|First flight||December 25, 1997|
|Developed from||IAI Astra|
The Gulfstream G200, formerly known as the IAI Galaxy is a twin-engine business jet. It was designed originally by Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and was produced for Gulfstream Aerospace from 1999 through 2011.
Design and development
The G200 was originally named "Astra Galaxy". Israel Aircraft Industries' subsidiary Galaxy Aerospace Inc began designing the Galaxy in the late 1980s in a risk-sharing partnership with the Soviet aircraft design bureau Yakovlev OKB. The program officially launched in September 1993. Yakovlev handled design and manufacturing of the forward fuselage and empennage. However, the Russian company had trouble meeting agreed production schedules, and the partnership was ended in 1995. This led to another risk-sharing agreement, with EADS Sogerma manufacturing the fuselage and empennage, and IAI being responsible for final assembly and other prime contractor duties.
The Galaxy was based on a new wider fuselage, attached to a strengthened Astra SPX wing with integrated winglets and modified high lift devices, powered by new 5,700 lb (25.3 kN) thrust Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306 turbofans, and with improved Pro Line 4 avionics and all-new interior. The decision to use the existing Astra SPX wing imposed a limit on maximum size, but allowed for a fuselage large enough to accommodate three-abreast seating. The main change from the Astra SPX wing was the introduction of Krueger flaps on the leading edges of the inboard section. These recovered some of the field performance lost as a result of the Galaxy's higher wing loading. It used rubber de-ice boots on wing and horizontal stabilizer leading edges. The aircraft has seating configurations for 8 to 10 passengers. The G200 has a forward tilting stance when on the ground.
The Galaxy first flew on December 25, 1997. By December 1998 it had received certification from the US and Israeli aviation agencies. Deliveries began the following year. The Galaxy was renamed "G200" after Gulfstream Aerospace acquired Galaxy Aerospace in June 2001.
In 2005, Gulfstream began designing a follow-on aircraft. The new model, known as the G250 was launched in 2008. It was later renamed the Gulfstream G280. The final production G200 rolled off the production line on December 19, 2011; 250 units had been built.
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: Typical Seating of 8-10, 18 Max
- Payload: 4,050 lb (1,840 kg)
- Length: 62 ft 3 in (18.97 m)
- Wingspan: 58 ft 1 in (17.70 m)
- Height: 21 ft 5 in (6.53 m)
- Wing area: 369 ft² (34.3 m²)
- Empty weight: 19,200 lb (8,709 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 35,450 lb (16,080 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306A turbofans, 6,040 lbf (26.9 kN) each
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.85 (487 knots, 560 mph, 900 km/h) at altitude
- Cruise speed: Mach 0.80 (459 knots, 528 mph, 850 km/h) normal cruise at altitude
- Range: 3,400 nmi (3,910 mi, 6,300 km) at Mach 0.75 with 4 passengers
- Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (13,700 m)
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- "Last G200 Rolls Off Production Line". Aviation Today. December 22, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
- Gunston, Bill and Yefim Gordon. Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924. London, UK: Putnam Aeronautical Books, 1997. ISBN 1-55750-978-6.
- "Corporate Aircraft, Astra Jet". Flight International, 12–16 June 1996.
- "IAI stars in Galaxy production reshuffle". Flight International, 4 October 1995.
- Frawley, Gerard (2002). The International Directory of Civil Aircraft. Fyshwick ACT, Australia: Aerospace Publications Pty Ltd. p. 134. ISBN 1-875671-58-7.
- Moxon, Julian (30 September – 6 October 1998). "Exploring the Galaxy". Flight International. pp. 65–69.
The Galaxy "Super Mid-Size" Business Jet Aims to Lower the Price of Large Cabin Comfort
- G200 Overview. Gulfstream. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
- Israel IAI-1126 Galaxy/Gulfstream G200. Airliners.net.
- "Gulfstream launches G250 set to dominate super mid-size sector from 2011". Flight Global. 5 October 2008. p. 27.
- "NBAA 2008: Gulfstream know-how buoys G250 performance claims". Flight International
- G200 Specifications. Gulfstream. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
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