Gulu District

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Gulu City
District location in Uganda
District location in Uganda
Coordinates: 02°45′N 32°00′E / 2.750°N 32.000°E / 2.750; 32.000Coordinates: 02°45′N 32°00′E / 2.750°N 32.000°E / 2.750; 32.000
Country Uganda
RegionNorthern Region of Uganda
Sub-regionAcholi sub-region
 • LCV ChairmanOjara Martin Mapenduzi, 2011 - 2016
 • Total3,452.1 km2 (1,332.9 sq mi)
 (2012 Estimate)
 • Total396,500
 • Density114.9/km2 (298/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Gulu City is a city district in the Northern Region of Uganda. The city of Gulu, which means "gulu-gulu"Acholi language, the name developed from the sound that was produced from flowing water in a river stream, as detected by the British Colonialists in 1902 in the (a reference to Gulu's location in the depression of a prehistoric floodplain),[citation needed] is the site of the district headquarters and is its chief commercial centre.


Gulu (meaning is 'gulu-gulu' from sound of flowing water in river called gulu and the name of the town or city was derived during the colonial. Gulu town or city is the capital of northern Uganda,a city on July 1 2020. Gulu district District is bordered by Lamwo District to the north, Pader and Omoro Districts to the east, Oyam District to the south, Nwoya District to the southwest, and Amuru District to the west. The district headquarters in the town of Gulu are approximately 340 kilometres (210 mi), by road, north of Uganda's capital city, Kampala.[1] The coordinates of the district are 02 45N, 32 00E.[citation needed]


As of May 2011, the district was one of the seven districts that constituted the Acholi sub-region, the historical homeland of the Acholi ethnic group, known to local people (in the postcolonial context) as Acholiland.[citation needed]

The district is composed of Aswa County, Omoro County, and the Gulu Municipal Council.[2][3]

The economic activity of 90 per cent of the population in the district is subsistence or slightly supersubsistence agriculture.[citation needed]

The district has been the location of much of the fighting between the Ugandan army and the Lord's Resistance Army. Over 90 percent of the population has returned to their villages after more than two decades of living in what were known as "Internally Displaced People Camps".[citation needed]


In 1991, the national population census was estimated the population of the district at 211,800. The national census conducted in 2002 put the population at approximately 298,500. The district population grew at an annual rate of 2.9 percent between 2002 and 2012. In 2012, the population was estimated at 396,500.[4]

Notable people[edit]

The district is the birthplace of the poet Okot p'Bitek.[citation needed] It is also the birthplace of Canadian radio host Opiyo Oloya.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Road Distance Between Kampala And Gulu With Map". Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  2. ^ Districts of Uganda, Statoids, accessed 3 August 2015
  3. ^ Counties of Uganda, Statoids, accessed 3 August 2015
  4. ^ "Estimated Population of Gulu District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Retrieved 25 May 2014.

External links[edit]