Gumnaam

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Gumnaam
Gumnaam 1965.jpg
Gumnaam
Directed by Raja Nawathe
Written by Dhruva Chatterjee
Based on And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie
Starring Manoj Kumar
Nanda
Pran
Helen
Mehmood
Music by Shankar-Jaikishan
Release date
24 December 1965
Country India
Language Hindi
Box office 2.6 crore ($5.46 million)

Gumnaam (translation: Unknown or Anonymous) is a 1965 Bollywood thriller film, directed by Raja Nawathe and starring Manoj Kumar, Nanda, Pran, Helen and Mehmood. The film is an adaptation of the mystery novel And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie.

The film came to wider attention in the Western world when its opening song "Jaan Pehechan Ho" (a Hindi phrase roughly translated as "we should get to know each other") was included in the opening credits of Ghost World and also used in the 2011 commercial The Date for Heineken. The song is sung by Bollywood music legend Mohammed Rafi. The main actor who danced in the film was Laxmi Chhaya. The psychedelic choreography was done by Herman Benjamin, who can also be seen singing the song onscreen.[clarification needed]

Plot[edit]

Khanna, a wealthy man, hires an assassin to murder his rival, Sohanlal. He informs the victim's niece Asha of his death on phone.

A few days later, Asha wins a trip to a foreign country with six others: Barrister Rakesh, Dharamdas, Kishan, Dr. Acharya, Madhusudan Sharma and Kitty Kelly. They travel there by plane, which is forced to make an emergency landing. It takes off, stranding the passengers with crew member Anand. He claims to know nothing about events. They hear a woman singing a song.

They proceed to the mansion, where Dharamdas finds a diary. Anand reads its contents to everyone. It reveals they are all connected to a crime and are responsible for it. The writer says he will kill all of them.

Everybody retires to their rooms, Anand spies on them. He discovers Dr. Acharya has a bottle of poison and Dharamdas has a revolver. Kishan catches Anand spying but does nothing. The butler acts suspiciously, proving there is at least one more person in the house.

The next day, Kishan spots a ship and fails sending a distress signal. Anand starts flirting with Asha, and things heat up between Rakesh and Kitty. Everyone is suspicious of everybody. Rakesh's prime suspect is Anand. Anand and Asha find Kishan's corpse. His killer left a note saying Kishan murdered Sohanlal. The group deduces Dharamdas killed Kishan. He pleads innocence. Sharma asks for one day to prove his innocence. Dharamdas is found dead by Anand and Asha. Anand concludes the culprit is within the group. Rakesh believes the doctor poisoned Dharamdas.

It becomes clear everyone in the house was connected to Sohanlal. Kitty is Sohanlal's secretary. Rakesh wrote Sohanlal's will on Khanna's orders. Kitty sent the will to Rakesh on Khanna’s instructions, though neither knew about the other. Asha suspects Anand, who says nothing when she asks about himself. Anand spots Rakesh hiding an axe. Dr. Acharya arrives screaming that Sharma has been killed by an axe. The killer left another note stating Sharma was Khanna's co-conspirator in Sohanlal's murder.

Anand accuses Rakesh of Sharma's murder. Rakesh is now unsure of Anand's guilt. Dr. Acharya catches the butler acting suspiciously. He learns the butler's secret and theyscuffle. The doctor enters the dining room, utters Anand's name, and collapses before Asha and Kitty. They realise he has been stabbed. Rakesh believes Anand is the killer. He denies it. Asha now questioning her faith in Anand, drinks with Kitty.

Rakesh advises Asha not to go anywhere alone. They continue looking Kitty who has gone for a swim, but senses she is not alone. She flees, but the killer corners her and hangs her. Rakesh and Asha arrive. Rakesh's suspicions about Anand are confirmed after spotting his hat near Kitty's corpse. Rakesh sees Anand, starts chasing him but loses his trail. In a fit of rage, Rakesh returns to the mansion and tries to rape Asha. She escapes then runs into Rakesh as he collapses with two daggers in his chest. The mansion's lights go out; the killer has arrived. Asha is next.

The killer approaches her, she faints. He carries her into a secret room and revives her. Sharma, the killer, tells Asha he convinced Dr. Acharya to help him fake his own death. He then murdered the doctor. Anand appears and reveals he is a police inspector. Sharma is an escaped convict named Madanlal.

Madanlal overpowers Anand. Asha ties them up and recounts his story. He, Khanna, and Sohanlal were smuggling partners. When Madanlal was caught, they convinced him to take the blame. After Madanlal was convicted and jailed, Sohanlal raped his sister. She committed suicide. Sohanlal and Khanna killed Madanlal's brother. Khanna had Sohanlal killed to usurp his money. Everyone Madanlal killed was involved in the plan to murder Sohanlal. The "ghost" singing the ominous song is the butler's mentally ill sister. Madanlal killed Khanna and ensured his targets "won" the lucky draw.

Madanlal plays Russian Roulette with Anand and Asha. The butler frees Anand. When it becomes obvious Asha will be shot, Anand attacks Madanlal. In the ensuing melee, Madanlal escapes the mansion and runs towards the shore. A plane full of policemen arrives and Madanlal is arrested. Anand, Asha, the butler and his sister leave in the plane.

Cast[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Planet Bollywood9/10 stars[1]

Critic Shahid Khan rated the soundtrack 9 out of 10 stating, "Gumnaam is sometimes unfairly overlooked but I believe that it is one of Shankar-Jaikishan's best albums."[1]

Song Singer(s) Notes
"Jaan Pehechan Ho" Mohammed Rafi Picturised on Laxmi Chhaya and choreographer Herman Benjamin;[2] features in the opening credits of Ghost World. Also featured on the CD Bollywood Steel Guitar,[3] a [Compilation album|compilation]] by various released in 2008 by the Sublime Frequencies record label.
"Gumnaam Hai Koi" Lata Mangeshkar Cover version of the title song by Henry Mancini of the film Charade.
"Ek Ladki Hai Jisne Jeena Mushkil Kar Diya" Mohammed Rafi Picturised on Manoj Kumar and Nanda
"Jaane Chaman Shola Badan" Mohammed Rafi and Sharda Picturised on Manoj Kumar and Nanda
"Peeke Hum Tum Jo" Asha Bhosle and Usha Mangeshkar This comical song was picturised on Nanda and Helen
"Gham Chhodke Manaao Rang" Lata Mangeshkar Picturised on Helen. Also known as "Iss Duniya Mein Jeena Ho Toh Sunlo Meri Baat".
"Aayega Kaun Yahaan" Sharda Unused in the movie, this song was included on the soundtrack album.
"Hum Kaale Hain To" Mohammed Rafi Picturised on Helen and Mehmood

According to film expert Rajesh Subramanian, a cold war prevailed between Mehmood and Manoj Kumar during the making of the film. Kumar tried to convince the director to discard the song "Hum kaale hain toh kya hua", which has picturised on Mehmood, from the film. However, it was kept and went on to become a hit and one of the highlights of the film. An English-language version of the song titled "The She I Love", sung by Mohammed Rafi, was also recorded.[citation needed]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Gumnaam became a box office hit. It was the 8th highest-grossing film in India in 1965, grossing 2.6 crore.[4] This was equivalent to $5.46 million in 1965,[n 1] and is equivalent to US$42 million or 275 crore[6] in 2016.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 4.7619 Indian rupees per US dollar in 1965[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gumnaam Music Review by Shahid Khan". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Trivia time #33". Memsaabstory.wordpress.com. 14 December 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  3. ^ "Bollywood Steel Guitar". Amazon.com. 1 April 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "PACIFIC Exchange Rate Service : Foreign Currency Units per 1 U.S. Dollar, 1950-2016" (PDF). Fx.sauber.ubc.ca. p. 3. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  6. ^ "Yearly Average Rates". Ofx.com. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  7. ^ "1st Filmfare Awards 1953" (PDF). Deep750.googlepages.com. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 

External links[edit]