Golem of Kruja

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Ruler of Krujë and Elbasan
Religion Orthodox Christian
Occupation Vassal of Epirus and Nicaea

Golem (Greek: Γουλάμος/Goulamos, fl. 1252–56) was an Albanian magnate[1] who married the daughter of sebastos Gregorios Kamonas and Komnena Nemanjić,[2] and was thus entitled the rule of his father-in-law, as lord of Krujë and Elbasan. Golem was through his marriage connected to the Serbian dynasty and Emperor John Vatatzes of Nicaea.[1]

During the conflicts between Despot Michael II Komnenos Doukas of Epirus and Emperor John Vatatzes, Golem and Theodore Petraliphas, who were initially Michael's allies, defected to John Vatatzes in 1252.[3][4][5] He is last mentioned in the sources among other local leaders, in a meeting with George Akropolites in Durrës in 1256.[citation needed]

Preceded by
Gregorios Kamonas
Lord of Kruja and Elbasan
fl. 1252–1254
Succeeded by
Post abolished


  • George Akropolites, a contemporary, wrote his name as Γουλάμος (Goulamos), transcribed as Golěm.[6] His name was Slavic, golem meaning "big, large".[7][8]
  • According to Nicol, he was the "chieftain of Krujë and Elbasan".[3] Other modern sources also call him "Prince of Krujë and Elbasan".,[2] "Prince of Arbanon"[9] or "Territorial lord of Albanon".[10]


  1. ^ a b Donald MacGillivray Nicol (1 January 1986). Studies in Late Byzantine History and Prosopography. Variorum Reprints. ISBN 978-0-86078-190-5. 

    But he was overruled by Demetrios Chomatianos M. In due course the daughter of Kamonas married a local magnate called Golem (or Goulamos), and Kroia and Arbanon reverted to native rule. Golem was connected not only with the Serbian royal family but also by marriage with John Batatzes of Nicaea; and it was through this latter connexion that he was tempted into joining the winning side in Macedonia in 1252, when the armies ...

  2. ^ a b The Genealogist. The Association. 1980. p. 40. 

    Golem married the daughter of Gregorios Kamonas, Prince of Kroia c.1215 by his second wife, a daughter of Stefan II Prvovencani, King of Serbia and his first wife Eudokia Angelina ... "Goulamos" or Golem, Prince of Kroia and Elbasan c.1254

  3. ^ a b Donald McGillivray Nicol (1957). The Despotate of Epiros. Basil Blackwell. They had barely crossed the frontiers of Albania when Golem, the chieftain of Kroia and Elbassan, who had been helping Michael's army in the region of Kastoria, surrendered himself and his soldiers to Vatatzes. The rulers of Albania had kept ... 
  4. ^ George Akropolites: The History: Introduction, translation and commentary. OUP Oxford. 19 April 2007. pp. 73–. ISBN 978-0-19-921067-1. Goulamos defected to the Emperor 
  5. ^ Steven G. Ellis; Lud'a Klusáková (2007). Imagining Frontiers, Contesting Identities. Edizioni Plus. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-88-8492-466-7. 
  6. ^ Albanische Forschungen. O. Harrassowitz. 1964. p. 170. 
  7. ^ Nicolae Iorga (1919). Brève histoire de l'Albanie et du peuple albanais. Imprimerie "Cultura neamului romǎnesc". L'œuvre commencée par ces princes albanais est continuée par ce Goulamos,, des Albanais*, àrò co5 'A)6zvo, qui apparaît vers 1250. On a voulu retrouver dans son nom le mot slave golem,, le grand*, mais il se pourrait bien qu'il s'agisse .. 
  8. ^ Karin Stüber (2009). Indogermanische Frauennamen. Universitätsverlag Winter. ISBN 978-3-8253-5600-2. Fürst Goulamos (« slav. Golim-b, zu slav. golem-b 'gross', vgl. Miklosich 1860, 50, Nr. 76) 
  9. ^ Österreichische Osthefte. Österreichisches Ost- und Südosteuropa-Institut. 2003. Als letzter einheimischer Fürst von Arbanon wird 1253 Golem [Goulamos] genannt. 
  10. ^ Studia Albanica. L'Institut. 1964. Im Jahre 1253 wird als Landesherr von "Albanon' ein gewisser Golem, Goulâmos genannt,