|Uzbekistan’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva|
|Ambassador of Uzbekistan to Spain|
8 July 1972 |
Fergana, Uzbek SSR
|Alma mater||Tashkent State University
Gulnora Islomovna Karimova (Cyrillic: Гульнора Исламовна Каримова; Russian: Гульнара Исламовна Каримова, Gulnara Islamovna Karimova; born 8 July 1972) is the elder daughter of Islam Karimov, the president of Uzbekistan. She is also notable as a diplomat, professor, and businessperson. She is the founder and chairperson of the Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundations Board of Trustees and a number of NGOs focused on cultural and social aspects of life in Uzbekistan.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career and activities
- 3 Personal life
- 4 References
- 5 Further reading
Early life and education
Karimova graduated from the Youth Mathematic Academy in Tashkent in 1988. During 1987 she interned at the State Committee of Uzbekistan on Statistics. From 1989 to 1994 she attended Tashkent State University, where she obtained a Bachelor degree from the International Economics department. During her second year, she worked as a translator at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Republic of Uzbekistan. In 1992 she completed a course of jewelry design in New York Fashion Institute of Technology.
Between 1994 and 1996 she was enrolled at Institute of Economy at the Uzbekistan Academy of Science where she pursued a Masters Degree. During 1994-1995 she was intern-teacher at political science department of the University of World Economy and Diplomacy in Tashkent. Afterwards, from summer 1995 until 1996 she worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan at the department for political analysis and forecast, where she was assigned to write analytical reports for the State Security Council and the Presidential Administration.
The next phase of her education took place after a few years of full-time work. Between 1998 and 2000 Karimova enrolled at the graduate level at Harvard University, where she was awarded a Masters Degree in regional studies. At the same time, she was enrolled at the University of World Economy and Diplomacy (UWED) in Tashkent, where in 2001 was awarded PhD in political science. Since 2009 she has held the chair of political science at the UWED. She also holds a Bachelor of Arts in telecommunications which she received in 2006 from Tashkent University of Informational Technologies.
Career and activities
Political and diplomatic activities
Between summer 1995 and autumn 1997 she was Adviser to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan. During this time she helped on with organizing the Tashkent International Conference “Central Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone” (CANWFZ).
In 1998 and from 2000 to 2003 Karimova served as counselor at Uzbekistan’s Mission to the United Nations in New York. From 2003 until 2005 she was minister-counselor at the Uzbek embassy in Moscow, and served as adviser to the minister of foreign affairs from 2005 to 2008. In February 2008 she was appointed deputy foreign minister for international cooperation in cultural and humanitarian affairs. In September of the same year she became Permanent Representative of Uzbekistan to the United Nations and other international organizations in Geneva. In January 2010, she was named Uzbek Ambassador in Spain. She is a member of the Cercle Diplomatique de Genève.
In 2012 Karimova was honoured with the "Silk Road and Humanitarian Cooperation" Award of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.
According to US diplomats in Uzbekistan, Karimova "bullied her way into gaining a slice of virtually every lucrative business" in the country and is viewed as a "robber baron".
Karimova was believed to control Uzdunrobita, Uzbekistan's national mobile telephone network, as well as the country's healthcare, and media sectors. However since June 2007 Uzdunrobita has been totally owned by Mobile Telesystems OJSC (“MTS” - NYSE: MBT), the largest mobile phone operator in Russia and the CIS. December 2009, the Swiss magazine "Bilanz" described Gulnora Karimova as one of the ten richest women in the country.
In the interview to the Swiss economic magazine Bilan, Karimova denied her involvement into mentioned cases stating: I have never considered the opportunities of doing business in Switzerland. […]These references are insinuations of my opponents. My name has been mentioned earlier several times in relations to companies such as Zeromax in Zug, Interspan, Oxus Gold, Wimm-Bill-Dann of Russia, Carlsberg and many others. 
In March 2014, the Swiss Prosecutor's Office announced that it had extended a money laundering investigation to include Karimova. The probe, launched in 2012, had initially focused on four of Karimova’s allies.
Promoting Uzbekistan in politics
In 2005 Karimova established and promoted the "Centre for Political Studies", the first independent think tank. which focuses on scientific-applied research on present-day issues of internal and foreign policy of Uzbekistan, regional security, economic development and international cooperation. The Centre prepares informational, analytical and prognosis materials on these subjects. Today the Centre for Political Studies cooperates with more than 25 institutions worldwide. Karimova is a chief-editor of the monthly published the Information-Analytical Bulletin “Uzbekistan & Central Asia”.
Under Karimova's supervision five NGOs have been established in Uzbekistan. In 2009, two of the foundations, the Social Initiatives Support Fund (SISF) and the Women's Council Public Association, organized a conference on "Medical aspects and role of Public Organizations in breast cancer problems solutions". In 2006, under the SISF, Karimova took on initiative of micro-credits for women farmers in rural areas of Uzbekistan.
Karimova is founder and the chairperson of the social organisation called Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundation (the Fund Forum). The Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundation (the Fund Forum), the biggest NGO in the country was established in spring 2004 Since then, signed a number of MOU with international organisations and in 2010 received consultative status at the ECOSOC (United Nations Economic and Social Council). On 24 December 2010, the International Olympic Committee honored the Fund Forum with its annual "Sport – Inspiring Young People" Trophy for its activities in the area of sport, education and culture among youth. Beyond national cultural and art promotion, the Fund also provides merit- and need-based scholarships for undergraduate and graduate levels.
In June 2010 the Fund Forum in cooperation with other foundations engaged in humanitarian aid to those affected by the events in neighbouring Kyrgyzstan.
In 2010, she initiated the organization of a charitable marathon, “In the Name of Life” under the auspices of the Fund Forum, the Women's Council and the Uzbekistan National Breast Cancer Association. 100,000 people across the Uzbekistan have joined the marathon since its launch. In 2012 Karimova is reported to donated over 25 million sum to the National Breast Cancer Association to purchase cancer medication during the marathon. In 2013 the race attracted 7,000 runners.
In April 2012 Karimova announced that she had initiated the establishment of a new NGO, the “Forum of Socially Responsible Citizens of Uzbekistan”, which focuses on support of Uzbek citizens’ social initiatives.
Support of youth
In 2004 on her initiative was created “YangiAvlod” Festival which supports children in arts disciplines. Also in 2009 the news have spread internationally that two of the worlds' most famous football strikers Cameroonian Samuel Eto'o and Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo agreed to support Gulnara Karimova's new initiative launching a children's project. Both of the players evidently have signed Memorandums of cooperation with the Fund Forum.
Another project of Karimova, the Kelajak Ovozi Talented Youth Contest, has reportedly been attended by 388,000 young people in Uzbekistan since 2005, with projects and ideas ranging from IT, through architecture and design, to social innovations and poetry.
Sting performed in Uzbekistan in 2009, giving his concert as part of the annual Art Week Style.Uz project initiated in 2006 by Karimova. Earlier, he had participated in an Yangi Avlod-arranged festival. After his concert, several commentators accused him of hypocrisy for playing in that country and supporting Karimova. The singer justified his action in an October 2010 interview, saying that there is no cultural embargo on Uzbekistan and "... If this should happen, Uzbek community would become more paranoid, more aggressive towards us (i.e. Western people). Arts , journalism, enterprises, circulation of ideas – and I personally believe in the power of music – are all matters that do well/are helpful to totalitarian regimes. Regarding Karimova, she is much more sensitive to culture. So why not? Let’s keep the doors open."
In 2006, Karimova released her first music video singing a song called “Unutma Meni” (Don't Forget Me) under the stage name "Googoosha", apparently her father′s nickname for her. According to commentators, the video was part of a campaign to promote her popularity in Uzbekistan. She also performed in a later music video, singing a duet of “Besame Mucho” with Julio Iglesias.
In December 2012, Googoosha released a duet with French actor Gérard Depardieu. During his visit to Uzbekistan, the French actor agreed to star in an Uzbek film. Gulnara Karimova wrote a screenplay for "The Theft of the White Cocoon", a story about the origin of the famed Central Asian silk, and set in the 5th and 6th centuries.
Googoosha’s first single “Round Run” was released in April 2012 with various remixes by DJ White Shadow, Razor N Guido of USA and Max Fadeev of Russia. The remix from the album "has been on air in many radio stations and been played at more than 100 night clubs in the US", and reached 5th place in the US Billboard Breakouts for Hot Dance Club Play section. In June 2012 Karimova released her self-titled debut album in the US and other countries on iTunes. The album was also expected to be released in Asia, Russia and a number of other European countries.
Fashion and jewellery design
In March 2009 Karimova presented her own special jewellery collection "GULI for Chopard", designed for renowned Swiss company Chopard. Reportedly her royalty for design from sales of the collection will benefit the "Yangi Avlod" (New Generation) Children's Festival.
In September 2011, Karimova′s planned spring 2012 fashion show at New York’s Fashion Week was banned after Human Rights Watch and other organizations had drawn attention to her connection to her father’s government and its record on torture, and child and forced labour. According to Human Rights Watch, up to two million Uzbek children are forced to leave school each year for two months to pick cotton – a fabric woven throughout Karimova’s designs.
In Uzbekistan, Karimova also hosts Style.uz Art Week featuring catwalk shows of international labels such as Cavalli, Scervino and Chopard. Art Week also includes Theatre.uz International Theatre Festival, Golden Guepard Tashkent International Film Forum, Biennale and Photobiennale exhibitions as well as master-classes, round tables, concerts and charity events.
Gulnara Karimova, the designer behind the Guli label, presented her first fragrances, Victorious for men and Mysterieuse for women, on October 8 as part of Style.Uz Art Week 2012. The fragrances were created by French perfumer Bertrand Duchaufour. Halit Ergenç the famous Turkish actor became a face of Victorious for men.
Cinema against AIDS
In May 2010, Karimova was at the center of a scandal surrounding her attendance of the annual "Cinema against AIDS" gala fundraising event organised by amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research during the Cannes Film Festival.
AmfAR faced criticism from NGOs such as Reporters without Borders, with claims that it would be hypocritical for AmfAR to accept the attendance of Karimova given her country’s refusal to take AIDS treatment seriously. Just months before the Cinema Against AIDS dinner, a 27-year-old AIDS activist, Maksim Popov, had been sentenced by an Uzbek court to seven years in prison for distributing information to stop the spread of HIV-AIDS. The Uzbek court deemed the information to be against society’s moral standards.
Alleged house arrest
Marriage and divorce
In 1991, Karimova married Mansur Maqsudi, an American businessman of Afghanistan Uzbek origin. They have two children, a son, Islam, born in 1992 and a daughter, Iman, born in 1998. When the marriage started to crumble in July 2001, Karimova took the two children and left the United States for Uzbekistan. An Uzbek judge granted her a divorce, while a US court granted one to Maqsudi. When Karimova refused to accede to the US court ruling awarding custody of the two children to Maqsudi, an international arrest warrant in her name was filed with Interpol. In return, Maqsudi faced arrest in Uzbekistan, and some of his relatives were arrested and thrown into prison. Others were driven to the Uzbek-Afghan border and dumped on the other side,[not in citation given] and Maqsudi had his business assets in Uzbekistan, particularly his interest in a joint-venture with Coca-Cola, taken away. According to The Guardian, as part of her divorce settlement, Karimova kept $4.5 million worth of jewellery and business interests worth approximately $60 million. On 9 July 2008, custody of the two children was fully given to Karimova, by a Consent Order signed by Judge Deanne M. Wilson (Superior Court of the State of New Jersey).
Allegations of marriage to Sodiq Safoyev
In 2003, when Sodiq Safoyev was the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan, allegations about his marriage to Karimova surfaced in local and international media. Safoyev, a career diplomat and a divorcee as of 2001, was suspected to have been picked by the President Islam Karimov as his possible replacement, hence the marriage to his daughter. However, the allegations were denied by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the BBC, which published the story, was accused by then First Deputy Minister Vladimir Norov of intruding into the personal lives of Safoyev and Karimova.
- "NGO’s and projects". Website Gulnara Karimova.
- Trustfull, Paul. "A Woman of Substance by all Standards". The Forbes Custom. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Biography". Website Gulnara Karimova.
- "GOULNARA KARIMOVA’S WORLD OF DIPLOMACY, CULTURE AND CHARITY". Diva International. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Gulnara Karimova Biography". Informat Fashion. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Uzbekistan: President's elder daughter named Deputy Foreign Minister". Ferghana.Ru. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- Carlin, John (9 May 2010). "Laporta y la diva uzbeca. El presidente del Barcelona ha hecho negocios con la hija del presidente del régimen del país asiático y uno de los peores tiranos del mundo, donde existen la tortura y el esclavismo". El Pais (in Spanish).
- "Gulnara Karimova becomes honorary member of Swiss diplomatic club". UzDaily.com. February 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
- "SCO award goes to Chairperson of Fund Forum's Board of Trustees". Azerbaijan News. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- Leigh, David (2010-12-12). "WikiLeaks cables: US keeps Uzbekistan president onside to protect supply line". The Guardian (London).
- "It's Gulnara's World. We Only Live In It". rferl.org. December 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "MTS acquires remaining stake in Uzdunrobita". Mobile TeleSystems OJSC. June 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-29.
- "Mise en cause par divers médias en Suisse dans un dossier judiciaire, la fille du président de l'Ouzbékistan donne sa version des faits". Bilan.ch. Retrieved 11 March 2013.
- "Swiss investigate Uzbek president’s daughter". swissinfo.ch.
- "Central Asian Energy Market: Trends and Prospects". People's Daily, China.
- "about us". Center for Political Studies. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- "International Forum: "Medical aspects and role of public organizations in breast cancer problems solution"". SISF.uz.
- "Female Funding". World Business TV.
- "Uzbekistan Provides 128 Women With Micro Loans for Business Development". CNW Telbec. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- "Sting awards special grant diplomas to 5 Uzbek talents". AllBusiness, a D&B Company.
- Simons, Alex. "Uzbekistan: Traditions of the Past, Visions of the Future". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- "Culture and Art". Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the UN. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- "Finalists of Kelajak ovozi 2010 saluted" (12). Fund Forum. 2010.
"Nation jeune par excellence (40% de la population a moins de 18 ans)" (82). Tribune de Genev. 2011.
- "Grants to talented Uzbek Youth". ImmediaPress.
- Uzbek-Kyrgyz Refugee Crisis Mobilises International Aid Response
- ""In the Name of Life" Marathon". Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundation. Archived from the original on 16 May 2012.
- "Charitable marathons kick off across Uzbekistan". The Forbes Custom. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- "Forum-marathon "In the Name of Life" raises 216 million soums". Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States. 16 May 2012. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013.
- "7 000 марафонцев в Алмалыке (7000 runners in Almalyk)". Новый Век (in Russian). 5 April 2013. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013.
- Azizov, D. "Uzbekistan Fund Forum completes more than 600 projects in 2012". Trend News. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- "The Forum of Socially Responsible Citizens of Uzbekistan". Gulnara Karimova.
- "Samuel Eto'o launches new project for children of Uzbekistan".
- "Cristiano Ronaldo and Fund Forum sign cooperation agreement".
- "Cristiano Ronaldo's Visit to Uzbekistan: My Experience with the Famous Football Player". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- "Республиканской конкурс одаренной молодежи "Келажак овози" (The Republican contest of talented youth "Kelajak Ovozi")" (in Russian). Официальный сайт Центра молодежных инициатив «Келажак овози» (Official website of the Center of Youth Initiatives "Kelajak Ovozi"). Archived from the original on 9 April 2013.
-  Eurasian Transition website
- Hyde, Marina (2010-02-22). "Sting in the pay of tyrannical Uzbekistan regime". The Guardian (London).
-  Repubblica website
- Parfitt, Tom (11 August 2006). "'Princess of Uzbeks' cavorts in a cartoon wonderland". The Guardian.
- Orange, Richard (15 April 2011). "Gulnara Karimova profile". The Telegraph.
- "Uzbek president's daughter releases duet with Depardieu". AFP. 5 December 2012.
- "Gerard Depardieu to star in Uzbek film by Karimov's daughter". The Telegraph. 29 November 2012.
- "ROUND RUN # 5 BREAKOUT – US CLUBS!". Real Googoosha. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
- "Guli for Chopard". Website Guli.uz.
- "Gulnara Karimova to design for Chopard". France 24.
- "Gulnara Karimova to launch new jewelry line". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
- Orange, Richard (12 September 2010). "Daughter of Uzbek president unveils her fashion collection". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- "Guli Show relocated during Fashion Week".
- "Fashion Week Cancels Show of Uzbek Dictator’s Daughter". Human Rights Watch. 15 September 2011.
- , Fashion TV's Guli Spring 2012 Backstage & Show at New York Fashion Week.
- "Новые ароматы знаменитости: Guli Mysterieuse для нее и Guli Victorious для него от дизайнера Гульнары Каримовой". Embaurma News. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Парфюмерные новинки от Guli". Krasotka fashion website. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- ""Mysterieuse" & "Victorious" от GULIl=http://styled.asia/category/news/2012/10/11/Mysterieuse_amp;Victorious_ot_GULI/". Styled.asia website.
- "Reporters Without Borders are shocked at presence of Gulnara Karimova at "Cinema against AIDS" event in Cannes". FergaNews. 21 May 2010.
- Paul Canning (2010-05-12). "Uzbekistan's Aids shame". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- "Ten reasons why Gulnara’s downfall is not her father’s doing". www.uznews.net. Archived from the original on 2002-11-28. Retrieved 2014-03-12.
- Suspected Gulnara Karimova letter smuggled to BBC
- "The secret recordings of Gulnara Karimova". www.bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
- West, Jackson (16 April 2009). "Gulnara Karimova: Uzbek oligarch, pop musician, UN representative". The Awl.
- Coman, Julian (18 April 2004). "Bitter divorce threatens unlikely alliance at the heart of war on terror". The Telegraph.
- Alden, Edward; Ward, Andrew (13 June 2006). "Bottled up: why Coke stands accused of being too cosy with the Karimovs". Financial Times. Retrieved 2008-11-22.[dead link]
- "Президент готовит себе замену. Садик Сафаев женится на дочери Каримова?" [The President is preparing his replacement. Is Sadyk Safayev marrying Karimov's daughter?]. Centasia. 2003-05-23. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- "Узбекистан отрицает сообщение Би-би-си" [Uzbekistan is refuting the BBC story]. BBC. 2004-08-14. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- Antelava, Natalia (16 January 2014). "BBC iPlayer - Crossing Continents: Uzbekistan: Searching for Googoosha". BBC Online. Retrieved 23 January 2014.