Gulkana, Alaska

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Gulkana
C’ulc’e Na’
CDP
Location of Gulkana, Alaska
Location of Gulkana, Alaska
Coordinates: 62°14′25″N 145°25′22″W / 62.24028°N 145.42278°W / 62.24028; -145.42278Coordinates: 62°14′25″N 145°25′22″W / 62.24028°N 145.42278°W / 62.24028; -145.42278
CountryUnited States
StateAlaska
Census AreaValdez-Cordova
Government
 • State senatorClick Bishop (R)
 • State rep.Dave Talerico (R)
Area
 • Total36.5 sq mi (94.6 km2)
 • Land36.5 sq mi (94.6 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total119
Time zoneUTC-9 (Alaska (AKST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-8 (AKDT)
Area code(s)907
FIPS code02-30500

Gulkana /ɡʌlˈkænə/ (C’ulc’e Na’[1] in Ahtna Athabascan) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Valdez-Cordova Census Area, Alaska, U.S. At the 2010 census the population was 119, up from 88 in 2000.

Geography[edit]

Gulkana is located at 62°14′25″N 145°25′22″W / 62.24028°N 145.42278°W / 62.24028; -145.42278 (62.240213, -145.422883).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 36.5 square miles (95 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Gulkana has a continental subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc).

Climate data for Gulkana Airport, Alaska (1981–2010 normals,[3] extremes 1909–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 52
(11)
53
(12)
53
(12)
70
(21)
85
(29)
90
(32)
97
(36)
88
(31)
76
(24)
69
(21)
48
(9)
49
(9)
97
(36)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 31.6
(−0.2)
37.4
(3)
42.0
(5.6)
57.1
(13.9)
69.8
(21)
79.5
(26.4)
79.9
(26.6)
76.5
(24.7)
64.9
(18.3)
52.3
(11.3)
34.7
(1.5)
34.6
(1.4)
82.0
(27.8)
Average high °F (°C) 5.0
(−15)
15.5
(−9.2)
28.2
(−2.1)
43.3
(6.3)
57.0
(13.9)
66.4
(19.1)
68.6
(20.3)
64.7
(18.2)
53.6
(12)
34.7
(1.5)
13.6
(−10.2)
8.3
(−13.2)
38.3
(3.5)
Average low °F (°C) −10.7
(−23.7)
−4.5
(−20.3)
3.0
(−16.1)
20.4
(−6.4)
33.4
(0.8)
42.3
(5.7)
46.5
(8.1)
42.4
(5.8)
33.0
(0.6)
18.4
(−7.6)
−2.0
(−18.9)
−7.4
(−21.9)
18.0
(−7.8)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −36.4
(−38)
−30.3
(−34.6)
−21.2
(−29.6)
−3
(−19)
23.1
(−4.9)
31.0
(−0.6)
35.7
(2.1)
27.8
(−2.3)
16.1
(−8.8)
−5.3
(−20.7)
−24.4
(−31.3)
−31.9
(−35.5)
−42.9
(−41.6)
Record low °F (°C) −60
(−51)
−65
(−54)
−48
(−44)
−42
(−41)
5
(−15)
22
(−6)
29
(−2)
20
(−7)
2
(−17)
−23
(−31)
−45
(−43)
−65
(−54)
−65
(−54)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.46
(11.7)
0.51
(13)
0.30
(7.6)
0.24
(6.1)
0.65
(16.5)
1.40
(35.6)
1.81
(46)
1.80
(45.7)
1.58
(40.1)
1.01
(25.7)
0.72
(18.3)
0.78
(19.8)
11.26
(286)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.3
(23.6)
10.0
(25.4)
3.7
(9.4)
3.0
(7.6)
0.6
(1.5)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
9.8
(24.9)
9.9
(25.1)
10.7
(27.2)
58.4
(148.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 7.2 6.0 4.1 3.2 6.3 10.6 12.9 13.1 12.3 9.5 7.8 7.7 100.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 7.7 7.0 4.6 2.2 0.4 0.1 0 0 0.9 6.7 8.3 8.5 46.4
Source: NOAA[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
194025
195065160.0%
196051−21.5%
1970533.9%
198010496.2%
1990103−1.0%
200088−14.6%
201011935.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

Gulkana first appeared on the 1940 U.S. Census as an unincorporated village. In 1960, it was reported as Gulkana Reservation (separate from nearby Gulkana Airport, also an unincorporated community, which had a population of 32). In 1970, it was returned again as Gulkana. It was made a census-designated place (CDP) in 1980.

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 88 people, 33 households, and 19 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2.4 people per square mile (0.9/km²). There were 43 housing units at an average density of 1.2/sq mi (0.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 26.14% White, 71.59% Native American, and 2.27% from two or more races. 1.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 33 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.3% were married couples living together, 30.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.32.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 35.2% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,875, and the median income for a family was $27,750. Males had a median income of $60,833 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,548. There were 35.3% of families and 40.7% of the population living below the poverty line, including 40.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ UAF: Alaska Native Place Names
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  3. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  4. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  5. ^ "Station Name: AK GULKANA AP". National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.