patel BJP
180 Pardi Kanubhai Desai BJP
181 Kaprada Jitubhai Chaudhari INC
182 Umargam Rajendra BJP

See also[edit]

References[edit]