Gulf of Taranto
|Gulf of Taranto|
Map of the Gulf of Taranto.
|Etymology||after the city of Taranto|
|Part of||Ionian Sea|
|Primary inflows||Agri, Basento, Sinni|
|Primary outflows||Mediterranean Sea|
|Settlements||Taranto, Gallipoli, Crotone|
The Gulf of Taranto is almost square, 140 km (87 mi) long and wide, and is delimited by the capes Santa Maria di Leuca (to the east, in Apulia) and Colonna (the ancient Lacinium, to the west, in Calabria), encompassed by the three regions of Apulia, Basilicata and Calabria. The most important rivers are the Basento, the Sinni, and the Agri.
Italy claims the whole gulf as national waters, thus closed to international traffic. This position, which is similar to that of Libya on the Gulf of Sidra, is not recognized by some other countries, such as the United States and the United Kingdom.
- Hattendorf, John B. (2000). Naval Policy and Strategy in the Mediterranean: Past, Present, and Future. Frank Cass Publishers. p. 353.