Gujarat Sahitya Akademi
ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી
logo of Akademi
Akademi headquarters in Gandhinagar
|Motto||Sanskrit: शब्दाख्यज्योति प्रकाशो|
|Formation||24 September 1981|
|Founder||Government of Gujarat|
|Purpose||Literary and language development|
|Headquarters||Abhilekhagar Bhavan, Sector-17, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India|
|Affiliations||Sports, Youth and Cultural Activities Department, Government of Gujarat|
The Gujarat Sahitya Akademi (Gujarati: ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી) or Gujarat Sahitya Academy, established in 1981, is a government institution dedicated to the development of the languages spoken in Gujarat, India and their literature. Gujarati, an official language of Gujarat, is one of them; the others are Hindi, Sanskrit, Kutchi, Sindhi and Urdu. As of 2017[update], Vishnu Pandya is the chairman of the Akademi.
The main aim of the Akademi is to:
- Encourage organizations and writers in Gujarat to promote the development of Gujarati, Sanskrit and other modern languages
- Promote the research of Gujarati folk literature
- Collect and publish books of literature
- Assemble and maintain a library
- Recognize and aid literary societies
- Publish criticism of various forms of literature
- Organize birthday celebrations for noted authors
- Award prizes for books published in different forms of literature
- Award financial scholarships to students of literature
- Financially assist elderly, physically handicapped, and indigent authors living in Gujarat.
- Annually award Sahitya Gaurav Puraskar to an established author and Yuva Gaurav Puraskar to a young writer.
- Since 2016, the Akademi has conferred the Sahityaratna Award to Gujarati authors for their significant contribution; and the Ramanlal Nilkanth Hasya Paritoshik which is conferred to Gujarati authors for their significant contribution in Gujarati humorous literature.
The Gujarat Academy oversees five other academies; namely the Hindi Sahitya Academy for Hindi, the Sanskrit Sahitya Academy for Sanskrit, the Kutchi Sahitya Academy for Kutchi, the Sindhi Sahitya Academy for Sindhi and the Urdu Sahitya Academy for Urdu. The registrar is the administrative head of all five academies. There are three standing committees, each of which has ten members, including five official members, for folk literature, Sanskrit language and literature, and other modern Indian languages.
The chairman, the vice chairman and the registrar have day to day control of the Akademi. The Akademi's overall controlling authorities are the general body and the executive council. The term of the general body is 5 years. The general body is made of 41 members including the education commissioner of Gujarat, the financial adviser of the education department, the registrar of Akademi, the higher education commissioner of Gujarat, the director of language of Gujarat, five members from the Gujarati literary community selected by the state government, 9 members selected by the committee appointed by representative of different Gujarati literary institutions, 8 members representing of the University of Gujarat, 3 members selected by the members of the general body of the Akademi, 9 members selected by a committee appointed by Gujarati writers, 2 members who have been awarded the Sahitya Gaurav Puraskar. The executive council is made up of a maximum of ten members including the chairman, the registrar and the vice-chairman of the Akademi, the education commissioner of Gujarat, the financial adviser of the education department, the education commissioner of Gujarat and five members of the general body selected by the state government.
List of Chairmen
Following people served as chairmen:
|1||Mohammad Mankad||17 June 1982||26 April 1984|
|2||Kulinchandra Yagnik||27 April 1984||27 December 1984|
|3||Bhupat Vadodaria||28 December 1984||13 March 1986|
|4||Ramanlal Joshi||14 March 1986||7 June 1987|
|5||Hasmukh Patel (Education Minister)||8 June 1987||10 December 1988|
|6||Arvind Sanghavi (Education Minister)||11 December 1988||12 December 1989|
|7||Hasmukh Patel (Education Minister)||13 December 1989||11 March 1990|
|8||Karsandas Soneri (Education Minister)||12 March 1990||11 August 1991|
|9||Manubhai Pancholi||12 August 1991||1998|
|10||Bholabhai Patel||5 October 1998||2003|
|11||Secretary; Sports, Youth and Cultural Activities Department (Ex-officio)||2003||6 May 2015|
|12||Bhagyesh Jha||7 May 2015||13 May 2017|
|13||Vishnu Pandya||13 May 2017||Incumbent|
List of Registrars
|1||Hasu Yajnik||25 February 1982||29 February 1996|
|2||Dankesh Oza||1 May 1997||16 March 1998|
|3||Dalpat Padhiyar||12 June 1998||9 May 2000|
|4||K. M. Pandya||10 May 2000||3 September 2003|
|5||V. V. Pandit||4 September 2003||3 September 2005|
|6||Kirit Doodhat||22 January 2008 (from other department)||?|
|7||Harshad Trivedi||5 December 2009||27 July 2014|
|8||Chetan Shukla||28 December 2014||17 August 2015|
|9||Manoj Oza||18 August 2015||?|
|10||Ajaysinh Chauhan||December 2017||Incumbent|
The Akademi did not have a chairman from 2003 to 2015 as the government did not held an election. It was run by the registrar in-charge and the secretary of the sports, youth and cultural activities department; ex-offcio. In April 2015, the state government appointed Bhagyesh Jha, a Gujarati writer and retired IAS officer, as the new chairman of the Akademi without any election. This resulted in the Autonomous Academy Agitation (Swayatta Akademi Andolan) led by Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, the oldest literary institute in Gujarat and several Gujarati writers including Manishi Jani, Shirish Panchal, Dhiru Parikh, Chandrakant Topiwala, Bharat Mehta, Paresh Naik and Raju Solanki. Parishad boycotted the activities of the Akademi in protest. In March 2016, the Gujarati poet Harsh Brahmbhatt declined the award which had been conferred to him by the Akademi for his book. In November 2015, Bhagyesh Jha and two other writers Chinu Modi and Vinod Bhatt, said to be the supporter of Jha, used the word Taliban for the writers like Dhiru Parikh and Niranjan Bhagat, who had supported the agitation. Pravin Pandya returned the award he had received in 2004 in protest. Another Gujarati writer and literary critic, Bharat Mehta, returned the award which he had received in 2008. Dhiru Parikh, along with other writers, submitted a public interest litigation to the Gujarat High Court.
- "Vishnu Pandya replaces Bhagyesh Jha at Sahitya Akademi". The Times of India. 2017-05-13.
- Lionel Wee (22 January 2015). The Language of Organizational Styling. United kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 171. ISBN 978-1-107-05480-6. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
- Syed Amanur Rahman; Balraj Verma (9 August 2005). The Beautiful India - Gujarat. New Delhi: Reference Press. pp. 231–233. ISBN 81-88583-98-7. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- Brahmabhatt, Prasad (2010). અર્વાચીન ગુજરાતી સાહિત્યનો ઈતિહાસ - આધુનિક અને અનુઆધુનિક યુગ (History of Modern Gujarati Literature – Modern and Postmodern Era) (in Gujarati). Ahmedabad: Parshwa Publication. p. 396. ISBN 978-93-5108-247-7.
- Dhameliya, Priti Y. (2016). પ્રકરણ 2: સાહિત્ય સંસ્થાઓનો પરિચય [Chapter 2: An Introduction of Literary Institutions]. ગુજરાતી સાહિત્ય પરિષદના મુખપત્ર 'પરબ' તથા ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમીના મુખપત્ર 'શબ્દસૃષ્ટિ'ના વિશેષાંકોનો સમિક્ષાત્મક અભ્યાસ [A Critical Study of Gujaratí Sahitya Parishad's organ 'Parab' and Gujarat Sahitya Academy's organ 'Shabdasrishti] (PDF) (PhD) (in Gujarati). Bhavnagar: Bhavnagar University. pp. 8–27. hdl:10603/129321. Retrieved 2017-09-09.
- "List of all Members | Gujarat Sahitya Academy". sahityaacademy.gujarat.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
- "Vishnu Pandya replaces Bhagyesh Jha at Sahitya Akademi". The Times of India. 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Vishnu Pandya appointed Chairman of Gujarat Sahitya Akademi". DeshGujarat. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Bharat Mehta returns state Akademi award". The Indian Express. 2015-11-04. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Writers demand autonomy for Sahitya Academy". The Indian Express. 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2017-10-24.
- "Writer declines award from 'non-autonomous' Academy". The Indian Express. 2016-03-29. Retrieved 2017-10-24.
- "Writer returns award to Gujarat Sahitya Parishad". The Times of India. 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2017-10-24.