Gulf Air Flight 771
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A4O-BK, the aircraft involved in the bombing
|Date||23 September 1983|
|Site||Jebel Ali (near Abu Dhabi International Airport), United Arab Emirates|
|Aircraft type||Boeing 737-2P6|
|Flight origin||Jinnah International Airport, Karachi, Pakistan|
|Destination||Abu Dhabi International Airport, United Arab Emirates|
Gulf Air Flight 771 was a flight from Karachi, Pakistan, to Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. On 23 September 1983, while the Boeing 737-2P6 was on approach to Abu Dhabi International Airport, a bomb exploded in the baggage compartment. The plane crashed in the desert near Jebel Ali between Abu Dhabi and Dubai in the UAE. All five crew members and 107 passengers died.
Crew and passengers
The flight's cockpit crew consisted of the following:
The cabin crew were of mixed nationalities, with only one Bahraini. Two of the crew were from the United Kingdom, the latter who was a native of Peterborough. Other nationalities of the passengers included a Filipino, Indian, Pakistani, and an American.
There were 96 Pakistani nationals, many returning to jobs in Abu Dhabi and Bahrain after spending the Eid al Adha holiday with their families in Pakistan. There were also seven passengers from the United Kingdom, one from the United States, and one from Iran.
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The bomb explosion led to a fire in the baggage compartment. Despite this, the crew managed to send a short distress signal. The aircraft then crashed into the ground, killing all 112 people on board.
The investigation was carried out by the American National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), and they released a 400-page report on their findings, which was not immediately published in the Persian Gulf region. The report was revealed in September 1987 by British politician Sir Dudley Smith, under pressure from the parents of British stewardess Lyn Farthing who perished in the crash.
The report included a description of the last moments in the cockpit, including a description of Omani captain Saoud Al Kindy praying as the plane nose-dived into the desert. The report mentioned that everything on board the flight was perfectly normal and voice transcripts showed the crew chatting among themselves. One asked the other if he was on duty the next day, to which he replied "No, I've got a day off tomorrow". That was followed by a sudden interruption and the recording showed the pilots making a frantic attempt to control the plane.
The report indicated a bomb in the baggage hold as the primary cause of the accident, due to the following factors:
- A passenger who checked in baggage at Karachi but never boarded the plane.
- The nature of injuries to passengers who were seated above the baggage hold.
- A sudden interruption to an otherwise normally operating flight.
- Data obtained from the aircraft's flight data recorder.
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- "Gulf Air flight GF771". FlightRadar24. FlightRadar24. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
- Criminal Occurrence description at the Aviation Safety Network
- A picture of the Gulf Air A4O-BK that crashed – Airliners.net
- Abu Nidal behind 1983 Gulf Air bombing: Aide (Archive)