Gulf of İzmit

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Coordinates: 40°44′N 29°39′E / 40.74°N 29.65°E / 40.74; 29.65

Gulf of İzmit
Gulf of İzmit is located in Sea of Marmara
Gulf of İzmit
Gulf of İzmit (Sea of Marmara)

Gulf of İzmit (Turkish: İzmit Körfezi), also referred to as Izmit Bay, is a bay at the easternmost edge of the Sea of Marmara, in Kocaeli Province, Turkey. It's ancient names were Gulf of Astacus, Sinus Astacenus (Ancient Greek: Ἀστακηνὸς κόλπος),[1] Olbianus Sinus (Ancient Greek: Ὀλβιανὸς κόλπος, romanizedOlbianos kolpos)[2] and Gulf of Nicomedia.[3]

It took the names Gulf of Astacus and Sinus Astacenus from the city Astacus.[4][5]

The gulf takes its name from the city of İzmit, other cities and towns around the bay being Gebze, Körfez, Gölcük, and Altınova. In the east–west direction, it extends for a length of about 48 kilometres (30 mi), while in the north–south direction its width varies from 2 to 3 kilometres (1.2 to 1.9 mi) at the narrowest spots to about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) at its widest. The İzmit Bay Bridge is a suspension bridge that bridges the gulf.

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