Golpayegan

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Golpayegan
Golpāyegān
city
Golpayegan is located in Iran
Golpayegan
Golpayegan
Coordinates: 33°27′13″N 50°17′18″E / 33.45361°N 50.28833°E / 33.45361; 50.28833Coordinates: 33°27′13″N 50°17′18″E / 33.45361°N 50.28833°E / 33.45361; 50.28833
Country  Iran
Province Isfahan
County Golpayegan
Bakhsh Central
Elevation 1,830 m (6,000 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 47,849
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0372
Website http://www.akhale.ir/ (in Persian:آخاله

Golpayegan (Persian: Golpāyegān‎‎, also Romanized as Golpayegan; also known as Shahr-e Golpāyegān meaning "City of Golpayegan")[1] is a city in and the capital of Golpayegan County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 47,849, in 14,263 families.[2] Golpayegan is located 186 kilometres (116 mi) northwest of Isfahan and 102 kilometres (63 mi) southeast of Arak, situated at an altitude of 1,830 m. Its temperature fluctuates between +37° and -10° Celsius. Its average annual rainfall is 300 mm [3]

Land of tulips[edit]

Historically, the name of the town has been recorded as Vartpadegān,[4] Jorfadeghan,[5] Darbayagan, Kuhpayegan,[6] and Golbādagān.[7] Golpayegan means "fortress of flowers" and "land of tulips" (Persian: سرزمین گلهای سرخ‎, translit. Sarzamin-e golha-ye sorkh‎). According to Ḥamd-Allāh Mostawfi, the town of Golpāyegān was built by the daughter of Bahman, named Samra, also known as Homāy Bente Bahman in Persian.[8]

History[edit]

After Parsadan Gorgijanidze was dismissed from his post as prefect (darugheh) of Isfahan, he was appointed as the new eshik-agha (Master of Ceremonies) and given five villages in the confines of Golpayegan as a fief by king (shah) Abbas II (r. 1642-1666).[9][10]

Historical monuments[edit]

Several historical monuments are located in Golpayegan: Jameh mosque of Golpayegan, a minaret (Manar) from the Seljuk period, the Sarāvar mosque from the 15th-16th centuries, as well as the Hevdah Tan shrine from the 17th century.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Golpayegan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064684" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ (Wezārat-e defāʿ, pp. 218-19; Wezārat-e rāh wa tarābari, pp. 119-20).
  4. ^ (Eṣṭaḵri, p. 198, n. c);
  5. ^ Moqaddasi, p. 402;
  6. ^ (Abu’l-Fedā, Taqwim, p. 419;
  7. ^ (Nozhat al-qolub, ed. Le Strange, p. 68).
  8. ^ (p. 95) and Qāżi Aḥmad Ḡaffāri (p. 30),
  9. ^ Giunashvili 2016.
  10. ^ Paghava, Turkia & Akopyan 2010, p. 22.
  11. ^ (Meškāti, pp. 64-67; Rafiʿi Mehrābādi, pp. 895-96, 898-901).

Sources[edit]

  • Giunashvili, Jemshid (2016). "GORGIJANIDZE, PARSADAN". Encyclopaedia Iranica. 
  • Paghava, I., Turkia S., Akopyan A. (2010), "The cross-in-circle mark on the silver coins of the Safavid ruler, Sultān Husayn, from the Iravān mint", Journal of the Oriental Numismatic Society 202

External links[edit]