Gulf of Oman
|Gulf of Oman|
|Part of||Indian Ocean|
|Basin countries||Iran, Pakistan, Oman, UAE|
|Max. width||340 km (210 mi)|
|Surface area||181,000 km2 (70,000 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||3,400 m (11,200 ft)|
The Gulf of Oman or Sea of Oman (Arabic: خَلِيج عُمَان khalīj ʿumān; Persian: دریای عمان daryâ-ye omân), also known as Makran (Persian: مکران, Urdu: مکران), is a gulf that connects the Arabian Sea with the Strait of Hormuz, which then runs to the Persian Gulf. It borders Iran and Pakistan on the north, Oman on the south, and the United Arab Emirates on the west.
Gulf of Oman historically and geographically has been referred to with different names by Arabian, Iranian, Indian, Pakistani and European geographers and travelers, including Makran Sea and Akhzar Sea.
- Makran Sea
- Akhzar Sea
- Persian Sea (Consist of whole of Persian gulf and gulf of Oman)
Until 18th Century it was known as Makran Sea and is also visible on historical maps and museums.
- Iran 850 km Coastline
- Pakistan 50 km Coastline
- Oman 750 km Coastline
- United Arab Emirates 50 km Coastline
- Port of Fujairah, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates
- Khor Fakkan Container Terminal, Khor Fakkan, United Arab Emirates
- Port of Chabahar, Chabahar, Iran
- Port Sultan Qaboos, Muttrah, Oman
In 2018, scientists confirmed the Gulf of Oman contains one of the world's largest marine dead zones, where the ocean contains little or no oxygen and marine wildlife cannot exist. The dead zone encompasses nearly the entire 165,000-square-kilometre (63,700 sq mi) Gulf of Oman. The cause is a combination of increased ocean warming and increased runoff of nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizers.
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- "Scientists Confirm Florida-Sized Dead Zone in the Gulf of Oman". Yale Environment 360. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
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