Northernmost part of Gulf of Suez with town Suez on the map of 1856
The northern end of the Red Seabifurcates into the Sinai Peninsula, creating the Gulf of Suez (Arabic: خليج السويس; transliterated: khalīǧ as-suwais; formerly: بحر القلزم, transliterated: baḥar al-qulzum) in the west and the Gulf of Aqaba to the east. The gulf was formed within a relatively young but now inactive Gulf of Suez Riftrift basin, dating back about 28 million years. It stretches some 300 kilometres (190 mi) north by northwest, terminating at the Egyptian city of Suez and the entrance to the Suez Canal. Along the mid-line of the gulf is the boundary between Africa and Asia. The entrance of the gulf lies atop the mature Gemsa oil and gas field.
^ abcLelek, J.J., Shepherd, D.B., Stone, D.M., and Abdine, A.S., 1992, October Field, In Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade, 1978-1988, AAPG Memoir 54, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813330