Gulf Cup of Nations
|Founded||1968, officially in 1970|
|Number of teams||8 (2 groups)
|Current champions|| Qatar
|Most successful team(s)|| Kuwait
|2017 Gulf Cup of Nations|
The Gulf Cup of Nations or Arabian Gulf Cup (Arabic: كأس الخليج العربي Ka′s al-Khalīj al-′Arabiyy) is an association football tournament currently held every two years rotating the host city every edition. Previously the competition was usually held by countries members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) on a biennial basis, but the history of the competition has also seen it held every 3–4 years, due to political or organizational problems. The Gulf Cup of Nations is not a FIFA-sanctioned event.
Kuwait has been the most successful team in the Gulf Cup of Nations, winning 10 tournaments out of 20 in total. The 17th edition of the tournament featured sports such as handball, basketball, and volleyball. The 2007 and 2009 tournaments included these sports as well.
In addition, Kuwait became the most successful team in that region and during the '80s Kuwait's football team was recognized as one of the top national teams in the world after beating England. Despite its lost against France in the 1982 world cup, the gulf winner, Kuwait, broke the world record for an underdog team to make it to the world cup.
In May 2016, a new regional governing body was established to organize the competition, known as the Gulf Cup Federation.
An increasing popularity
A major point that helped Qatar improve the competition was the fact that Al Jazeera Sports, the leading sports channel in West Asia, and North Africa is based in Doha. Al Jazeera Sports won broadcasting rights to the 2004, and exclusively in the 2009 Gulf Cup after a deal ending in $23.5 million, and dramatically reformed the Gulf Cup of Arabian Nations by hosting numerous talk shows and documentaries, on top of filming in HD and perfecting camerawork of matches.
The Gulf Cup of Nations tournament is a tournament not officially recognized by FIFA, but recent steps have been taken to make the competition official, such as the attendance of matches by powerful people in football including FIFA President, Sepp Blatter, and UEFA president, Michel Platini. The FIFA Executive Committee has also put on their October 4, 2013 meeting agenda to hear the proposal for the Gulf Cup to be included in the international match calendar.
- ^n/a A round-robin tournament determined the final standings.
|Kuwait||10 (1970, 1972, 1974*, 1976, 1982, 1986, 1990*, 1996, 1998, 2010)||1 (1979)||2 (2002, 2013)||1 (2004)||1 (2009)|
|Saudi Arabia||3 (1994, 2002*, 2003)||6 (1972*, 1974, 1998, 2009, 2010, 2014*)||7 (1970, 1979, 1984, 1986, 1988*, 1992, 1996)||1 (1982)||1 (2007)|
|Qatar||3 (1992*, 2004*, 2014)||4 (1984, 1990, 1996, 2002)||2 (1976*, 2003)||5 (1970, 1972, 1974, 1986, 1994)||1 (2009)|
|Iraq||3 (1979*, 1984, 1988)||2 (1976, 2013)||–||–||1 (2010)|
|United Arab Emirates||2 (2007, 2013)||3 (1986, 1988, 1994)||5 (1972, 1974, 1982*, 1998, 2014)||3 (1984, 1992, 1996)||1 (2010)|
|Oman||1 (2009)||2 (2004, 2007)||–||4 (1990, 1998, 2003, 2014)||–|
|Bahrain||–||4 (1970*, 1982, 1992, 2003)||3 (1990, 1994, 2004)||5 (1976, 1979, 1988, 2002, 2013*)||1 (2007)|
|United Arab Emirates||3rd||4th||GS||GS||3rd||4th||2nd||2nd||GS||4th||2nd||4th||3rd||GS||GS||GS||1st||GS||SF||1st||3rd||21|
- (#) Invitee.
- Red border: Host nation.
- Blank: Did not enter.
- TBD: To be determined.
- GS: Group Stage.
- SF: Semifinals. (No 3rd place playoff.)
- WD: Withdrew
- Iraq was banned from the competition from 1991 to 2003.
- Yemen and Bahrain have not yet won the championship.
- Bahrain and Saudi Arabia had a joint second place in 1992.
- There was no third place for the Gulf Cup in 2007, 2009 and 2010.
All-time goal records
Below the table of all-time goal records by nations.
|Nation||Goals Scored||Tournaments||Games Played||Goals per Game|
|United Arab Emirates||97||20||96||1.02|
All-time goal records by Tournaments:
|Tournaments||Games||Goals Scored||Goals per Game|
- Kuwait reached 100 goals on 3 March 1988 vs Qatar
- Saudi Arabia reached 100 goals on 19 October 1996 vs Qatar
- Qatar reached 100 goals on 16 December 2004 vs Oman
- Bahrain reached 100 goals on 11 January 2013 vs Qatar
- United Arab Emirates reached 100 goals on 11 January 2013 vs Oman
- Iraq reached 100 goals on 2 December 2010 vs Kuwait
Includes 1974 Preliminary Round games
Does not include penalty shoot-out goals
All-time top scorers
|Majed Abdullah||Saudi Arabia||17|
|4||Jasem Al Huwaidi||Kuwait||14|
|Fahad Khamees||United Arab Emirates||10|
|Yasser Al-Qahtani||Saudi Arabia||10|
Golden boot history
|2004||Amad Al Hosni||4|
|1998||Jasem Al Huwaidi||9|
|1996||Mohammed Salem Al-Enazi||4|
|1972||Hamad Bu Hamood||6|
- Biggest Win - 8 Goals
- Most Goals in a game - 8 Goals
- Most Individual Goals in a Single Game - 5 Goals
- Most Individual Goals in a Single Tournament - 10 Goals
- Under 23 Gulf Cup of Nations
- Under 17 Gulf Cup of Nations
- Arab Nations Cup
- Asian Football Confederation
- AFC Asian Cup
- AFF Championship
- EAFF East Asian Cup
- ECO Cup
- Gulf Cup of Nations
- SAFF Championship
- WAFF Championship
- Iraq pull out of Gulf Cup in spat with Saudi Arabia
- http://gulfnews.com/sport/football/uae-fans-could-be-deprived-of-gulf-cup-action-1.43346 - Al Jazeera win rights from Abu Dhabi & Dubai Sports, in a competition that was broadcast freely just a decade ago
- http://m.sportbusiness.com/news/168199/al-jazeera-acquires-gulf-cup-rights - Al Jazeera Sports receive full broadcasting rights for 23.5 million dollars
- http://www.wtvision.com/290/wtvision-broadcasts-real-time-statistics-at-2009-gulf-cup-in-oman.htm - Al Jazeera Sports offer the Gulf Cup in HD for the first time, and offer further enhanced visual graphics
- http://www.gulf-cup.net/index.asp?IDNews=125&id=100001 - Sepp Blatter on the 19th Gulf Cup
- http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/84173262/AFP - Michel Platini attending the 19th Gulf Cup
- http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/84167684/AFP - Michel Platini attending the 19th Gulf Cup
- http://gulfcup19.com/english/Gulfcup-History.aspx#statistics - Gulf Cup statistics by team
- Statistics made by contributor based on information found on gulfcup.com