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Gulshan Kumar

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Gulshan Kumar Dua
Gulshan Kumar.jpg
Gulshan Kumar Dua

(1956-05-05)5 May 1956
Died12 August 1997(1997-08-12) (aged 41)
Cause of deathBallistic trauma to upper body and head[1]
EducationDeshbandhu College, Delhi University
OccupationBusinessman, Film producer
Years active1972 – 1997 (death)
Spouse(s)Sudesh Kumari Dua (1975-1997; his death)
ChildrenBhushan Kumar Dua (Son)
Tulsi Kumari Ralhan (Daughter)
Khushali Kumari Dua (Daughter)
RelativesKrishan Kumar Dua (Younger Brother)

Gulshan Kumar Dua (5 May 1956 – 12 August 1997),[2] known professionally as Gulshan Kumar, was the founder of the T-Series music label (Super Cassettes Industries Ltd.),[3] and a Bollywood movie producer. He founded T-Series in the 1980s and established it as a leading record label in the 1990s.

In 1997, he was murdered by the Mumbai underworld syndicate D-Company. After his death, T-Series has since been run by his younger brother Krishan Kumar and son Bhushan Kumar.[4] His daughter Tulsi Kumar and Khushali Kumar are also famous playback singers.[5]


Gulshan Kumar Dua was born into a Punjabi Hindu family. He was the son of Chandrabhan Kumar Dua, a fruit juice vendor who worked the streets of the Daryaganj neighborhood in the heart of Delhi. Dua started working with his father from an early age. He was a devoted worshiper of Shri Shiv Ji and Devi Parvati, as he was a follower of the Shaiva tradition of Hinduism.

Dua changed career paths when his family acquired a shop selling records and cheap audio cassettes, which foreshadowed the onset of a vast music empire.[6]

Assassination & Death

Gulshan Kumar Dua lost his life in a shooting outside the Jeeteshwar Mahadev Mandir, a Hindu mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva of which he attended daily in Jeet Nagar, Andheri West suburb of Mumbai,[7] on 12 August 1997. He was shot 16 times by a Mumbai underworld organization called D-Company.[8][9] The police also accused film composer Nadeem Saifi of the music duo Nadeem-Shravan of having paid for the murder due to a personal dispute and fled the country after the murder. However, on 9 January 2001, Abdul Rauf Merchant (known as "Raja") confessed to being the murderer. On 29 April 2002, Sessions Judge M. L. Tahilyani sentenced Rauf to life imprisonment, stating that he was not imposing the death penalty because the prosecution had failed to prove that Rauf was a contract killer. The police alleged that Saifi paid Abu Salem, a known associate of Dawood Ibrahim, to assassinate Dua and assigned Rauf to the job, but it just so happened that Ibrahim and Abu Salem were already planning on murdering Dua as he had refused to pay protection money to D-Company as part of an extortion attempt. As per his family's wishes, Gulshan Kumar Dua was cremated in a shamshan (cremation ground) in Delhi.[10]

After the police's allegations against him, Nadeem Saifi had fled to the United Kingdom. In 2001, the case was taken to the London High Court, which rejected the Indian government's request for extradition on the ground that there was no prima facie case against Saifi. In August 2001, the prosecution's main witness, Mohammed Ali Hussain Shaikh, who had earlier claimed Saifi participated in the murder, eventually revealed that he didn't know Saifi and had never seen him.[11] Abu Salem also denied Nadeem's involvement on Indian national television. Saifi was also exonerated by four courts, including the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and the sessions court in Mumbai. Saifi eventually acquired British citizenship, and later moved to Dubai, where he runs a successful perfumery business.[12][13]


In 2017, T-Series announced plans to produce a biopic about Kumar titled Mogul – The Gulshan Kumar Story.[14]

See also


  1. ^ "Killing of Gulshan Kumar Reveals Mumbai Underworld's Nexus with Bollywood is Turning Nasty". India Today. August 25, 1997. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  2. ^ [1]Gulshan Kumar British Film Institute.
  3. ^ Indian film financing comes of age, 29 May 2004
  4. ^ About Us T Series Official website.
  5. ^ The daughter of the legendary Gulshan Kumar of T Series Tulsi Kumar comes out with her maiden solo album
  6. ^ Gulshan!, 12 July 1997
  7. ^ Gulshan Kumar shot dead, scare in filmdom Archived 5 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine The Indian Express, 13 August 2001.
  8. ^ Prakash, Aryan. "Gulshan Kumar murder mystery: Recalling the day when 16 bullets were pumped into him". Inuth. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  9. ^ "The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August 1997.
  10. ^ Stunned silence at Super Cassettes' Delhi factory The Indian Express, 13 August 2001.
  11. ^ "Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August 2001.
  12. ^ Farooqui, Mazhar (11 May 2016). "Exclusive: 'I request Narendra Modi to help me get justice'". Gulf News.
  13. ^ Bollywood exile Nadeem Saifi seeks government apology, BBC, 19 February 2014
  14. ^ "Mogul first look: Akshay Kumar to play Gulshan Kumar. Who was Gulshan Kumar?". Indian Express. March 15, 2017.

External links