Gulf of Corinth

Coordinates: 38°12′N 22°30′E / 38.200°N 22.500°E / 38.200; 22.500
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gulf of Corinth
Κορινθιακός Κόλπος (Greek)
Gulf of Corinth
Gulf of Corinth is located in Greece
Gulf of Corinth
Gulf of Corinth
Gulf of Corinth is located in Mediterranean
Gulf of Corinth
Gulf of Corinth
Gulf of Corinth is located in Europe
Gulf of Corinth
Gulf of Corinth
Coordinates38°12′N 22°30′E / 38.200°N 22.500°E / 38.200; 22.500
Part ofIonian Sea (Mediterranean)
Basin countriesGreece
Max. length130 km (81 mi)[1]
Max. width32 km (20 mi)
Min. width8.4 km (5.2 mi)
Surface area2,400 km2 (930 sq mi)
Max. depth935 m (3,068 ft)

The Gulf of Corinth or the Corinthian Gulf (Greek: Κορινθιακός Κόλπος, romanizedKorinthiakós Kólpos, Greek pronunciation: [koɾinθiaˈkos ˈkolpos]) is a deep inlet of the Ionian Sea, separating the Peloponnese from western mainland Greece. It is bounded in the east by the Isthmus of Corinth which includes the shipping-designed Corinth Canal and in the west by the Strait of Rion which widens into the shorter Gulf of Patras (part of the Ionian Sea) and of which the narrowest point is crossed since 2004 by the Rio–Antirrio bridge. The gulf is bordered by the large administrative divisions (regional units): Aetolia-Acarnania and Phocis in the north, Boeotia in the northeast, Attica in the east, Corinthia in the southeast and south and Achaea in the southwest. The gulf is in tectonic movement comparable to movement in parts of Iceland and Turkey, growing by 10 mm (0.39 in) per year.

In the Middle Ages, the gulf was known as the Gulf of Lepanto (the Italian form of Naupactus).

Shipping routes between the Greek commercial port Piraeus (further away from ultimate destinations but larger and better connected to the south than the north-western Greek port of Igoumenitsa) to western Mediterranean and hemisphere ports pass along this gulf. A ferry crosses the gulf to link Aigio and Agios Nikolaos, towards the western part of the gulf.[2]


Gulf of Corinth as seen from the mountains near upper Ziria. To the right of the photo we can see the Trizonia island

The gulf was created by the expansion of a tectonic rift due to the westward movement of the Anatolian Plate, and expands by 10 mm (0.39 in) per year.[3] The surrounding faults can produce earthquakes up to magnitude around 6.5, though they are relatively uncommon. On June 15, 1995, an earthquake of magnitude 6.2 occurred near the city of Aigion. A large part of the northern margin of gulf is characterized by gentle gradients (between 10 and 20 degrees). The southern margin of the gulf is largely characterized by steep gradients (between 30 and 40 degrees).[4]


Striped dolphins jumping in the gulf

Cetaceans such as fin whales[5] or dolphins are known to enter the Corinthian gulf occasionally.[6]

Gulfs and bays[edit]



Cities and towns[edit]

Gulf of Corinth from Acrocorinth

The main cities and towns that lie next to the gulf are, from the northwest clockwise, and grouped by regional unit:


Corinth Canal

All tributaries are listed west to east.




  1. ^ Thalassographica, Institute of Oceanographic and Fisheries Research, vol. 11-15, page 35, (1988)
  2. ^ "Greece's first electric ferry announced". Plugboats. 19 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Ambraseys, N.N. & Jackson, J.A. 1997. Seismicity and strain in the Gulf of Corinth (Greece) since 1694. Journal of earthquake engineering, 1, 433-474". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Frostick, L & Steel, Ronald. (2009). Tectonic Signatures in Sedimentary Basin Fills: An Overview. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts. 31. 1-9.10.1002/9781444304053.ch1
  5. ^ nefarius03 (19 May 2013). "Fin Whale in the Gulf of Korinth". Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 13 April 2018 – via YouTube.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ Keep Talking Greece. 2011. Trapped Whale in Greece (video) Archived 2017-11-22 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on November 6. 2014

External links[edit]